prejudice

noun
prej·​u·​dice | \ˈpre-jə-dəs \

Definition of prejudice 

(Entry 1 of 2)

1 : injury or damage resulting from some judgment or action of another in disregard of one's rights especially : detriment to one's legal rights or claims

2a(1) : preconceived judgment or opinion

(2) : an adverse opinion or leaning formed without just grounds or before sufficient knowledge

b : an instance of such judgment or opinion

c : an irrational attitude of hostility directed against an individual, a group, a race, or their supposed characteristics

prejudice

verb
prejudiced; prejudicing

Definition of prejudice (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to injure or damage by some judgment or action (as in a case of law)

2 : to cause to have prejudice

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Choose the Right Synonym for prejudice

Noun

predilection, prepossession, prejudice, bias mean an attitude of mind that predisposes one to favor something. predilection implies a strong liking deriving from one's temperament or experience. a predilection for travel prepossession suggests a fixed conception likely to preclude objective judgment of anything counter to it. a prepossession against technology prejudice usually implies an unfavorable prepossession and connotes a feeling rooted in suspicion, fear, or intolerance. a mindless prejudice against the unfamiliar bias implies an unreasoned and unfair distortion of judgment in favor of or against a person or thing. a strong bias toward the plaintiff

Prejudice: For or Against?

Although prejudice, with its connotations of intolerance , implies a negative bias, the word can be used in positive constructions:

I, too, appreciate projects that treat a difficult subject with rigor, although I'll confess to harboring a bit of prejudice toward thing-biographies.
Adam Baer, Harper's, May 2011

That's true for the participial adjective prejudiced as well:

“The question itself as posed in the survey obviously is prejudiced in favor of the program,” said Tod Story, executive director of the American Civil Liberties Union of Nevada.
Neal Morton, Las Vegas Review Journal, 2 Aug. 2016

In negative constructions, prejudice and prejudiced often precede against:

Lee County Circuit Judge Jacob Walker on Tuesday ruled that claims of juror misconduct by former House Speaker Mike Hubbard failed to show that the jury was prejudiced against Hubbard.
Mike Cason, AL.com, 19 Oct. 2016

Examples of prejudice in a Sentence

Noun

But today most black Americans not hampered by poverty or prejudice take for granted their right to study Italian, listen to Britney Spears or opera, play in the NHL, eat Thai food, live anywhere, work anywhere, play anywhere, read and think and say anything. — Stephan Talty, Mulatto America, 2003 It is easy to suppose at this late date that there is barely any overt racism left in the United States,  … Kennedy's catalog of mundane cases of explicit anti-black prejudice provides ample illustration of what lurks beneath the surface politeness of many whites. — John McWhorter, New Republic, 14 Jan. 2002 The boundaries between hate and prejudice and between prejudice and opinion and between opinion and truth are so complicated and blurred that any attempt to construct legal and political fire walls is a doomed and illiberal venture. — Andrew Sullivan, New York Times Magazine, 26 Sept. 1999 When my mother, who, unlike my father, was Jewish, encountered unpleasant social prejudice during my high-school years, I acquired a second marginal identity. — Carl E. Schorske, Thinking with History, 1998 The organization fights against racial prejudice. religious, racial, and sexual prejudices We tend to make these kinds of decisions according to our own prejudices. He has a prejudice against fast-food restaurants.

Verb

Paul Revere … engraved the drawing and printed hundreds of vividly colored copies, which traveled throughout the colonies. Well might one judge at Captain Preston's trial complain that "there has been a great deal done to prejudice the People against the Prisoner." — Hiller B. Zobel, American Heritage, July/August 1995 My friends would have had me delay my departure, but fearful of prejudicing my employers against me by such want of punctuality at the commencement of my undertaking, I persisted in keeping the appointment. — Anne Brontë, Agnes Grey, 1847 all the bad stories I had heard about the incoming CEO prejudiced me against him even before the first meeting
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

After Davis’ last trial ended in mistrial on June 21, Finegar said previously the case should have been dismissed with prejudice. Jessica Anderson, baltimoresun.com, "Baltimore State's Attorney's Office still assessing whether it will pursue fourth Keith Davis trial," 11 July 2018 Both Justice Kennedy and Justice Scalia were appointed by a President who understood that the best defense of our liberty and a judicial branch immune from political prejudice where judges that apply the Constitution as written. Brian Bennett, Time, "How President Trump’s Supreme Court Pick Could Change the U.S.," 10 July 2018 The charge was dismissed with prejudice, meaning the prosecutor's office cannot refile the charge. Brooke Crum, USA TODAY, "Missouri Gov. Eric Greitens offered to resign in exchange for dropping criminal charge," 30 May 2018 Bangtan, which literally means bulletproof in Korean, was born out of the will to protect teenagers from prejudice and oppression. Mitchell Peters, Billboard, "South Korean President Moon Jae-in Congratulates BTS on First No. 1 Album," 28 May 2018 Jefferson County Circuit Judge Jim Hughey III dissolved the temporary restraining order in place that prevented ballots being printed, and dismissed Bill Veitch and Elizabeth Watkins' cases with prejudice. Ivana Hrynkiw, AL.com, "Judge dismisses case of Jefferson County candidates who wanted ballots changed," 20 Apr. 2018 Ryan Kavanaugh has beat a $110 million film financing lawsuit, as a New York judge dismissed with prejudice a 2015 lawsuit against the Relativity co-founder. Ashley Cullins, The Hollywood Reporter, "Ryan Kavanaugh Beats $110M Film Finance Fraud Suit," 8 Mar. 2018 Now, all charges against Kansas Lavarnia have been dropped, without prejudice, as is the custom of the Maricopa County Attorney's Office. Michael Kiefer, azcentral, "Mother of fatally shot Phoenix boy wants grand jury to reconsider murder charges," 11 July 2018 Who better to help dispel whatever myths and prejudices still remain than two of the nation’s most revered chefs. Christina Pérez, Vogue, "Vegetarian Grilling Ideas Sure To Impress Even The Judge-iest BBQ Guests," 3 July 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Manafort's attorneys have argued that the intense media coverage of their client's case has saturated the potential jury pool, potentially prejudicing jurors against Manafort. Kevin Johnson, USA TODAY, "Manafort trial judge seeks government response to venue change, delay requests," 10 July 2018 Defence attorneys face a battle to prevent global revulsion against David and Louise Turpin from prejudicing their court case. Dipesh Navsaria, Houston Chronicle, "What parents should know to prevent — and deal with — bug bites," 6 July 2018 The Chinese foreign ministry said in December that Turnbull's remarks were prejudiced against China and had poisoned the atmosphere of China-Australia relations. Rod Mcguirk, Fox News, "Australia bans covert foreign interference in politics," 28 June 2018 Typically, the White House avoids interfering in criminal justice matters to ensure that such cases aren’t politicized or prejudiced. Byron Tau, WSJ, "Senate Staffer Accused of Lying to FBI Requests Trump Gag Order," 19 June 2018 The law in England and Wales places restrictions on what can be reported during trials in order to avoid prejudicing a jury, and in this case the media was forbidden to report any details. Siobhan Morrin, Time, "Why Tommy Robinson Was Jailed, and Why U.S. Rightwingers Care," 29 May 2018 The Chinese foreign ministry said in December that Turnbull's remarks were prejudiced against China and had poisoned the atmosphere of China-Australia relations. Rod Mcguirk, Fox News, "Australia bans covert foreign interference in politics," 28 June 2018 The group insist the police investigators are prejudiced, owing to their Muslim faith, and that the men arrested are innocent. Steve George, CNN, "Rape cases spark political protest movement in India," 16 Apr. 2018 The Chinese foreign ministry said in December that Turnbull's remarks were prejudiced against China and had poisoned the atmosphere of China-Australia relations. Rod Mcguirk, Fox News, "Australia bans covert foreign interference in politics," 28 June 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'prejudice.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of prejudice

Noun

13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Verb

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for prejudice

Noun

Middle English, from Anglo-French, from Latin praejudicium previous judgment, damage, from prae- + judicium judgment — more at judicial

Verb

see prejudice entry 1

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Statistics for prejudice

Last Updated

6 Nov 2018

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for prejudice

The first known use of prejudice was in the 13th century

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More Definitions for prejudice

prejudice

noun

English Language Learners Definition of prejudice

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: an unfair feeling of dislike for a person or group because of race, sex, religion, etc.

: a feeling of like or dislike for someone or something especially when it is not reasonable or logical

prejudice

verb

English Language Learners Definition of prejudice (Entry 2 of 2)

: to cause (someone) to have an unfair feeling of dislike for someone or something

: to have a harmful effect on (something, such as a legal case)

prejudice

noun
prej·​u·​dice | \ˈpre-jə-dəs \

Kids Definition of prejudice

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a liking or dislike for one rather than another especially without good reason She has a prejudice against department stores.

2 : a feeling of unfair dislike directed against an individual or a group because of some characteristic (as race or religion)

3 : injury or damage to a person's rights

prejudice

verb
prejudiced; prejudicing

Kids Definition of prejudice (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : to cause to have an unfair dislike of The incident prejudiced them against the company.

2 : to cause damage to (as a person's rights) Newspaper stories prejudiced the upcoming trial.

prejudice

noun
prej·​u·​dice | \ˈpre-jə-dəs \

Legal Definition of prejudice 

(Entry 1 of 2)

1 : injury or detriment to one's legal rights or claims (as from the action of another): as

a : substantial impairment of a defendant's ability to defend the court found no prejudice to the defendant by the lengthy delay in bringing charges

b : tendency for a decision on an improper basis (as past conduct) by a trier of fact whether an ex parte communication to a deliberating jury resulted in any reasonable possibility of prejudice to the defendantNational Law Journal

c : implied waiver of rights and privileges not explicitly retained District Court erred in attaching prejudice to prisoner's complaint for injunctive reliefNational Law Journal

2 : a final and binding decision (as an adjudication on the merits) that bars further prosecution of the same cause of action or motion dismisses this case with prejudice the dismissal was without prejudice

3a : an irrational attitude of hostility directed against an individual, a group, a race, or their supposed characteristics the Constitution does not prohibit laws based on prejudice per se— R. H. Bork

b : an attitude or disposition (as of a judge) that prevents impartiality that the judge before whom the matter is pending has a personal bias or prejudice…against himU.S. Code

prejudice

transitive verb
prejudiced; prejudicing

Legal Definition of prejudice (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : to injure or damage the rights of by some legal action or prejudice if the joinder of offenses or defendants…appears to prejudice a defendant or the governmentFederal Rules of Criminal Procedure Rule 14

2 : to injure or damage (rights) by some legal action or prejudice that the denial prejudiced his right to a fair trial this clause does not prejudice other rights

History and Etymology for prejudice

Noun

Old French, from Latin praejudicium previous judgment, damage, from prae- before + judicium judgment

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