in·for·ma·tion | \ˌin-fər-ˈmā-shən \

Definition of information 

1 : the communication or reception of knowledge or intelligence

2a(1) : knowledge obtained from investigation, study, or instruction

(2) : intelligence, news

(3) : facts, data

b : the attribute inherent in and communicated by one of two or more alternative sequences or arrangements of something (such as nucleotides in DNA or binary digits in a computer program) that produce specific effects

c(1) : a signal or character (as in a communication system or computer) representing data

(2) : something (such as a message, experimental data, or a picture) which justifies change in a construct (such as a plan or theory) that represents physical or mental experience or another construct

d : a quantitative measure of the content of information specifically : a numerical quantity that measures the uncertainty in the outcome of an experiment to be performed

3 : the act of informing against a person

4 : a formal accusation of a crime made by a prosecuting officer as distinguished from an indictment presented by a grand jury

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Other Words from information

informational \ˌin-fər-ˈmā-shnəl, -shə-nᵊl \ adjective
informationally adverb

Synonyms for information


intelligence, item, news, story, tidings, word

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Choose the Right Synonym for information

information, knowledge, and learning mean what is or can be known. information may be used of a collection of facts gathered from many places. The book has a lot of information about baseball. knowledge is used for facts and ideas acquired by study, observation, or experience. She has a knowledge of birds. learning is used of knowledge acquired by long and careful study. The learning of a lifetime is in that book.

Examples of information in a Sentence

They're working to collect information about the early settlers in the region. The pamphlet provides a lot of information on recent changes to the tax laws. He gave the police false information about his background. The conference will give us an opportunity to exchange information with other researchers. We can't make a decision until we have more information. The tests have not yet uncovered any new information. I don't like having to reveal personal information when I fill in a job application. He's accused of withholding useful information. I couldn't remember his number so I had to call information.
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Recent Examples on the Web

The district has also rolled out information about a new online registration program. Diane Smith, star-telegram, "Hey, Fort Worth students, do you know what time classes start next school year?," 13 July 2018 For more information about how to create a bookmark, go to Tracy Trobridge, Howard County Times, "Glenwood Lions Club recognizes police and fire heroes [Glenwood/Glenelg/Dayton]," 12 July 2018 During the day, the mansion hosted activities for the whole family, including information about historic preservation and a scavenger hunt. Sara Ervin Walser, Laurel Leader, "Montpelier shindig raises repair money [South Laurel]," 12 July 2018 No other information about the driver was released by police. Mike Johnson, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Driver dies after vehicle hits a tree on Milwaukee's south side," 12 July 2018 One reason the narrative of the rescue mission has changed is that rescuers seemed to have changed the plan, but were told not to give out information while the risky rescue was still underway. Radhika Viswanathan, Vox, "New information suggests the 12 Thai boys trapped in a cave were medicated and carried out on stretchers during the rescue operation.," 11 July 2018 As a doctor, I could be sued for giving false information. Lauren Rankin, SELF, "It’s Legal for Crisis Pregnancy Centers in California to Lie to You About Abortion," 11 July 2018 Kovacs later also allegedly met with and gave information to another Russian agent, after his initial contact left Budapest. Pablo Gorondi, The Seattle Times, "Hungarian politician on trial for spying on EU for Russia," 10 July 2018 The lawsuit alleges Motel 6 had a corporate policy or practice of giving U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement agents information that guests provided at check-in. Jacques Billeaud, azcentral, "Motel 6 to settle claim workers gave guest info to ICE," 9 July 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'information.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of information

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 2a

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Last Updated

15 Oct 2018

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The first known use of information was in the 14th century

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More Definitions for information



English Language Learners Definition of information

: knowledge that you get about someone or something : facts or details about a subject

: a service that telephone users can call to find out the telephone number for a specified person or organization


in·for·ma·tion | \ˌin-fər-ˈmā-shən \

Kids Definition of information

: knowledge obtained from investigation, study, or instruction : facts or details about a subject



Legal Definition of information 

: an instrument containing a formal accusation of a crime that is issued by a prosecuting officer and that serves the same function as an indictment presented by a grand jury — compare complaint sense 2, indictment

Note: About half the states in the United States allow prosecutors to issue informations. The rest require indictment.

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Comments on information

What made you want to look up information? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


exaggeratedly or childishly emotional

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