information

noun
in·​for·​ma·​tion | \ ˌin-fər-ˈmā-shən \

Definition of information

1 : the communication or reception of knowledge or intelligence
2a(1) : knowledge obtained from investigation, study, or instruction
(3) : facts, data
b : the attribute inherent in and communicated by one of two or more alternative sequences or arrangements of something (such as nucleotides in DNA or binary digits in a computer program) that produce specific effects
c(1) : a signal or character (as in a communication system or computer) representing data
(2) : something (such as a message, experimental data, or a picture) which justifies change in a construct (such as a plan or theory) that represents physical or mental experience or another construct
d : a quantitative measure of the content of information specifically : a numerical quantity that measures the uncertainty in the outcome of an experiment to be performed
3 : the act of informing against a person
4 : a formal accusation of a crime made by a prosecuting officer as distinguished from an indictment presented by a grand jury

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Other Words from information

informational \ ˌin-​fər-​ˈmā-​shnəl , -​shə-​nᵊl \ adjective
informationally adverb

Synonyms for information

Synonyms

data, facts

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Choose the Right Synonym for information

information, knowledge, and learning mean what is or can be known. information may be used of a collection of facts gathered from many places. The book has a lot of information about baseball. knowledge is used for facts and ideas acquired by study, observation, or experience. She has a knowledge of birds. learning is used of knowledge acquired by long and careful study. The learning of a lifetime is in that book.

Examples of information in a Sentence

They're working to collect information about the early settlers in the region. The pamphlet provides a lot of information on recent changes to the tax laws. He gave the police false information about his background. The conference will give us an opportunity to exchange information with other researchers. We can't make a decision until we have more information. The tests have not yet uncovered any new information. I don't like having to reveal personal information when I fill in a job application. He's accused of withholding useful information. I couldn't remember his number so I had to call information.
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Recent Examples on the Web

Sweden’s counterintelligence agency identified fake social-media accounts trying to discredit the country’s September 2018 parliamentary election by spreading false information about vote-rigging. Elisabeth Braw, WSJ, "Stop Worrying and Learn to Love the Military-Industrial Complex," 2 Jan. 2019 In many ways, the evolution of the Christmas message mirrors the royal family's struggle to transform into a modern monarchy—to balance their roles as iconic figureheads with the insatiable thirst for information about their lives and relationships. Katie Frost, Town & Country, "How the Queen's First Televised Christmas Broadcast Changed the Royal Family Forever," 25 Dec. 2018 Likewise, Joe discovers damning information about Kathleen. Susanna Fogel, Glamour, "This Is What You’ve Got Mail Would Look Like 20 Years Later," 20 Dec. 2018 The company has tightly controlled information about the project by contractually prohibiting passengers from discussing the experience. Timothy B. Lee, Ars Technica, "We finally talked to an actual Waymo passenger—here’s what he told us," 13 Dec. 2018 More information about BBC Earth's Dynasties is available here. Gabe Bergado, Teen Vogue, "BBC Earth's "Dynasties" Pulls at Heartstrings With the Painted Wolves’ Fight for Survival," 12 Dec. 2018 Find out more information about this or other scams with the BBB Scam Tracker. Marisa Lascala, Good Housekeeping, "New Gift Card Scam Wipes Cards Before You Can Even Give Them, Warns the BBB," 7 Dec. 2018 That’s a lot of people an a long stretch of time, so check out our FAQ for all of the information: What happened? Michael Simon, PCWorld, "Marriott Starwood hotel data breach FAQ: What 500 million hacked guests need to know," 30 Nov. 2018 Wondering if some twist of fate or piece of information might have changed my fate, my answer is the same answer all of us face: Who knows? Kim Brooks, Harper's BAZAAR, "The New Frontier of Fertility Tests—for Young Women," 1 Nov. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'information.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of information

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 2a

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Last Updated

8 Jan 2019

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Time Traveler for information

The first known use of information was in the 14th century

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More Definitions for information

information

noun

English Language Learners Definition of information

: knowledge that you get about someone or something : facts or details about a subject

: a service that telephone users can call to find out the telephone number for a specified person or organization

information

noun
in·​for·​ma·​tion | \ ˌin-fər-ˈmā-shən \

Kids Definition of information

: knowledge obtained from investigation, study, or instruction : facts or details about a subject

information

noun
in·​for·​ma·​tion

Legal Definition of information

: an instrument containing a formal accusation of a crime that is issued by a prosecuting officer and that serves the same function as an indictment presented by a grand jury — compare complaint sense 2, indictment

Note: About half the states in the United States allow prosecutors to issue informations. The rest require indictment.

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