substantial

adjective
sub·​stan·​tial | \ səb-ˈstan(t)-shəl How to pronounce substantial (audio) \

Definition of substantial

1a : consisting of or relating to substance
b : not imaginary or illusory : real, true
2 : ample to satisfy and nourish : full a substantial meal
3a : possessed of means : well-to-do
b : considerable in quantity : significantly great earned a substantial wage
4 : firmly constructed : sturdy a substantial house
5 : being largely but not wholly that which is specified a substantial lie

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Other Words from substantial

substantial noun
substantiality \ səb-​ˌstan(t)-​shē-​ˈa-​lə-​tē How to pronounce substantiality (audio) \ noun
substantially \ səb-​ˈstan(t)-​sh(ə-​)lē How to pronounce substantially (audio) \ adverb
substantialness \ səb-​ˈstan(t)-​shəl-​nəs How to pronounce substantialness (audio) \ noun

Examples of substantial in a Sentence

A substantial number of people commute to work each day. Activities like that pose a substantial risk of injury. She purchased her tickets at a substantial discount. Only the buildings that were constructed of more substantial materials survived the earthquake. I was hoping that they would serve us something more substantial than wine and cheese.
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Recent Examples on the Web

There is substantial evidence that college graduates on average earn more than those who have not graduated from college. The Economist, "Smashed like avocados: how young people are treated by their elders," 10 July 2019 No amount of lead in water is safe, but the lower level in Flint represents a substantial improvement over the 27 ppb reported by the Virgina Tech Water Study at the peak of the crisis in April 2015. Laura Pangallozzi, The Conversation, "At least 2% of US public water systems are like Flint’s – Americans just don’t hear about them," 10 July 2019 The general public could see body-camera footage only if an officer in it discharges a firearm or causes someone substantial bodily harm. Tad Vezner, Twin Cities, "Old debate on homeowner privacy dominates talk on Ramsey County’s body cameras," 10 July 2019 After a substantial early bidding war, Valencia appeared to be in pole position to sign the 22-year-old, especially with their ability to offer Champions League football. SI.com, "West Ham Set to Land Club-Record £45m Maxi Gomez as Forward 'Turns Down Champions League'," 8 July 2019 But in terms of substantial round of job losses, Deutsche Bank’s plans pale in comparison to other massive corporate layoffs since 2009. Michelle Cheng, Quartz at Work, "How Deutsche Bank’s 18,000 job cuts stack up to other mass layoffs," 8 July 2019 Meantime, Ruth’s Chris completed a substantial remodel in 2016. Liz Biro, Indianapolis Star, "CharBlue is the 6th Downtown Indy restaurant to close this year," 8 July 2019 Since its 2015 debut as part of Felicia Day's Geek & Sundry network, Critical Role has built a substantial following online. Graeme Mcmillan, The Hollywood Reporter, "'Critical Role': Inside the Comic Spinoff 'Vox Machina Origins II'," 8 July 2019 There are substantial concerns that the existing wild population in Florida could be wiped out completely by a prolonged drought or a single hurricane. Josh Baugh, ExpressNews.com, "San Antonio scientist works to save endangered salamander in southeastern U.S.," 8 July 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'substantial.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of substantial

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 2

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Statistics for substantial

Last Updated

13 Jul 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for substantial

The first known use of substantial was in the 14th century

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More Definitions for substantial

substantial

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of substantial

: large in amount, size, or number
: strongly made
of food : enough to satisfy hunger

substantial

adjective
sub·​stan·​tial | \ səb-ˈstan-shəl How to pronounce substantial (audio) \

Kids Definition of substantial

1 : large in amount a substantial improvement
2 : important sense 1 a substantial difference
3 : firmly constructed Substantial walls surround the castle.
4 : abundant a substantial meal
5 : prosperous sense 1 a substantial farmer
6 : made up of or relating to substance : material

substantial

adjective
sub·​stan·​tial | \ səb-ˈstan-chəl How to pronounce substantial (audio) \

Legal Definition of substantial

1a : of or relating to substance
b : not illusory : having merit failed to raise a substantial constitutional claim
c : having importance or significance : material a substantial step had not been taken toward commission of the crime— W. R. LaFave and A. W. Scott, Jr.
2 : considerable in quantity : significantly great identification of serious and substantial failure to performU.S. Code — compare de minimis

Other Words from substantial

substantiality \ -​ˌstan-​chē-​ˈa-​lə-​tē How to pronounce substantiality (audio) \ noun
substantially adverb

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Comments on substantial

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