immune

adjective
im·​mune | \ i-ˈmyün How to pronounce immune (audio) \

Definition of immune

1a : free, exempt immune from further taxation
b : marked by protection some criminal leaders are immune from arrest
2 : not susceptible or responsive immune to all pleas especially : having a high degree of resistance to a disease immune to diphtheria
3a : having or producing antibodies or lymphocytes capable of reacting with a specific antigen an immune serum
b : produced by, involved in, or concerned with immunity or an immune response immune agglutinins immune globulins

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Other Words from immune

immune noun

Is it immune from or immune to?

Many people find themselves confused about which preposition, to or from, to use after the word immune. The traditional wisdom of usage commentators is that you become immune to a disease or a drug (such as HIV or antibiotics) but immune from an obligation (such as a taxation) or something that can happen to you (such as prosecution). But some say that the choice of preposition depends on the relationship between the affecting thing and the object being affected. According to Bryan Garner in Modern English Usage, for example, “What you’re immune from can’t touch you; what you’re immune to may touch you, but it has no effect.” So if you are immune from prosecution, the prosecutor cannot go after you; if you are immune to a suitor’s charms, the suitor can keep wooing you, but it would be to no avail.

Actual usage shows that there are no perfectly clear-cut rules. One can, for example, be immune to legal consequences or be immune from typhoid. The best advice, then, might be to follow your own ear.

Examples of immune in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web

Even a small community like Marblehead is not immune. Abigail Feldman, BostonGlobe.com, "Anti-Semitic fliers discovered at Marblehead synagogue," 15 July 2019 Reed says Rhode Island isn’t immune from the threat of a measles outbreak, but its high vaccination rate of young people is the best line of defense. USA TODAY, "Kacey Musgraves, sneaker flap, skiing in July: News from around our 50 states," 3 July 2019 Turquoise can help heal ailments of the immune, respiratory, and skeletal systems. Sarah Lazarus, The New Yorker, "Healing Crystals and How to Shoplift Them," 8 June 2019 People who inherit this mutation from both of their parents are naturally immune. Megan Molteni, WIRED, "A Study Exposes the Health Risks of Gene-Editing Human Embryos," 3 June 2019 Knock Out roses, in general, are quite resistant (not immune) to black spot disease. Dan Gill, NOLA.com, "There’s a simple solution for Knock Out roses with spotting," 4 May 2019 That said, these are all assumptions based on a logic to which Trump might be immune. Jennifer Wright, Harper's BAZAAR, "What Will Actually Happen to Trump?," 19 Dec. 2018 The only team that seems to be immune to the weirdness of the early WNBA season is the Connecticut Sun, who have rolled to an 8–1 record and easily sit atop the league standings. Kellen Becoats, SI.com, "It’s Time to Start Paying Attention to the New York Liberty," 17 June 2019 None of us are immune to this devastatingly life changing statistic. Karen Mizoguchi, PEOPLE.com, "Morgan Miller's 'Heart Breaks' for Granger Smith Whose Son Drowned a Year After Her Daughter Died," 6 June 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'immune.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of immune

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for immune

Middle English, from Latin immunis, from in- + munia services, obligations; akin to Latin munus service — more at mean

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Statistics for immune

Last Updated

19 Jul 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for immune

The first known use of immune was in the 15th century

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More Definitions for immune

immune

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of immune

: not capable of being affected by a disease
: not influenced or affected by something
: having special protection from something that is required for most people by law

immune

adjective
im·​mune | \ i-ˈmyün How to pronounce immune (audio) \

Kids Definition of immune

1 : having a high degree of resistance to an illness or disease
2 : of, relating to, or involving the body's immune system an immune response
3 : not influenced or affected by something She is immune to criticism.
4 : not subject to something : exempt They are immune from punishment.

immune

adjective
im·​mune | \ im-ˈyün How to pronounce immune (audio) \

Medical Definition of immune

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : not susceptible or responsive especially : having a high degree of resistance to a disease immune to diphtheria
2a : having or producing antibodies or lymphocytes capable of reacting with a specific antigen an immune serum
b : produced by, involved in, or concerned with immunity or an immune response immune agglutinins

immune

noun

Medical Definition of immune (Entry 2 of 2)

: an immune individual

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immune

adjective
im·​mune | \ i-ˈmyün How to pronounce immune (audio) \

Legal Definition of immune

: having immunity : exempt

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More from Merriam-Webster on immune

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with immune

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for immune

Spanish Central: Translation of immune

Nglish: Translation of immune for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of immune for Arabic Speakers

Comments on immune

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