oro·​graph·​ic ˌȯr-ə-ˈgra-fik How to pronounce orographic (audio)
variants or less commonly orographical
: of or relating to mountains
especially : associated with or induced by the presence of mountains
orographic rainfall

Example Sentences

Recent Examples on the Web Depending on wind direction, orographic lifting can generate turbulence, which is uncomfortable in cruise flight but challenging during an approach. Les Abend, CNN, 17 Jan. 2023 Yes, the storms ultimately produce significant precipitation at landfall through meteorological processes, orographic lift associated with mountains, and so forth. Marshall Shepherd, Forbes, 7 Jan. 2023 An orographic cirrus cloud formation on the eastern side of the Rocky Mountains, as seen at night by the Suomi NPP satellite on 12/18/13. Tom Yulsman, Discover Magazine, 20 Dec. 2013 The white stuff that seems to streak off the mountaintops comprise what's known as orographic cirrus clouds. Tom Yulsman, Discover Magazine, 20 Dec. 2013 This is bittersweet for California Storms that solely rely on orographic lift normally bring an unequal distribution of rain chances that leave the Central Valley bone-dry. Gerry Díaz, San Francisco Chronicle, 31 Oct. 2022 Moreover, the new zoning of the D.O. Cava has been established on two levels, marked by specific climatic, orographic, historical, and cultural attributes that justify the new plan and lend these wines their unique identity. John Mariani, Forbes, 5 Nov. 2021 This effect of forcing air to rise due to land elevation is called orographic uplift and is responsible for the biggest snowstorms in cities like Denver and Boulder. Jeff Berardelli, CBS News, 11 Mar. 2021 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'orographic.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Word History

First Known Use

1803, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of orographic was in 1803

Dictionary Entries Near orographic

Cite this Entry

“Orographic.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/orographic. Accessed 30 Jan. 2023.

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