substantial

adjective
sub·​stan·​tial | \ səb-ˈstan(t)-shəl How to pronounce substantial (audio) \

Definition of substantial

1a : consisting of or relating to substance
b : not imaginary or illusory : real, true
2 : ample to satisfy and nourish : full a substantial meal
3a : possessed of means : well-to-do
b : considerable in quantity : significantly great earned a substantial wage
4 : firmly constructed : sturdy a substantial house
5 : being largely but not wholly that which is specified a substantial lie

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Other Words from substantial

substantial noun
substantiality \ səb-​ˌstan(t)-​shē-​ˈa-​lə-​tē How to pronounce substantiality (audio) \ noun
substantially \ səb-​ˈstan(t)-​sh(ə-​)lē How to pronounce substantially (audio) \ adverb
substantialness \ səb-​ˈstan(t)-​shəl-​nəs How to pronounce substantialness (audio) \ noun

Examples of substantial in a Sentence

A substantial number of people commute to work each day. Activities like that pose a substantial risk of injury. She purchased her tickets at a substantial discount. Only the buildings that were constructed of more substantial materials survived the earthquake. I was hoping that they would serve us something more substantial than wine and cheese.
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Recent Examples on the Web Innovation in each of these areas would provide substantial benefits to those who volunteer to take part in trials, not to mention downstream benefits to the ultimate users of new medicines. Charles K. Fisher, STAT, "The FDA needs to set standards for using artificial intelligence in drug development," 7 Nov. 2019 In the end, the union won substantial pay increases and bonuses and promises of $9 billion in investments in United States plants, but accepted a permanent halt to G.M.’s Lordstown operation. New York Times, "Buyer of G.M. Lordstown Plant Promises Union Work and Wages," 7 Nov. 2019 On this score alone, Indian conservatives in the past two centuries have had no problems with the position that Indian society has been in need of substantial, even foundational, reform. Jaithirth Rao, Quartz India, "Can Hindu conservatives make room for reform in religion?," 4 Nov. 2019 Researchers found that adults with cardiovascular disease and cancer gained substantial longevity benefits by becoming more active, regardless of their past physical activity levels. Marissa Cruz Lemar, chicagotribune.com, "Never exercised? It’s not too late to take steps toward an active life.," 28 Oct. 2019 The group’s tally of anti-Semitic incidents in the U.S. since 2009 shows a major spike in 2017 – from 1,267 to 1,986, with a substantial increase in physical assaults – before a small reduction to 1,879 incidents in 2018. Jorge L. Ortiz, USA TODAY, "Tree of Life massacre: A year later, US Jewish communities still facing 'significant threats'," 27 Oct. 2019 But general Arab-Israeli skepticism of the efforts changed when the population realized the substantial benefits that had begun coming to them. Robert Cherry, National Review, "Understanding the Momentous Decision of Israel’s Arab Joint List," 23 Oct. 2019 Researchers found that adults with cardiovascular disease and cancer gained substantial longevity benefits by becoming more active, regardless of their past physical activity levels. Washington Post, "Never exercised in your life? It’s not too late to start — and benefit.," 21 Oct. 2019 Tastes like real beef. Earthy, peppery, substantial. Matt Wake | Mwake@al.com, al, "A local meatless burger even devout carnivores will like," 15 Oct. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'substantial.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of substantial

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 2

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Statistics for substantial

Last Updated

16 Nov 2019

Time Traveler for substantial

The first known use of substantial was in the 14th century

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More Definitions for substantial

substantial

adjective
How to pronounce substantial (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of substantial

: large in amount, size, or number
: strongly made
of food : enough to satisfy hunger

substantial

adjective
sub·​stan·​tial | \ səb-ˈstan-shəl How to pronounce substantial (audio) \

Kids Definition of substantial

1 : large in amount a substantial improvement
2 : important sense 1 a substantial difference
3 : firmly constructed Substantial walls surround the castle.
4 : abundant a substantial meal
5 : prosperous sense 1 a substantial farmer
6 : made up of or relating to substance : material

substantial

adjective
sub·​stan·​tial | \ səb-ˈstan-chəl How to pronounce substantial (audio) \

Legal Definition of substantial

1a : of or relating to substance
b : not illusory : having merit failed to raise a substantial constitutional claim
c : having importance or significance : material a substantial step had not been taken toward commission of the crime— W. R. LaFave and A. W. Scott, Jr.
2 : considerable in quantity : significantly great identification of serious and substantial failure to performU.S. Code — compare de minimis

Other Words from substantial

substantiality \ -​ˌstan-​chē-​ˈa-​lə-​tē How to pronounce substantiality (audio) \ noun
substantially adverb

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Comments on substantial

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