pending

preposition
pend·​ing | \ ˈpen-diŋ How to pronounce pending (audio) \

Definition of pending

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : during their opportunity to develop trade pending the laborious and fruitless negotiations— Theodore Hsi-En Chen
2 : while awaiting pending approval were held in custody pending trial

pending

adjective

Definition of pending (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : not yet decided : being in continuance the case is still pending

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Synonyms & Antonyms for pending

Synonyms: Preposition

amid (or amidst), by, during, over, through, throughout

Synonyms: Adjective

open, undecided, undetermined, unresolved, unsettled

Antonyms: Adjective

decided, determined, resolved, settled

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Examples of pending in a Sentence

Preposition

He is being held in jail pending trial. She received a four-year sentence and is currently out on bail pending appeal.

Adjective

The results of the investigation are pending. There are lawsuits pending against the company.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Preposition

Although a federal judge issued an injunction to keep the program alive pending higher court review, the young immigrants stand to lose their right to work, travel and attend school. Carolyn Lochhead, San Francisco Chronicle, "Trump’s immigration plan puts Democrats in a vise," 27 Jan. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

The most significant pending shock is the likelihood that China is on the cusp of being a net importer of goods and services. Therese Shaheen, National Review, "China’s ‘New Long March’," 5 June 2019 Index heavyweight Tencent Holdings rose more than 4% after China cleared some of its pending game approvals following the end of a regulatory freeze. Corrie Driebusch, WSJ, "U.S. Stocks End the Week With Gains," 25 Jan. 2019 What’s more, banks may have less incentive to hold on to servicing rights because pending rules could force them to hold more capital as a result. Ben Eisen, WSJ, "The Hot Trade in the Housing Market: Servicing Your Mortgage," 13 Feb. 2019 The board has 1,200 pending recommendations that have not been acted on by agencies including the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration and the Federal Aviation Administration. David Koenig, The Seattle Times, "Safety board highlights need for transportation improvements," 4 Feb. 2019 The deal resolves all the pending charges against Manafort, effectively clearing the decks for both him and the Mueller investigation, moving the probe into a new phase, and delivering its highest-profile cooperator yet. Andrew Prokop, Vox, "Paul Manafort’s flip is a major turning point in the Mueller investigation," 14 Sep. 2018 If not, what about those on nonimmigrant visas with pending applications for green cards or citizenship? Dara Lind, Vox, "Birthright citizenship, explained: why some on the right want to end it, and what they get wrong," 23 July 2018 Whether Jones’ exit has ties to the pending results of the federal inspection — which wrapped up May 25 — is unclear. Walker Orenstein, The Seattle Times, "Interim chief to leave Western State Hospital as $53M federal funding decision lies ahead," 10 June 2018 The pending rules would affect women with testosterone levels of five nanomoles per liter and above. Jeré Longman, New York Times, "Did Flawed Data Lead Track Astray on Testosterone in Women?," 12 July 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'pending.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of pending

Preposition

1642, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Adjective

1643, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for pending

Preposition and Adjective

French pendant, from present participle of pendre

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Learn More about pending

Dictionary Entries near pending

Penderecki

pendicle

pendill

pending

pendle

Pend Oreille

pendragon

Statistics for pending

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for pending

The first known use of pending was in 1642

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More Definitions for pending

pending

preposition

English Language Learners Definition of pending

 (Entry 1 of 2)

formal : while waiting for (something)

pending

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of pending (Entry 2 of 2)

formal
: not yet decided or acted on
: happening or likely to happen soon

pending

preposition
pend·​ing | \ ˈpen-diŋ How to pronounce pending (audio) \

Kids Definition of pending

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: while waiting for He's in jail pending a trial.

pending

adjective

Kids Definition of pending (Entry 2 of 2)

: not yet decided The lawsuit is pending.

pending

preposition
pend·​ing | \ ˈpen-diŋ How to pronounce pending (audio) \

Legal Definition of pending

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : during the time of
2 : while awaiting : in the time preceding held in escrow pending the outcome of the suit free pending trial

pending

adjective

Legal Definition of pending (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : not yet decided a pending suit
2 : to occur or be realized soon

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More from Merriam-Webster on pending

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with pending

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for pending

Spanish Central: Translation of pending

Nglish: Translation of pending for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of pending for Arabic Speakers

Comments on pending

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