orris root


or·​ris root ˈȯr-əs- How to pronounce orris root (audio)
variants or less commonly orris
ˈȯr-əs How to pronounce orris root (audio)
: the fragrant rootstock of any of three European irises (Iris florentina, I. germanica, and I. pallida) used especially in perfumery

Example Sentences

Recent Examples on the Web Meant to be reminiscent of inspirational voyages, the juice tells that story with green mandarin, incense, amber, orris root, tobacco leaves, oud, suede and smoked musk. Celia Shatzman, Forbes, 21 Oct. 2021 This is an Old Tom-style gin that is infused with 10 botanicals: honey, juniper, hibiscus, coriander, honey malt, Szechuan peppercorn, orris root, orange peel, lemon peel and angelica root. Jonah Flicker, Robb Report, 27 Oct. 2022 In this fragrance’s heart are spicy and warm notes of nutmeg, pimento and orris root. Grooming Playbook, The Salt Lake Tribune, 7 Nov. 2022 The distillery also uses orris root, cinnamon, goldenrod, licorice, Persian lime, angelica, coriander, bitter orange peel, and lemon peel in its botanical blend. Maggie Menderski, The Courier-Journal, 19 July 2022 Beefeater uses seven botanicals in their gin recipe: juniper, angelica seeds and root, coriander seeds, Seville orange peel, lemon peel, licorice, almonds and orris root. Joseph V Micallef, Forbes, 26 Apr. 2022 The brand’s scents are named for cities, from Amsterdam, which combines a note of the city’s tulips and rain with a warmer base of woods and spice, to Bukhara in Uzbekistan, a homage to the ancient silk road centered on orris root. Alexander Freeling, Robb Report, 22 Dec. 2021 One features lime, coconut and orris root intended to complement London dry gins like Salcombe’s own Start Point, while the other, orange and rockrose-based version is ideal with pink gins, like its Rosé Sainte Marie. Mark Ellwood, Robb Report, 18 Dec. 2021 The magnetic heart of orris root and ciste abs center around significant notes of tobacco leaves. Joseph Deacetis, Forbes, 5 Nov. 2021 See More

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'orris root.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History


orris, earlier oreys, arras, probably altered from Latin īris iris entry 1, though alteration of vowels is unexplained

First Known Use

1598, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of orris root was in 1598

Dictionary Entries Near orris root

Cite this Entry

“Orris root.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/orris%20root. Accessed 30 May. 2023.

Medical Definition

orris root

: the fragrant rootstock of any of three European irises (Iris pallida, I. florentina, and I. germanica) used in pulverized form in perfumery and pharmacology

called also orris

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