restive

play
adjective res·tive \ ˈres-tiv \

Definition of restive

1 :stubbornly resisting control :balky
2 :marked by impatience or uneasiness :fidgety

restively

adverb

restiveness

noun

restive was our Word of the Day on 09/30/2007. Hear the podcast!

Examples of restive in a Sentence

  1. the restive horse threw its head and refused to move when the rider urged it forward

  2. spent a restive night worrying about the next day's exam

Recent Examples of restive from the Web

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'restive.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Did You Know?

Restive ultimately comes from the Anglo-French word rester, meaning "to stop, resist, or remain." In its earliest use, restive meant "sluggish" or "inactive," though this sense is no longer in use. Another early sense was "stubborn, obstinate." Specifically, restive often referred to horses that refused to do as commanded. This general application to unruly horses may have influenced the development of the "fidgety, impatient" sense of restive. Some usage commentators have objected to this newer sense, but it has been in use for well over a century, and is now the more common of the uses.

Origin and Etymology of restive

Middle English restyf, from Anglo-French restif, from rester to stop, resist, remain

Synonym Discussion of restive

contrary, perverse, restive, balky, wayward mean inclined to resist authority or control. contrary implies a temperamental unwillingness to accept orders or advice.
    • a contrary child
perverse may imply wrongheaded, determined, or cranky opposition to what is reasonable or normal.
    • a perverse, intractable critic
restive suggests unwillingness or inability to submit to discipline or follow orders.
    • tired soldiers growing restive
balky suggests a refusing to proceed in a desired direction or course of action.
    • a balky witness
wayward suggests strong-willed capriciousness and irregularity in behavior.
    • a school for wayward youths

RESTIVE Defined for English Language Learners

restive

play
adjective

Definition of restive for English Language Learners

  • : feeling bored or impatient while waiting for something to happen or change


RESTIVE Defined for Kids

restive

play
adjective res·tive \ ˈre-stiv \

Definition of restive for Students

:showing impatience, nervousness, or discomfort
  • a restive crowd


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