gratuitous

play
adjective gra·tu·i·tous \grə-ˈtü-ə-təs, -ˈtyü-\

Definition of gratuitous

  1. 1a :  given unearned or without recompenseb :  not involving a return benefit, compensation, or consideration has gratuitous permission to pass over private landc :  costing nothing :  free The restaurant provided a gratuitous appetizer.

  2. 2 :  not called for by the circumstances :  unwarranted gratuitous insolence a gratuitous assumption

gratuitously

adverb

gratuitousness

noun

gratuitous was our Word of the Day on 01/18/2015. Hear the podcast!

Examples of gratuitous in a Sentence

  1. The film was criticized for its gratuitous violence.

  2. they will throw in a gratuitous box of chocolates when you spend $30 or more in their shop

Recent Examples of gratuitous from the Web

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'gratuitous'. Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

These Gratuitous Facts Are Free

Like gratitude, grace, and congratulate, gratuitous is a descendant of the Latin word gratus, which means "pleasing" or "grateful." When gratuitous was first used in the middle of the 17th century, it meant "free" or "given without return benefit or compensation." The extended meaning "done without good reason" or "unwarranted" came about just a few decades later, perhaps from the belief held by some people that one should not give something without getting something in return. Today, that extended meaning is the more common sense, often used in such phrases as "a gratuitous insult" or to describe elements of a story that are not relevant to the plot.

Origin and Etymology of gratuitous

Latin gratuitus, from gratus grateful


GRATUITOUS Defined for English Language Learners

gratuitous

play
adjective

Definition of gratuitous for English Language Learners

  • : not necessary or appropriate


Law Dictionary

gratuitous

play
adjective gra·tu·i·tous \grə-ˈtü-ə-təs, -ˈtyü-\

Legal Definition of gratuitous

  1. :  not involving a return benefit, compensation, or consideration — compare onerous

gratuitously

adverb


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