interneuron

noun
in·​ter·​neu·​ron | \ ˌin-tər-ˈnu̇r-ˌän How to pronounce interneuron (audio) , -ˈnyu̇r- How to pronounce interneuron (audio) \

Definition of interneuron

: a neuron that conveys impulses from one neuron to another

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Other Words from interneuron

interneuronal \ ˌin-​tər-​ˈnu̇r-​ə-​nᵊl How to pronounce interneuronal (audio) , -​ˈnyu̇r-​ ; -​nu̇-​ˈrō-​ , -​nyu̇-​ˈrō-​ \ adjective

Examples of interneuron in a Sentence

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For example, in the human cortex, about 20 percent of the neurons — the ones called interneurons, which have inhibitory effects — migrate there from a center deeper down in the brain called the medial ganglionic eminence (MGE). Quanta Magazine, "Mini-Brains Go Modular," 9 Aug. 2017 An oversimplified organoid model for the cortex would be missing all those interneurons and would therefore be useless for studying how the developing brain balances its excitatory and inhibitory signals. Quanta Magazine, "Mini-Brains Go Modular," 9 Aug. 2017 Picking one, MiR206, for closer examination, the two researchers created a mouse strain in which the gene for MiR206 was switched off in the parvalbumin interneurons. The Economist, "The generation gameThe ramifications of a new type of gene," 22 Feb. 2018 He and his colleague Molly Heyer therefore looked at the role of these micro-RNAs in regulating brain cells called parvalbumin interneurons, which are thought to be involved in schizophrenia. The Economist, "The generation gameThe ramifications of a new type of gene," 22 Feb. 2018 Yang and his team also found that SOM and PV interneurons had less activity. Beth Mole, Ars Technica, "Scientists come up with neural mechanism—and possible fix—for chronic pain," 27 June 2017 Around those pain-signaling neurons are several types of interneurons that precisely regulate and control pain signals. Beth Mole, Ars Technica, "Scientists come up with neural mechanism—and possible fix—for chronic pain," 27 June 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'interneuron.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of interneuron

1938, in the meaning defined above

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The first known use of interneuron was in 1938

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More Definitions for interneuron

interneuron

noun
in·​ter·​neu·​ron | \ ˌint-ər-ˈn(y)ü-ˌrän How to pronounce interneuron (audio) , -ˈn(y)u̇(ə)r-ˌän How to pronounce interneuron (audio) \
variants: or British interneurone \ -​ˈnyu̇r-​ōn How to pronounce interneurone (audio) \

Medical Definition of interneuron

: a neuron that conveys impulses from one neuron to another

called also association neuron, associative neuron, internuncial, internuncial neuron

— compare motor neuron, sensory neuron

Other Words from interneuron

interneuronal \ -​ˈn(y)u̇r-​ən-​ᵊl How to pronounce interneuronal (audio) , -​nyu̇-​ˈrōn-​ How to pronounce interneuronal (audio) \ adjective

More from Merriam-Webster on interneuron

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about interneuron

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