infraction

noun
in·​frac·​tion | \ in-ˈfrak-shən How to pronounce infraction (audio) \

Definition of infraction

: the act of infringing : violation

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Other Words from infraction

infract \ in-​ˈfrakt How to pronounce infract (audio) \ transitive verb

Did You Know?

An infraction is usually the breaking of a law, rule, or agreement. So a nation charged with an infraction of an international treaty will usually have to pay a penalty. In Federal law, an infraction is even smaller than a misdemeanor, and the only penalty is a fine. Most of us occasionally commit infractions of parking laws and get ticketed; speeding tickets are usually for infractions as well, though they go on a permanent record and can end up costing you money for years to come. The closely related word infringement generally refers to a violation of a right or privilege; use of another's writings without permission, for example, may be an infringement of the copyright.

Examples of infraction in a Sentence

speeding is only a minor infraction, but vehicular homicide is a serious felony

Recent Examples on the Web

Scrums serve as restarts for minor infractions, such as the team with possession knocking the ball forward. Tod Leonard, San Diego Union-Tribune, "Art of the scrum: Legion players explain rugby’s mysterious melee," 7 June 2019 Coach 1 said, according to the FBI complaint, given Louisville's NCAA infractions case relating to the previous escort scandal. Gentry Estes, The Courier-Journal, "Former Louisville assistant coach Jordan Fair is back coaching in AAU," 12 July 2018 The majority of the violations were for minor infractions, including incomplete child records. New York Times, "Inside the Former Walmart That Is Now a Shelter for Almost 1,500 Migrant Children," 14 June 2018 The upshot is that in the federal system alone, over 100,000 men and women are now subject to arrest for minor infractions and to imprisonment without the protections of the Bill of Rights. Jacob Schuman, The New Republic, "America’s Shadow Criminal Justice System," 30 May 2018 Implement independent investigation and adjudication for complex infractions cases. Ava Wallace, chicagotribune.com, "Breaking down the NCAA basketball report: The key word is 'recommendations'," 26 Apr. 2018 That said, this should provide a fascinating window into one of the highest-profile infractions cases in the NCAA’s history. Andy Staples, SI.com, "Expect Todd McNair’s Defamation Lawsuit to Get Messy for the NCAA," 18 Apr. 2018 Latkes, pastrami and matzo ball soup, none of which were tasted by the social media disparager, were also dismissed for minor infractions. Michael Nagrant, RedEye Chicago, "Steingold's is the Jewish deli of the future," 3 Dec. 2017 The Food and Drug Administration has validated some of these concerns, citing the catering companies for numerous food-safety infractions over the years. Noam Scheiber, New York Times, "11,000 People Who Prepare Your Airline Food Are Considering a Strike," 4 June 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'infraction.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of infraction

15th century, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for infraction

Middle English, from Medieval Latin infraction-, infractio, from Latin, subduing, from infringere to break — more at infringe

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Statistics for infraction

Last Updated

27 Jun 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for infraction

The first known use of infraction was in the 15th century

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More Definitions for infraction

infraction

noun

English Language Learners Definition of infraction

formal : an act that breaks a rule or law

infraction

noun
in·​frac·​tion | \ in-ˈfrak-shən How to pronounce infraction (audio) \

Kids Definition of infraction

: violation an infraction of the rules

infraction

noun
in·​frac·​tion | \ in-ˈfrak-shən How to pronounce infraction (audio) \

Legal Definition of infraction

: the act of infringing : violation

Other Words from infraction

infract \ -​ˈfrakt How to pronounce infract (audio) \ transitive verb

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