neuron

play
noun neu·ron \ˈnü-ˌrän, ˈnyü-; ˈnu̇r-ˌän, ˈnyu̇r-\

Definition of neuron

  1. :  a grayish or reddish granular cell that is the fundamental functional unit of nervous tissue transmitting and receiving nerve impulses and having cytoplasmic processes which are highly differentiated frequently as multiple dendrites or usually as solitary axons which conduct impulses to and away from the cell body :  nerve cell 1

neuronal

play play \ˈnu̇r-ə-nəl, ˈnyu̇r-; nu̇-ˈrō-nəl, nyu̇-\ or less commonly

neuronic

play \nu̇-ˈrä-nik, nyu̇-\ adjective

Illustration of neuron

Origin and Etymology of neuron

New Latin neuron, from Greek, nerve, sinew — more at nerve


First Known Use: 1891


NEURON Defined for English Language Learners

neuron

play
noun neu·ron \ˈnü-ˌrän, ˈnyü-; ˈnu̇r-ˌän, ˈnyu̇r-\

Definition of neuron for English Language Learners

  • medical : a cell that carries messages between the brain and other parts of the body and that is the basic unit of the nervous system


NEURON Defined for Kids

neuron

play
noun neu·ron \ˈnü-ˌrän, ˈnyü-\

Definition of neuron for Students


Medical Dictionary

noun neu·ron \ˈn(y)ü-ˌrän, ˈn(y)u̇(ə)r-ˌän\
variants: also

neurone

\-ˌrōn, -ˌōn\play

Medical Definition of neuron

  1. :  one of the cells that constitute nervous tissue, that have the property of transmitting and receiving nerve impulses, and that are composed of somewhat reddish or grayish protoplasm with a large nucleus containing a conspicuous nucleolus, irregular cytoplasmic granules, and cytoplasmic processes which are highly differentiated frequently as multiple dendrites or usually as solitary axons and which conduct impulses toward and away from the cell body :  nerve cell 1

neuronal

\ˈn(y)u̇r-ən-əl, n(y)u̇-ˈrōn-əl\play play also

neuronic

\n(y)u̇-ˈrän-ik\play adjective

Illustration of neuron



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