substantial

adjective
sub·​stan·​tial | \ səb-ˈstan(t)-shəl How to pronounce substantial (audio) \

Essential Meaning of substantial

1 : large in amount, size, or number A substantial number of people commute to work each day. This will save us a substantial [=considerable] amount of money/time. See More ExamplesActivities like that pose a substantial risk of injury. She purchased her tickets at a substantial discount.Hide
2 : strongly made : sturdy a substantial house Only the buildings that were constructed of more substantial materials survived the earthquake.
3 of food : enough to satisfy hunger I was hoping that they would serve us something more substantial than wine and cheese. a substantial [=filling] meal

Full Definition of substantial

1a : consisting of or relating to substance
b : not imaginary or illusory : real, true
2 : ample to satisfy and nourish : full a substantial meal
3a : possessed of means : well-to-do
b : considerable in quantity : significantly great earned a substantial wage
4 : firmly constructed : sturdy a substantial house
5 : being largely but not wholly that which is specified a substantial lie

Other Words from substantial

substantial noun
substantiality \ səb-​ˌstan(t)-​shē-​ˈa-​lə-​tē How to pronounce substantial (audio) \ noun
substantially \ səb-​ˈstan(t)-​sh(ə-​)lē How to pronounce substantial (audio) \ adverb
substantialness \ səb-​ˈstan(t)-​shəl-​nəs How to pronounce substantial (audio) \ noun

Examples of substantial in a Sentence

A substantial number of people commute to work each day. Activities like that pose a substantial risk of injury. She purchased her tickets at a substantial discount. Only the buildings that were constructed of more substantial materials survived the earthquake. I was hoping that they would serve us something more substantial than wine and cheese.
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Recent Examples on the Web Regardless of the risk level being high or substantial, Young said the mitigations in place — like wearing masks in all indoor settings — are the same. Steve Sadin, chicagotribune.com, 29 Oct. 2021 And nearly every state in the country has substantial or high levels of viral transmission. Walela Nehanda, SELF, 28 Oct. 2021 The agency in July revised that guidance, citing the highly transmissible Delta variant, and urged fully vaccinated people who live in places with high or substantial transmission of the virus to once again wear masks in public indoor spaces. Allison Prang, WSJ, 19 Oct. 2021 For example, the earlier mask ordinance tied its expiration to when the city falls out of a substantial or high alert level for COVID-19 transmission. Emily Goodykoontz, Anchorage Daily News, 13 Oct. 2021 As of Tuesday, all other Maryland counties and Baltimore City were listed at either substantial or high COVID-19 transmission. Madison Bateman, baltimoresun.com/maryland/carroll, 5 Oct. 2021 The county’s new indoor mask advisory follows the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s guidance for an area with substantial or high community spread of COVID-19, the county said. Julie Washington, cleveland, 15 Sep. 2021 Nord, of Indivisible, expects climate change to be one of the key issues in the race, as the district faces substantial threats from sea level rise. Tal Kopan, San Francisco Chronicle, 16 Nov. 2021 Each bite of this dish was warming and savory; sweet and substantial. Keith Pandolfi, The Enquirer, 16 Nov. 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'substantial.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of substantial

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 2

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Time Traveler for substantial

Time Traveler

The first known use of substantial was in the 14th century

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Dictionary Entries Near substantial

substantiable

substantial

substantial damages

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Statistics for substantial

Last Updated

30 Nov 2021

Cite this Entry

“Substantial.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/substantial. Accessed 6 Dec. 2021.

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More Definitions for substantial

substantial

adjective
sub·​stan·​tial | \ səb-ˈstan-shəl How to pronounce substantial (audio) \

Kids Definition of substantial

1 : large in amount a substantial improvement
2 : important sense 1 a substantial difference
3 : firmly constructed Substantial walls surround the castle.
4 : abundant a substantial meal
5 : prosperous sense 1 a substantial farmer
6 : made up of or relating to substance : material

substantial

adjective
sub·​stan·​tial | \ səb-ˈstan-chəl How to pronounce substantial (audio) \

Legal Definition of substantial

1a : of or relating to substance
b : not illusory : having merit failed to raise a substantial constitutional claim
c : having importance or significance : material a substantial step had not been taken toward commission of the crime— W. R. LaFave and A. W. Scott, Jr.
2 : considerable in quantity : significantly great identification of serious and substantial failure to performU.S. Code — compare de minimis

Other Words from substantial

substantiality \ -​ˌstan-​chē-​ˈa-​lə-​tē How to pronounce substantial (audio) \ noun
substantially adverb

More from Merriam-Webster on substantial

Nglish: Translation of substantial for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of substantial for Arabic Speakers

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