substantial

adjective
sub·​stan·​tial | \ səb-ˈstan(t)-shəl How to pronounce substantial (audio) \

Definition of substantial

1a : consisting of or relating to substance
b : not imaginary or illusory : real, true
2 : ample to satisfy and nourish : full a substantial meal
3a : possessed of means : well-to-do
b : considerable in quantity : significantly great earned a substantial wage
4 : firmly constructed : sturdy a substantial house
5 : being largely but not wholly that which is specified a substantial lie

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Other Words from substantial

substantial noun
substantiality \ səb-​ˌstan(t)-​shē-​ˈa-​lə-​tē How to pronounce substantiality (audio) \ noun
substantially \ səb-​ˈstan(t)-​sh(ə-​)lē How to pronounce substantially (audio) \ adverb
substantialness \ səb-​ˈstan(t)-​shəl-​nəs How to pronounce substantialness (audio) \ noun

Examples of substantial in a Sentence

A substantial number of people commute to work each day. Activities like that pose a substantial risk of injury. She purchased her tickets at a substantial discount. Only the buildings that were constructed of more substantial materials survived the earthquake. I was hoping that they would serve us something more substantial than wine and cheese.
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Recent Examples on the Web

One of the wealthiest nations in the world, Japan has used its technological prowess to build substantial defenses against natural disasters. Ken Moritsugu, Fox News, "Deadly month: Japan's weather-related deaths top 300 in July," 31 July 2018 And everyone listened: Each charity received a substantial uptick in donations. Vogue, "Prince Harry and Meghan Markle Are Getting Baby Gifts From Around the World," 16 Apr. 2019 For a substantial raise, women tend to have to look for another job and either come back to their bosses in hopes of a counter-offer or leave to make a big career move. Mattie Kahn, Glamour, "The $10,000 Salary Jump That Will Actually Make a Difference in Your Life," 9 Apr. 2019 Historically, only Windows 10 Pro users have been able to delay patches for a substantial length of time, leading to frustration on the part of Windows 10 Home users who lack the same Windows Update options. Mark Hachman, PCWorld, "Microsoft will ship the Windows 10 May 2019 Update in late May, giving you power over updates," 4 Apr. 2019 These pay gaps equate to substantial annual losses: $23,653 for Black women, $24,443 for Native American women, and $28,386 for Latinas, as reported by the National Women’s Law Center. Jameelah Nasheed, Teen Vogue, "Equal Pay Day Messaging Disregards Women of Color," 2 Apr. 2019 This time around, though, Apple's quiet announcements include some more substantial tidbits. Eric Limer, Popular Mechanics, "For Apple's Big Event on Monday, Hardware Is Just a Sideshow," 21 Mar. 2019 The raise is largely the result of a substantial increase in stock-option awards tied to the contract extension Mr. Zaslav signed last year. ... Benjamin Mullin, WSJ, "Discovery CEO’s Compensation Tripled in 2018 to $129 Million," 22 Mar. 2019 This is a substantial increase from 62.5 percent in the original NAFTA. Jen Kirby, Vox, "The three countries signed the deal at the G20 on Friday.," 30 Nov. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'substantial.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of substantial

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 2

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Statistics for substantial

Last Updated

18 May 2019

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Time Traveler for substantial

The first known use of substantial was in the 14th century

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More Definitions for substantial

substantial

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of substantial

: large in amount, size, or number
: strongly made
of food : enough to satisfy hunger

substantial

adjective
sub·​stan·​tial | \ səb-ˈstan-shəl How to pronounce substantial (audio) \

Kids Definition of substantial

1 : large in amount a substantial improvement
2 : important sense 1 a substantial difference
3 : firmly constructed Substantial walls surround the castle.
4 : abundant a substantial meal
5 : prosperous sense 1 a substantial farmer
6 : made up of or relating to substance : material

substantial

adjective
sub·​stan·​tial | \ səb-ˈstan-chəl How to pronounce substantial (audio) \

Legal Definition of substantial

1a : of or relating to substance
b : not illusory : having merit failed to raise a substantial constitutional claim
c : having importance or significance : material a substantial step had not been taken toward commission of the crime— W. R. LaFave and A. W. Scott, Jr.
2 : considerable in quantity : significantly great identification of serious and substantial failure to performU.S. Code — compare de minimis

Other Words from substantial

substantiality \ -​ˌstan-​chē-​ˈa-​lə-​tē How to pronounce substantiality (audio) \ noun
substantially adverb

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Comments on substantial

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