reexamination

noun
re·ex·am·i·na·tion | \ (ˌ)rē-ig-ˌza-mə-ˈnā-shən \
variants: or re-examination
plural reexaminations or re-examinations

Definition of reexamination 

1 : the act or process of examining something again especially from a different viewpoint … force a critical reexamination of the premises and standards of existing scholarly work. —Joan W. Scott

2 law

a : the act or process of examining a witness in a court of law after the witness has been cross-examined : redirect examination

b : the review by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office of the validity of a patent being questioned on the basis of prior art In another type of proceedings, called reexamination, the challenger can trigger rejection of the patent by producing new evidence of prior art—new evidence that the invention was "not novel or was obvious." —Erik Larson

First Known Use of reexamination

1604, in the meaning defined at sense 1

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The first known use of reexamination was in 1604

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