contraction

play
noun con·trac·tion \kən-ˈtrak-shən\

Definition of contraction

  1. 1a :  the action or process of contracting The hot metal undergoes contraction as it cools. :  the state of being contractedb :  the shortening and thickening of a functioning muscle or muscle fiberc :  a reduction in business activity or growthd :  the act of acquiring or incurring (something, such as a debt) or catching (something, such as an infection) contraction of pneumonia

  2. 2 :  a shortening of a word, syllable, or word group by omission of a sound or letter; also :  a form produced by such shortening “They'll” is a contraction for “they will.”

contractional

play \kən-ˈtrak-shnəl, -shə-nəl\ adjective

contractive

play play \kən-ˈtrak-tiv, ˈkän-ˌtrak-\ adjective

contractionary

play \kən-ˈtrak-shə-ˌner-ē\ adjective

Examples of contraction in a Sentence

  1. The hot metal undergoes contraction as it cools.

  2. Two teams were eliminated in the contraction of the baseball league.

  3. She felt contractions every two minutes.

Origin and Etymology of contraction

see 1contract


First Known Use: 15th century


CONTRACTION Defined for English Language Learners

contraction

play
noun con·trac·tion \kən-ˈtrak-shən\

Definition of contraction for English Language Learners

  • : the act or process of making something smaller or of becoming smaller

  • medical : a movement of a muscle that causes it to become tight and that is sometimes painful; especially : a movement of muscles in the womb when a woman is giving birth to a child

  • : a short form of a word or word group that is made by leaving out a sound or letter


CONTRACTION Defined for Kids

contraction

play
noun con·trac·tion \kən-ˈtrak-shən\

Definition of contraction for Students

  1. 1 :  the act, process, or result of making or becoming smaller or shorter and broader contraction of a muscle

  2. 2 :  a short form of a word or word group (as don't or they've) produced by leaving out a letter or letters


Medical Dictionary

contraction

play
noun con·trac·tion \kən-ˈtrak-shən\

Medical Definition of contraction

  1. 1:  the action or process of contracting :  the state of being contracted contraction of hepatitis lung expansion and contraction in breathing—P. G. Donohue

  2. 2:  the action of a functioning muscle or muscle fiber in which force is generated accompanied especially by shortening and thickening of the muscle or muscle fiber or sometimes by its lengthening isometric contraction isotonic contraction; especially :  the shortening and thickening of a functioning muscle or muscle fiber

  3. 3:  one of usually a series of rhythmic tightening actions of the uterine muscles (as during menstruation or labor)



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