microbiome

noun
mi·​cro·​bi·​ome | \ ˌmī-krō-ˈbī-ˌōm How to pronounce microbiome (audio) \

Definition of microbiome

1 : a community of microorganisms (such as bacteria, fungi, and viruses) that inhabit a particular environment and especially the collection of microorganisms living in or on the human body Your body is home to about 100 trillion bacteria and other microbes, collectively known as your microbiome.— Carl Zimmer … what's arguably become the hottest area of medicine: microbiome research, an emerging field that's investigating how the bacteria that live in and on our bodies affect our health.— Sunny Sea Gold
2 : the collective genomes of microorganisms inhabiting a particular environment and especially the human body They form one community among the many that make up the human microbiome: the full genetic complement of bacteria and other organisms at home on your skin, gums, and teeth, in your genital tract, and especially in your gut.— Nathan Wolfe

Examples of microbiome in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Since research shows that women are more likely to experience gastrointestinal issues than men and because a healthy vaginal microbiome is important, probiotics can be especially important for the female population. Stefani Sassos, Ms, Rdn, Cso, Cdn, Nasm-cpt, Good Housekeeping, 13 July 2022 Being a probiotic, Lactobacillus provides a healthy mix of good bacteria to help maintain the skin microbiome, the beneficial bacteria living on the skin. Grooming Playbook, The Salt Lake Tribune, 11 May 2022 Probiotics can help restore balance in your gut microbiome, which can lead to improvements in digestion, immunity, skin health, and more. The Salt Lake Tribune, 25 May 2022 To what extent do genetics decide what our microbiome looks like? USA Today, 23 May 2022 Beauty and the Biome Skin-care products with a focus on the microbiome. Fiorella Valdesolo, WSJ, 8 June 2021 Nine out of 10 bran-fed worms successfully grew into beetles and maintained the most diverse gut microbiome of all three groups. Fionna Samuels, Scientific American, 9 June 2022 Sake extract supports the microbiome of the skin and protects the skin barrier. Grooming Playbook, The Salt Lake Tribune, 24 May 2022 To what extent do genetics decide what our microbiome looks like? USA Today, 23 May 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'microbiome.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of microbiome

1952, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for microbiome

micro- + biome

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Time Traveler for microbiome

Time Traveler

The first known use of microbiome was in 1952

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Dictionary Entries Near microbiome

microbiology

microbiome

microbion

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Last Updated

9 Aug 2022

Cite this Entry

“Microbiome.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/microbiome. Accessed 10 Aug. 2022.

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More Definitions for microbiome

microbiome

noun
mi·​cro·​bi·​ome | \ ˌmī-krō-ˈbī-ˌōm How to pronounce microbiome (audio) \

Medical Definition of microbiome

1 : a community of microorganisms (such as bacteria, fungi, and viruses) that inhabit a particular environment and especially the collection of microorganisms living in or on the human body The intestinal microbiome consists of the microorganisms that inhabit the gut.— Clara Abraham et al., The New England Journal of Medicine Collectively known as the microbiome, this community may play a role in regulating one's risk of obesity, asthma and allergies.— Carrie Arnold, Scientific American The human oral microbiome comprises all microbial species in the oral cavity.— Naomi P. O'Grady, The Journal of the American Medical Association
2 : the collective genomes of microorganisms inhabiting a particular environment and especially the human body As part of a new citizen-science initiative called the American Gut project, the lab sequenced my microbiome—that is, the genes not of "me," exactly, but of the several hundred microbial species with whom I share this body.— Michael Pollan, The New York Times Together, the genomes of these microbial symbionts (collectively defined as the microbiome) provide traits that humans did not need to evolve on their own.— Peter J. Turnbaugh et al., Nature

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