substantial

adjective
sub·​stan·​tial | \ səb-ˈstan(t)-shəl How to pronounce substantial (audio) \

Definition of substantial

1a : consisting of or relating to substance
b : not imaginary or illusory : real, true
2 : ample to satisfy and nourish : full a substantial meal
3a : possessed of means : well-to-do
b : considerable in quantity : significantly great earned a substantial wage
4 : firmly constructed : sturdy a substantial house
5 : being largely but not wholly that which is specified a substantial lie

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Other Words from substantial

substantial noun
substantiality \ səb-​ˌstan(t)-​shē-​ˈa-​lə-​tē How to pronounce substantiality (audio) \ noun
substantially \ səb-​ˈstan(t)-​sh(ə-​)lē How to pronounce substantially (audio) \ adverb
substantialness \ səb-​ˈstan(t)-​shəl-​nəs How to pronounce substantialness (audio) \ noun

Examples of substantial in a Sentence

A substantial number of people commute to work each day. Activities like that pose a substantial risk of injury. She purchased her tickets at a substantial discount. Only the buildings that were constructed of more substantial materials survived the earthquake. I was hoping that they would serve us something more substantial than wine and cheese.
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Recent Examples on the Web Science and math received the strongest support, but a substantial number of respondents also favored history, geography, and English. Andy Borowitz, The New Yorker, "Americans Overwhelmingly Favor Sending Trump Back to School in Fall," 9 July 2020 The law, the Religious Freedom Restoration Act of 1993, says that government requirements placing a substantial burden on religious practices are subject to an exceptionally demanding form of judicial scrutiny. Adam Liptak, BostonGlobe.com, "Supreme Court lets employers opt out of birth control coverage," 8 July 2020 This allowed more people to access home care and avoid being admitted to a skilled nursing facility, where a substantial number of Covid-19 deaths have occurred. Peter Pronovost, STAT, "To make progress against Covid-19, processes must serve people, not a ‘labyrinth of bureaucratic rules’," 30 June 2020 But that tally includes only votes cast in person at the polls Tuesday; none of the substantial number of mail-in ballots that could determine the outcome have been counted and will not be for days. NBC News, "Virus surge 'overwhelms' Arizona and Texas, key 2020 primaries too close to call, and MLB is coming back," 24 June 2020 But a substantial number of them are extremely, jarringly violent. Kaitlyn Tiffany, The Atlantic, "My Little Pony Fans Are Ready to Admit They Have a Nazi Problem," 23 June 2020 Dams and reservoirs along these rivers provide a substantial amount of water to the greater Phoenix area and the communities and farms upstream. Erin Stone, azcentral, "As Bush Fire becomes one of largest in Arizona history, water and wildlife at risk," 22 June 2020 Convincing a jury to convict a police officer has been a historically difficult task, even with substantial evidence. Ben Terris, Washington Post, "Americans want justice for George Floyd. Keith Ellison is in charge of getting it.," 18 June 2020 Lake Illiamna is a sparsely populated, pristine system that feeds from numerous other drainages, including those of Lake Clark, which also hosts a substantial number of Kvichak River sockeye. John Schandelmeier, Anchorage Daily News, "Warm days at Bristol Bay mean cold water and slow-arriving fish," 13 June 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'substantial.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of substantial

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 2

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Time Traveler for substantial

Time Traveler

The first known use of substantial was in the 14th century

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Statistics for substantial

Last Updated

1 Aug 2020

Cite this Entry

“Substantial.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/substantial. Accessed 4 Aug. 2020.

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More Definitions for substantial

substantial

adjective
How to pronounce substantial (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of substantial

: large in amount, size, or number
: strongly made
of food : enough to satisfy hunger

substantial

adjective
sub·​stan·​tial | \ səb-ˈstan-shəl How to pronounce substantial (audio) \

Kids Definition of substantial

1 : large in amount a substantial improvement
2 : important sense 1 a substantial difference
3 : firmly constructed Substantial walls surround the castle.
4 : abundant a substantial meal
5 : prosperous sense 1 a substantial farmer
6 : made up of or relating to substance : material

substantial

adjective
sub·​stan·​tial | \ səb-ˈstan-chəl How to pronounce substantial (audio) \

Legal Definition of substantial

1a : of or relating to substance
b : not illusory : having merit failed to raise a substantial constitutional claim
c : having importance or significance : material a substantial step had not been taken toward commission of the crime— W. R. LaFave and A. W. Scott, Jr.
2 : considerable in quantity : significantly great identification of serious and substantial failure to performU.S. Code — compare de minimis

Other Words from substantial

substantiality \ -​ˌstan-​chē-​ˈa-​lə-​tē How to pronounce substantiality (audio) \ noun
substantially adverb

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Comments on substantial

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