in·​for·​ma·​tion | \ ˌin-fər-ˈmā-shən How to pronounce information (audio) \

Definition of information

1 : the communication or reception of knowledge or intelligence
2a(1) : knowledge obtained from investigation, study, or instruction
(3) : facts, data
b : the attribute inherent in and communicated by one of two or more alternative sequences or arrangements of something (such as nucleotides in DNA or binary digits in a computer program) that produce specific effects
c(1) : a signal or character (as in a communication system or computer) representing data
(2) : something (such as a message, experimental data, or a picture) which justifies change in a construct (such as a plan or theory) that represents physical or mental experience or another construct
d : a quantitative measure of the content of information specifically : a numerical quantity that measures the uncertainty in the outcome of an experiment to be performed
3 : the act of informing against a person
4 : a formal accusation of a crime made by a prosecuting officer as distinguished from an indictment presented by a grand jury

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Other Words from information

informational \ ˌin-​fər-​ˈmā-​shnəl How to pronounce informational (audio) , -​shə-​nᵊl \ adjective
informationally adverb

Synonyms for information


data, facts

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Choose the Right Synonym for information

information, knowledge, and learning mean what is or can be known. information may be used of a collection of facts gathered from many places. The book has a lot of information about baseball. knowledge is used for facts and ideas acquired by study, observation, or experience. She has a knowledge of birds. learning is used of knowledge acquired by long and careful study. The learning of a lifetime is in that book.

Examples of information in a Sentence

They're working to collect information about the early settlers in the region. The pamphlet provides a lot of information on recent changes to the tax laws. He gave the police false information about his background. The conference will give us an opportunity to exchange information with other researchers. We can't make a decision until we have more information. The tests have not yet uncovered any new information. I don't like having to reveal personal information when I fill in a job application. He's accused of withholding useful information. I couldn't remember his number so I had to call information.
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Recent Examples on the Web

Update your contact information with PG&E at to get alerts about power shutdowns. Ethan Baron, The Mercury News, "PG&E says you should prepare before the power goes out," 21 June 2019 Be sure to check WFPK's website at for additional information on activities and do's and don'ts at the venue site. Kirby Adams, The Courier-Journal, "Here's your ultimate 2019 guide for free outdoor music in Louisville," 21 June 2019 For more information on Williams Comfort Air, visit their site at Jessica Levy, Indianapolis Star, "The need to support HVAC and plumbing careers is getting desperate," 21 June 2019 According to their information, officials at Die Roten told Hummels two and a half weeks ago that club record signing Lucas Hernandez would be given the nod alongside Niklas Süle in Niko Kovač's first-team squad., "Mats Hummels Pushed for Bayern Munich Exit After Learning of First Team Plans for Next Season," 20 June 2019 There may be some initial volatility as the initial price is set, but Slack is still required to disclose its financial information as IPO candidates do. Kevin Kelleher, Fortune, "Slack Is Going Public Without an IPO. Here's How a Direct Offering Works," 20 June 2019 Google in February released a Chrome extension called Password Checkup, a tool that lets users know when their login information has been exposed or compromised. Jordan Valinsky, CNN, "Google Chrome now lets you flag sketchy websites," 20 June 2019 The campaign is part of a strategy to give African American men information on the pill and eliminate most barriers to obtaining the medication. James Causey, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Taking the HIV medication PrEP is 90% effective. A new drive aims to get more gay black Milwaukee men on it.," 20 June 2019 The Madison County Sheriff’s Department is looking for information on a person suspected of breaking into a car in the Mt. Carmel School area. Leada Gore |,, "Security camera footage shows just how quick car break-ins can happen; suspects sought," 19 June 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'information.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of information

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 2a

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Last Updated

25 Jun 2019

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The first known use of information was in the 14th century

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More Definitions for information



English Language Learners Definition of information

: knowledge that you get about someone or something : facts or details about a subject
US : a service that telephone users can call to find out the telephone number for a specified person or organization


in·​for·​ma·​tion | \ ˌin-fər-ˈmā-shən How to pronounce information (audio) \

Kids Definition of information

: knowledge obtained from investigation, study, or instruction : facts or details about a subject



Legal Definition of information

: an instrument containing a formal accusation of a crime that is issued by a prosecuting officer and that serves the same function as an indictment presented by a grand jury — compare complaint sense 2, indictment

Note: About half the states in the United States allow prosecutors to issue informations. The rest require indictment.

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showing courage and determination

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