predispose

play
verb pre·dis·pose \ˌprē-di-ˈspōz\

Definition of predispose

  1. transitive verb
  2. 1 :  to dispose in advance a good teacher predisposes children to learn

  3. 2 :  to make susceptible malnutrition predisposes one to disease

  4. intransitive verb
  5. :  to bring about susceptibility

predisposition

play \ˌprē-ˌdis-pə-ˈzi-shən\ noun

Examples of predispose in a Sentence

  1. Past experiences have predisposed her to distrust people.

What is the difference between disposition and predisposition?

What exactly is someone's disposition? And is it different from a predisposition? A person's disposition is his or her usual mood or attitude. Are you typically pretty happy? You could be described as having a happy—or cheerful, or sunny—disposition. Animals have dispositions too; a dog with a nervous disposition doesn't easily relax into a restful pup curled up at someone’s feet. In this use, disposition is a synonym of temperament; both words refer to the complex set of attitudes and inclinations that guide behavior.

Disposition can also mean "tendency" or "inclination," and in such cases it has a surprising synonym: predisposition. A disposition to exaggerate is the same as a predisposition to exaggerate. A disposition toward humility is likewise the same thing as a predisposition toward humility. The fact of being "in advance" that the prefix pre- implies hardly matters when tendency and inclination are concerned, since both concern what is likely to happen in the future.

While phrases like "a disposition to cooperate" are about as common as "a predisposition to cooperate," when the context is medical, predisposition is far more common. Phrases like "a genetic predisposition to nearsightedness" appear much more frequently in published, edited text than similar phrases employing disposition.

Did You Know?

Predispose usually means putting someone in a frame of mind to be willing to do something. So a longtime belief in the essential goodness of people, for example, will predispose us to trust a stranger. Teachers know that coming from a stable family generally predisposes children to learn. And viewing television violence for years may leave young people with a predisposition to accept real violence as normal. The medical sense of the word is similar. Thus, a person's genes may predispose her to diabetes or arthritis, and malnutrition over a long period can predispose you to all kinds of infections.

1646

First Known Use of predispose

1646

Synonym Discussion of predispose

incline, bias, dispose, predispose mean to influence one to have or take an attitude toward something. incline implies a tendency to favor one of two or more actions or conclusions. I incline to agree bias suggests a settled and predictable leaning in one direction and connotes unfair prejudice. the experience biased him against foreigners dispose suggests an affecting of one's mood or temper so as to incline one toward something. her nature disposes her to trust others predispose implies the operation of a disposing influence well in advance of the opportunity to manifest itself. does fictional violence predispose them to accept real violence?

PREDISPOSE Defined for English Language Learners

predispose

play
verb pre·dis·pose \ˌprē-di-ˈspōz\

Definition of predispose for English Language Learners

  • : to cause (someone) to be more likely to behave in a particular way or to be affected by a particular condition


Medical Dictionary

predispose

play
verb pre·dis·pose \ˌprēd-is-ˈpōz\

Medical Definition of predispose

predisposed

;

predisposing

  1. transitive verb

  2. :  to make susceptible malnutrition predisposes one to disease

  3. intransitive verb

  4. :  to bring about susceptibility conditions that predispose to infection


Law Dictionary

predispose

play
transitive verb pre·dis·pose \ˌprē-di-ˈspōz\

Legal Definition of predispose

predisposed

predisposing

  1. :  to dispose or incline in advance; specifically :  to make ready and willing to commit a crime have been predisposed to engage in criminal behavior — W. R. LaFave and J. H. Israel

predisposition

\ˌprē-ˌdis-pə-ˈzi-shən\ play noun

Additional Notes on predispose

Predisposition on the part of a defendant vitiates the defense of entrapment.



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