prokaryote

noun
pro·​kary·​ote | \ (ˌ)prō-ˈker-ē-ˌōt How to pronounce prokaryote (audio) , (ˌ)prō-ˈka-rē-ˌōt\
variants: or less commonly

Definition of prokaryote

: any of the typically unicellular microorganisms that lack a distinct nucleus and membrane-bound organelles and that are classified as a kingdom (Prokaryotae synonym Monera) or into two domains (Bacteria and Archaea) — compare archaea, bacterium, eukaryote

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Examples of prokaryote in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web In contrast to eukaryotes, which all have a suite of organelles in common, different groups of prokaryotes showcase their own specialized compartments. Quanta Magazine, "Bacterial Complexity Revises Ideas About ‘Which Came First?’," 27 Aug. 2019 The engulfed prokaryote then went on to become the first organelle. Quanta Magazine, "How Viruses May Have Led to Complex Life," 24 Jan. 2017 Eukaryotes also have a higher percentage of intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) than prokaryotes. Quanta Magazine, "How Viruses May Have Led to Complex Life," 24 Jan. 2017 But anaerobic prokaryotes (archea and bacteria), such as those living between your teeth and some of those living in your guts, would conquer the whole planet very rapidly. OregonLive.com, "The sun explodes, Donald Trump implodes, your Viagra goes awry: Google captures our fears," 10 Aug. 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'prokaryote.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of prokaryote

1963, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for prokaryote

New Latin Prokaryotes, proposed subdivision of protists, from pro- entry 1 + kary- + -otes, plural noun suffix, from Greek -ōtos — more at -otic

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Time Traveler for prokaryote

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The first known use of prokaryote was in 1963

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Last Updated

16 Oct 2019

Cite this Entry

“Prokaryote.” The Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Inc., https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/prokaryote. Accessed 21 November 2019.

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More Definitions for prokaryote

prokaryote

noun
pro·​kary·​ote
variants: also procaryote \ (ˈ)prō-​ˈkar-​ē-​ˌōt How to pronounce procaryote (audio) \

Medical Definition of prokaryote

: any of the typically unicellular microorganisms that lack a distinct nucleus and membrane-bound organelles and that are classified as a kingdom (Prokaryotae synonym Monera) or into two domains (Bacteria and Archaea) — compare eukaryote

Other Words from prokaryote

prokaryotic also procaryotic \ -​ˌkar-​ē-​ˈät-​ik How to pronounce procaryotic (audio) \ adjective

More from Merriam-Webster on prokaryote

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about prokaryote

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