ju·​nior | \ ˈjün-yər How to pronounce junior (audio) \

Definition of junior

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : less advanced in age : younger used chiefly to distinguish a son with the same given name as his father
b(1) : youthful
(2) : designed for young people and especially adolescents
c : of more recent date and therefore inferior or subordinate a junior lien
2 : of or relating to juniors or the class of juniors at an educational institution the junior prom
3a : lower in standing or rank junior partners
b : duplicating or suggesting on a smaller scale something typically large or powerful a junior gale



Definition of junior (Entry 2 of 2)

1a(1) : a person who is younger than another a man six years my junior
(2) : a male child : son
(3) : a young person
b : a clothing size for women and girls with slight figures
2a : a student in the next-to-the-last year before graduating from an educational institution
b : a person holding a lower position in a hierarchy of ranks
3 capitalized : a member of a program of the Girl Scouts for girls in the third through sixth grades in school

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Synonyms & Antonyms for junior

Synonyms: Adjective

inferior, less, lesser, lower, minor, smaller, subordinate

Synonyms: Noun

inferior, subordinate, underling

Antonyms: Adjective

greater, higher, major, more, primary, prime, senior, superior, superordinate

Antonyms: Noun

senior, superior

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Examples of junior in a Sentence


She is a junior partner in the law firm. junior advisers to the governor


They are my juniors in rank. She's a junior at the state college.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

Brink, just 5-foot-8 and 165 pounds, is coming off a massive rookie season in North America’s only Tier 1 junior-A league. Mike Chambers, The Denver Post, "Denver-bound Bobby Brink, only 17, might make enticing first-round pick for Avalanche," 12 June 2019 In recent years, Tibbits’ golf competition has consisted of college, amateur and junior tournaments. oregonlive.com, "Oregon State’s Spencer Tibbits at Pebble Beach U.S. Open: I’m going to do my best to take them down," 11 June 2019 Senior Anne Marie Rhoda would score a few minutes later for the Raiders and junior Kiera Ryan followed later, but Eden Prairie went into the half leading 15-4. David Mullen, Twin Cities, "Girls lacrosse: Luci Selander shows promise in Cretin-Derham Hall’s loss," 11 June 2019 Sheklow, a junior defender, finished with 31 ground balls and controlled 90 draws. Charles Rich, latimes.com, "Glendale, Crescenta Valley girls' lacrosse receive All-Pacific League nods," 11 June 2019 There will also be a junior racers slot open at 8:45 a.m. for those who are at least 7 years old and 48 inches tall. Noelle Zielinski, Cincinnati.com, "Soon, you can play real-life Mario Kart in Cincinnati. No, really.," 11 June 2019 The team also needs new passing options to emerge for the junior quarterback. orlandosentinel.com, "2019 College Football Rankings: No. 76 Utah State hopes Gary Andersen’s returns brings more wins," 10 June 2019 There’s a connection between that junior-partner role and the larger retreat of religious conservatism in American politics and culture. Isaac Chotiner, The New Yorker, "Ross Douthat Describes the Crisis of the Conservative Coalition," 7 June 2019 DeMarco induced a line drive to junior first baseman Kyler Brown for a double play to end that threat and retired St. Rita in order in the seventh, closing out a 6-4 victory in the Class 4A state semifinals at DuPage Medical Group Field in Joliet. Paul Johnson, Elgin Courier-News, "Nick's time: Notre Dame recruit Nick DeMarco closes out St. Charles North’s 4A semifinal win," 7 June 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Rachel Barcellona, a junior at the University of South Florida, will compete alongside 34 other women on June 25 for the crown. Alexis Reliford, refinery29.com, "Rachel Barcellona Makes History As The First Miss Florida Contestant With Autism," 10 June 2019 Adam Semprevivo, a junior at Georgetown, filed suit to prevent the university from kicking him out and nullifying his college credits. Martha Ross, The Mercury News, "Could Lori Loughlin sue USC? Prosecutors and USC hint at potential litigation," 7 June 2019 Henley, a junior at UT, owned a 6-4 record and 3.54 ERA in 13 starts for the Longhorns this season. Brian Gosset, star-telegram, "Former Arlington Heights pitcher, all-area player of the year, drafted by the Astros," 4 June 2019 Kaiser was coached by Maddie Baldikoski and Grace Fay, who are both juniors at Newport Harbor High. Matt Szabo, latimes.com, "Daily Pilot Cup: Harbor View completes dominant run to title," 4 June 2018 But here's the remarkable part: While Denton was a professional archaeologist, Nesbitt was merely a high-school junior at the time. David Grossman, Popular Mechanics, "New Tiny T-Rex Cousin Discovered," 6 May 2019 Grace Madigan is a junior at the University of Washington studying political science, journalism and diversity. Grace Madigan, The Seattle Times, "Student Voices: There is power in seeing yourself at the front of a classroom," 29 Mar. 2019 But Deatherage struggled as a junior, hitting .218. Jeff Seidel, Detroit Free Press, "Tigers outfield prospect Brock Deatherage a 'Kirk Gibson guy'," 13 July 2018 Roth, 16, a junior, hopes to study business in college and become an entrepreneur, following the lead of his father, who started a parking lot company in Brazil. Shayne Benowitz, miamiherald, "Teen concept could end deaths of children left in cars, saving dozens each year | Miami Herald," 2 May 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'junior.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of junior


13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a


1526, in the meaning defined at sense 1a(1)

History and Etymology for junior


Middle English, from Latin, comparative of juvenis young — more at young


Latin, noun & adjective

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Statistics for junior

Last Updated

15 Jun 2019

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Time Traveler for junior

The first known use of junior was in the 13th century

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More Definitions for junior



English Language Learners Definition of junior

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: younger in age
: lower in standing or rank
: designed for or done by young people



English Language Learners Definition of junior (Entry 2 of 2)

: a person who is younger than another person
: a person who is of a lower rank than another person
US : a student in the third of four years in a high school or college


ju·​nior | \ ˈjün-yər How to pronounce junior (audio) \

Kids Definition of junior

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : being younger used to distinguish a son from a father with the same name John Doe, Junior
2 : lower in rank a junior associate
3 : of or relating to students in the next-to-last year at a high school, college, or university the junior class



Kids Definition of junior (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : a person who is younger or lower in rank than another He is two years my junior.
2 : a student in the next-to-last year at a high school, college, or university


ju·​nior | \ ˈjü-nyər How to pronounce junior (audio) \

Legal Definition of junior

: of lower standing or rank a junior lienholder

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More from Merriam-Webster on junior

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for junior

Spanish Central: Translation of junior

Nglish: Translation of junior for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of junior for Arabic Speakers

Comments on junior

What made you want to look up junior? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


to move with exaggerated bouncy motions

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