projection

noun
pro·​jec·​tion | \ prə-ˈjek-shən \

Definition of projection

1a : a systematic presentation of intersecting coordinate lines on a flat surface upon which features from a curved surface (as of the earth or the celestial sphere) may be mapped an equal-area map projection
b : the process or technique of reproducing a spatial object upon a plane or curved surface or a line by projecting its points also : a graph or figure so formed
2 : a transforming change
3 : the act of throwing or thrusting forward
4 : the forming of a plan : scheming
5a(1) : a jutting out
(2) : a part that juts out
b : a view of a building or architectural element
6a : the act of perceiving a mental object as spatially and sensibly objective also : something so perceived
b : the attribution of one's own ideas, feelings, or attitudes to other people or to objects especially : the externalization of blame, guilt, or responsibility as a defense against anxiety
7 : the display of motion pictures by projecting an image from them upon a screen
8a : the act of projecting especially to an audience
b : control of the volume, clarity, and distinctness of a voice to gain greater audibility
9 : an estimate of future possibilities based on a current trend

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Other Words from projection

projectional \ prə-​ˈjek-​shnəl , -​shə-​nᵊl \ adjective

Choose the Right Synonym for projection

projection, protrusion, protuberance, bulge mean an extension beyond the normal line or surface. projection implies a jutting out especially at a sharp angle. those projections along the wall are safety hazards protrusion suggests a thrusting out so that the extension seems a deformity. the bizarre protrusions of a coral reef protuberance implies a growing or swelling out in rounded form. a skin disease marked by warty protuberances bulge suggests an expansion caused by internal pressure. bulges in the tile floor

Did You Know?

Projection has various meanings, but what they all have in common is that something is sent out or forward. A movie is projected onto a screen; a skilled actress projects her voice out into a large theater without seeming to shout; and something sticking out from a wall can be called a projection. But the meaning we focus on here is the one used by businesses and governments. Most projections of this kind are estimates of a company's sales or profits--or of the finances of a town, state, or country--sometime in the future.

Examples of projection in a Sentence

He gave a projection of future expenses. projections on the rock wall

Recent Examples on the Web

Wall Street’s current projection is also more than 20% below the company’s own per-share earnings target, indicating strong skepticism among investors about the goals set by Qualcomm’s management. Dan Gallagher, WSJ, "Qualcomm’s Day in Court Is Priced In," 7 Jan. 2019 FanGraphs' projections are notoriously unkind to the Royals, but in this case the computer shows the Royals should finish with nearly 10 more victories than their current pace. Pete Grathoff, kansascity, "Royals have slight chance to reach modern-day record for losses, says FanGraphs writer," 10 July 2018 If projections are correct, heat waves will only become worse in the coming decades, further taxing California’s energy supply. Jason Samenow, Washington Post, "Record heat put thousands of Californians in the dark Friday. Scientists predicted this from climate change.," 9 July 2018 Even if the dim projections for Social Security don't pan out, the program isn't likely to pay high enough benefits to provide a comfortable retirement. Russ Wiles, azcentral, "Reality check: Social Security will survive, but will it be enough?," 8 July 2018 And these FanGraphs projections are just the optimistic ones! Emma Baccellieri, SI.com, "What Is Wrong With the Washington Nationals?," 6 July 2018 The Federal Reserve’s latest projection is that inflation will move up to 2.1% this year. James F. Peltz, latimes.com, "Higher interest rates are spurring a subtle shift to cash investments. But don't expect to get rich," 22 June 2018 The projections are the first from the administration since President Trump signed a $1.5 trillion tax cut into law in December. Robert Pear, New York Times, "Medicare’s Trust Fund Is Set to Run Out in 8 Years. Social Security, 16.," 5 June 2018 Both projections would be up from 2.3 percent growth in 2017 and the 2.1 percent average annual gains the country has seen since the Great Recession ended in 2009. Martin Crutsinger, chicagotribune.com, "Business economists worry about possible recession in 2020," 4 June 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'projection.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of projection

1551, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

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Last Updated

13 Feb 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for projection

The first known use of projection was in 1551

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More Definitions for projection

projection

noun

English Language Learners Definition of projection

: an estimate of what might happen in the future based on what is happening now
: something that sticks out from a surface
: the act or process of causing a picture, movie, etc., to appear on a surface

projection

noun
pro·​jec·​tion | \ prə-ˈjek-shən \

Kids Definition of projection

1 : something that sticks out
2 : the act or process of causing to appear on a surface (as by means of motion pictures or slides)

projection

noun
pro·​jec·​tion | \ prə-ˈjek-shən \

Medical Definition of projection

1a : the process or technique of reproducing a spatial object or a section of such an object upon a plane or curved surface
b : a diagram or figure formed by projection especially : view
2a : the act of referring a mental image constructed by the brain from bits of data collected by the sense organs to the actual source of stimulation outside the body
b : the attribution of one's own ideas, feelings, or attitudes to other people or to objects especially : the externalization of blame, guilt, or responsibility as a defense against anxiety
3 : the functional correspondence and connection of parts of the cerebral cortex with other parts of the organism the projection of the retina upon the visual area

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