1

lighten

play
verb light·en \ˈlī-tən\

Definition of lighten

lightened

lightening

play \ˈlīt-niŋ, ˈlī-tən-iŋ\
  1. transitive verb
  2. 1 :  to make light or clear :  illuminate

  3. 2 archaic :  enlighten

  4. 3 :  to make (as a color) lighter

  5. intransitive verb
  6. 1 a archaic :  to shine brightly b :  to grow lighter :  brighten

  7. 2 :  to give out flashes of lightning

lightener

play \ˈlīt-nər, ˈlī-tən-ər\ noun

Origin and Etymology of lighten

Middle English lightenen, from light


First Known Use: 14th century


2

lighten

verb light·en

Definition of lighten

lightened

lightening

play \ˈlīt-niŋ, ˈlī-tən-iŋ\
  1. transitive verb
  2. 1 a :  to relieve of a burden in whole or in part <the news lightened his mind> b :  to reduce in weight or quantity :  lessen c :  to make less wearisome :  alleviate <lighten our sorrow>

  3. 2 :  cheer, gladden

  4. intransitive verb
  5. 1 :  to become lighter or less burdensome

  6. 2 :  to become more cheerful

lightener

play \ˈlīt-nər, ˈlī-tən-ər\ noun

14th Century

First Known Use of lighten

14th century

Synonym Discussion of lighten

relieve, alleviate, lighten, assuage, mitigate, allay mean to make something less grievous. relieve implies a lifting of enough of a burden to make it tolerable <took an aspirin to relieve the pain>. alleviate implies temporary or partial lessening of pain or distress <the lotion alleviated the itching>. lighten implies reducing a burdensome or depressing weight <good news would lighten our worries>. assuage implies softening or sweetening what is harsh or disagreeable <ocean breezes assuaged the intense heat>. mitigate suggests a moderating or countering of the effect of something violent or painful <the need to mitigate barbaric laws>. allay implies an effective calming or soothing of fears or alarms <allayed their fears>.

LIGHTEN Defined for Kids

1

lighten

play
verb light·en \ˈlī-tən\

Definition of lighten for Students

lightened

lightening

  1. :  to make or become lighter, brighter, or clearer

lightener

noun

2

lighten

play
verb light·en

Definition of lighten for Students

lightened

lightening

  1. 1 :  to make or become less heavy

  2. 2 :  to make less sad or serious <A joke lightened the mood.>

lightener

noun


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