hy·​per·​in·​fla·​tion | \ ˌhī-pər-in-ˈflā-shən How to pronounce hyperinflation (audio) \

Definition of hyperinflation

: extreme or excessive inflation: such as
a : excessive distension with air or gas hyperinflation of the lungs
b : extreme economic inflation with prices rising at a very high rate in a very short time But the policy also fueled hyperinflation that experts say left Iran's economy weaker in the long run.— Ramin Mostaghim also : a period of such inflation While every company may employ any of a variety of cash investment options during hyperinflation, every successful company has one policy in common … — Gerald Swanson

Keep scrolling for more

Other Words from hyperinflation

hyperinflationary \ ˌhī-​pər-​in-​ˈflā-​shə-​ˌnər-​ē How to pronounce hyperinflationary (audio) \ adjective

Examples of hyperinflation in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web There is high inflation, though short of technical hyperinflation, in Iran, Sudan, Nigeria, and Turkey. Kevin D. Williamson, National Review, "Apocalypse Now?," 31 Aug. 2020 There is a lot less reason to fear hyperinflation now. Andrew Stuttaford, National Review, "The Capital Letter: Week of August 31," 4 Sep. 2020 All of this in a country with hyperinflation and a deep economic malaise. Rania Abouzeid, National Geographic, "Why must every Lebanese generation endure violent chaos—and its aftermath?," 26 Aug. 2020 Today the bolivar is practically worthless because of hyperinflation; that has crippled the economy. Brinley Hineman, USA TODAY, "Fact check: Socialist policies alone did not destroy Venezuela's economy in last decade," 9 Aug. 2020 Prices at supermarkets skyrocketed as hyperinflation surged unchecked through the country. Dion Nissenbaum, WSJ, "The Family Scars Left by the Beirut Blast," 3 Sep. 2020 There is a lot less reason to fear hyperinflation now. Kevin D. Williamson, National Review, "Apocalypse Now?," 31 Aug. 2020 In 2018, Venezuela launched the petro, a cryptocurrency (allegedly backed by oil reserves) designed to help citizens cope with international sanctions and the dysfunctional nation’s hyperinflation. Robert Hackett, Fortune, "Inside China’s drive for digital currency dominance," 10 Aug. 2020 Lebanon has been rife with corruption for years as the country experiences an economic meltdown, hyperinflation and high unemployment. Meg Jones, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Milwaukee church comes together to pray for those in Beirut," 11 Aug. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'hyperinflation.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

See More

First Known Use of hyperinflation

1880, in the meaning defined above

Keep scrolling for more

Learn More about hyperinflation

Time Traveler for hyperinflation

Time Traveler

The first known use of hyperinflation was in 1880

See more words from the same year

Statistics for hyperinflation

Last Updated

30 Sep 2020

Cite this Entry

“Hyperinflation.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/hyperinflation. Accessed 1 Oct. 2020.

Keep scrolling for more

More Definitions for hyperinflation


How to pronounce hyperinflation (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of hyperinflation

: extremely rapid increase in the price of goods and services : extremely rapid economic inflation


hy·​per·​in·​fla·​tion | \ ˌhī-pə-rin-ˈflā-shən How to pronounce hyperinflation (audio) \

Medical Definition of hyperinflation

: excessive inflation (as of the lungs)

Comments on hyperinflation

What made you want to look up hyperinflation? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


Test Your Vocabulary

Challenging Vocabulary Quiz Returns!

  • stylized drawing of woman pole vaulting across gap to get trophy
  • Which is a synonym of fuliginous?
Spell It

Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words?


Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.

Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!