sump·​tu·​ous | \ ˈsəm(p)(t)-shə-wəs How to pronounce sumptuous (audio) , -shəs, -shwəs \

Definition of sumptuous

: extremely costly, rich, luxurious, or magnificent sumptuous banquets a sumptuous residence also : magnificent sense 4

Keep scrolling for more

Other Words from sumptuous

sumptuously adverb
sumptuousness noun

Did You Know?

The word sumptuous can be used to describe both lush surroundings and rich desserts, and it has an equally rich history. The word, which appeared in English in the 15th century, derives via Middle English from the Latin noun sumptus, meaning "expense." "Sumptus" is related to the Latin verb sumere, which means "take" or "spend" and from which we get a treasure trove of useful verbs: "consume" ("to use up or spend"), "subsume" ("to include or place in something larger"), "resume" ("to take up again"), and "assume" ("to take upon oneself"). Another "sumere" descendant is our adjective "sumptuary," which means "relating to one's extravagant expenditures."

Examples of sumptuous in a Sentence

the cruise ship claims to offer sumptuous furnishings, exquisitely prepared cuisine, and stellar entertainment
Recent Examples on the Web The signature sumptuous colors are sure to brighten up any kitchen, but that doesn’t mean giving up quality. Popular Science, "Thoughtfully designed pans for every home chef," 15 Mar. 2020 The sumptuous pastel colors of the environment are both dreamy and cartoony. Washington Post, "‘Sea of Solitude’ is a well-meaning misfire," 11 July 2019 With his lush, sumptuous, expressionistic colors, Bertolucci was the last great Italian painter. Lee Siegel, WSJ, "Bertolucci’s Obsessions," 30 Nov. 2018 The setting was the sumptuous Oheka Castle on Long Island. Peter Van Sant, CBS News, "Was a Florida man's violent confrontation with his wife prompted by his daughter's high-end wedding?," 4 Apr. 2020 That's because mainstream vehicle interiors have become more sumptuous, ride handling has improved, advanced safety systems have become common and reliability has spiked. Nathan Bomey, USA TODAY, "These are the top 10 best new cars, trucks, SUVs of 2020, according to Consumer Reports," 20 Feb. 2020 Christmas Day brings a sumptuous feast, despite the puddings going missing. The Economist, "I’m not going to lie “Gavin & Stacey” is a reminder that Britons can put differences aside," 26 Dec. 2019 Her home’s sumptuous living room, stately dining room, and imposing staircase have set the stage for many cocktail parties and fancy dinners, and while the cast’s behavior is never perfect, the house always looks immaculate. Luzanne Otte, ELLE Decor, "Patricia Altschul Shares the Best Advice She Got From Mario Buatta," 13 Jan. 2020 The Greely Expedition—during which (at least in the beginning), the men enjoyed warm shelter, sumptuous, opulent meals, singing and revelry and holiday celebration at the far end of the earth. Buddy Levy, Time, "The Story of an Extravagant Christmas Dinner Near the North Pole in 1881," 23 Dec. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'sumptuous.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

See More

First Known Use of sumptuous

15th century, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for sumptuous

Middle English, from Latin sumptuosus, from sumptus

Keep scrolling for more

Learn More about sumptuous

Time Traveler for sumptuous

Time Traveler

The first known use of sumptuous was in the 15th century

See more words from the same century

Listen to Our Podcast about sumptuous

Statistics for sumptuous

Last Updated

28 May 2020

Cite this Entry

“Sumptuous.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 31 May. 2020.

Keep scrolling for more

More Definitions for sumptuous


How to pronounce sumptuous (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of sumptuous

: very expensive, rich, or impressive


sump·​tu·​ous | \ ˈsəmp-chə-wəs How to pronounce sumptuous (audio) \

Kids Definition of sumptuous

: very expensive or luxurious a sumptuous meal a sumptuous fabric

Keep scrolling for more

Comments on sumptuous

What made you want to look up sumptuous? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


See Definitions and Examples »

Get Word of the Day daily email!

Test Your Vocabulary

May 2020 Words of the Day Quiz

  • a blooming wisteria tree
  • Which is a synonym of exiguous?
Spell It

Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words?

Dictionary Devil

Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.

Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!