projection

noun
pro·​jec·​tion | \ prə-ˈjek-shən How to pronounce projection (audio) \

Definition of projection

1a : a systematic presentation of intersecting coordinate lines on a flat surface upon which features from a curved surface (as of the earth or the celestial sphere) may be mapped an equal-area map projection
b : the process or technique of reproducing a spatial object upon a plane or curved surface or a line by projecting its points also : a graph or figure so formed
2 : a transforming change
3 : the act of throwing or thrusting forward
4 : the forming of a plan : scheming
5a(1) : a jutting out
(2) : a part that juts out
b : a view of a building or architectural element
6a : the act of perceiving a mental object as spatially and sensibly objective also : something so perceived
b : the attribution of one's own ideas, feelings, or attitudes to other people or to objects especially : the externalization of blame, guilt, or responsibility as a defense against anxiety
7 : the display of motion pictures by projecting an image from them upon a screen
8a : the act of projecting especially to an audience
b : control of the volume, clarity, and distinctness of a voice to gain greater audibility
9 : an estimate of future possibilities based on a current trend

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Other Words from projection

projectional \ prə-​ˈjek-​shnəl How to pronounce projectional (audio) , -​shə-​nᵊl \ adjective

Choose the Right Synonym for projection

projection, protrusion, protuberance, bulge mean an extension beyond the normal line or surface. projection implies a jutting out especially at a sharp angle. those projections along the wall are safety hazards protrusion suggests a thrusting out so that the extension seems a deformity. the bizarre protrusions of a coral reef protuberance implies a growing or swelling out in rounded form. a skin disease marked by warty protuberances bulge suggests an expansion caused by internal pressure. bulges in the tile floor

Did You Know?

Projection has various meanings, but what they all have in common is that something is sent out or forward. A movie is projected onto a screen; a skilled actress projects her voice out into a large theater without seeming to shout; and something sticking out from a wall can be called a projection. But the meaning we focus on here is the one used by businesses and governments. Most projections of this kind are estimates of a company's sales or profits--or of the finances of a town, state, or country--sometime in the future.

Examples of projection in a Sentence

He gave a projection of future expenses. projections on the rock wall
Recent Examples on the Web The American Gas Association, a trade group, pointed to federal projections showing an average Northeastern home’s heating with electricity this winter would cost $1,391, compared to $712 for heating with natural gas. Benjamin Storrow, Scientific American, "Cities Look to Natural Gas Bans to Curb Carbon Emissions," 25 Nov. 2019 There are three bowl options for the Arizona State football team after its 31-28 upset win over Oregon on Saturday, according to the latest college football bowl projections. Jeremy Cluff, azcentral, "Arizona State football bowl projections: 3 options for Sun Devils after upset over Oregon," 25 Nov. 2019 According to these projections, global carbon emissions from fossil fuels will reach 41 gigatonnes by 2040. The Economist, "The world's climate goals are not sufficient. They are also unlikely to be met," 20 Nov. 2019 Through 2045, real gross product in the Houston region could grow as much as 3.13 percent annually, according to projections by Ray Perryman, a Waco economist. Erin Douglas, Houston Chronicle, "Houston region could account for 30% of Texas economy: report," 14 Nov. 2019 Fares are expected to continue to decline in 2020 and beyond, according to projections Sutula presented to the board. Courtney Astolfi, cleveland, "No fare hikes, systemwide service cuts anticipated in RTA’s 2020 budget," 12 Nov. 2019 Villar, in particular, is due an arbitration raise to $10.4 million, according to MLB Trade Rumors’ projections. Jon Meoli, baltimoresun.com, "Mike Elias: Orioles have to listen on trade offers this offseason; free-agent spending won’t be solution," 7 Nov. 2019 Most of the downgrade to upcoming growth projections was due to a weaker global economy and markets. Washington Post, "Bank of England warns over global economic hit to UK," 7 Nov. 2019 Harvey Mudd College in California, Columbia University in New York, and Southern Methodist University in Texas are expected to cost almost as much by 2025, according to the projections. BostonGlobe.com, "Harvey Mudd College in California, Columbia University in New York, and Southern Methodist University in Texas are expected to cost almost as much by 2025, according to the projections.," 2 Nov. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'projection.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of projection

1551, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

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Time Traveler for projection

Time Traveler

The first known use of projection was in 1551

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Statistics for projection

Last Updated

4 Dec 2019

Cite this Entry

“Projection.” The Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Inc., https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/projection?pronunciation&lang=en_us&dir=p&file=projec06. Accessed 11 December 2019.

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More Definitions for projection

projection

noun
How to pronounce projection (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of projection

: an estimate of what might happen in the future based on what is happening now
: something that sticks out from a surface
: the act or process of causing a picture, movie, etc., to appear on a surface

projection

noun
pro·​jec·​tion | \ prə-ˈjek-shən How to pronounce projection (audio) \

Kids Definition of projection

1 : something that sticks out
2 : the act or process of causing to appear on a surface (as by means of motion pictures or slides)

projection

noun
pro·​jec·​tion | \ prə-ˈjek-shən How to pronounce projection (audio) \

Medical Definition of projection

1a : the process or technique of reproducing a spatial object or a section of such an object upon a plane or curved surface
b : a diagram or figure formed by projection especially : view
2a : the act of referring a mental image constructed by the brain from bits of data collected by the sense organs to the actual source of stimulation outside the body
b : the attribution of one's own ideas, feelings, or attitudes to other people or to objects especially : the externalization of blame, guilt, or responsibility as a defense against anxiety
3 : the functional correspondence and connection of parts of the cerebral cortex with other parts of the organism the projection of the retina upon the visual area

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Comments on projection

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