gluconeogenesis

noun
glu·​co·​neo·​gen·​e·​sis | \ ˌglü-kə-ˌnē-ə-ˈje-nə-səs How to pronounce gluconeogenesis (audio) \

Definition of gluconeogenesis

: formation of glucose within the animal body especially by the liver from substances (such as fats and proteins) other than carbohydrates

Examples of gluconeogenesis in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web In other words, the body destroys muscle to make glucose and the process is called gluconeogenesis. Bryant Stamford, The Courier-Journal, 16 June 2022 Glucagon also initiates a process known as gluconeogenesis, which is the synthesis of glucose from nondietary sources. Mckale Montgomery, The Conversation, 19 May 2022 The peripheral nerves connect to the brain, which regulates gluconeogenesis in the intestine, illustrating the existence of an active bi-directional gut–brain axis making a positive contribution to our energy balance. Enea Rezzonico, Scientific American, 17 Feb. 2015 Butyrate feeds the colon and induces glucose synthesis in the intestine (intestinal gluconeogenesis), which enters the circulation. Enea Rezzonico, Scientific American, 17 Feb. 2015 Once glycogen levels are depleted, gluconeogenesis kicks in, and the liver begins to make glucose from amino acids. Molly Kimball, cleveland.com, 25 May 2017 Once glycogen levels are depleted, gluconeogenesis kicks in, and the liver begins to make glucose from amino acids. Molly Kimball, cleveland.com, 25 May 2017 Glycerol then takes the place of amino acids and is used for gluconeogenesis (thus preventing muscle breakdown). Molly Kimball, cleveland.com, 25 May 2017 Glycerol then takes the place of amino acids and is used for gluconeogenesis (thus preventing muscle breakdown). NOLA.com, 22 May 2017 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'gluconeogenesis.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of gluconeogenesis

1912, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for gluconeogenesis

New Latin

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Time Traveler for gluconeogenesis

Time Traveler

The first known use of gluconeogenesis was in 1912

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Dictionary Entries Near gluconeogenesis

gluconate

gluconeogenesis

gluconic acid

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Statistics for gluconeogenesis

Last Updated

23 Jun 2022

Cite this Entry

“Gluconeogenesis.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/gluconeogenesis. Accessed 18 Aug. 2022.

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More Definitions for gluconeogenesis

gluconeogenesis

noun
glu·​co·​neo·​gen·​e·​sis | \ ˌglü-kə-ˌnē-ə-ˈjen-ə-səs How to pronounce gluconeogenesis (audio) \
plural gluconeogeneses\ -​ˌsēz How to pronounce gluconeogenesis (audio) \

Medical Definition of gluconeogenesis

: formation of glucose within the animal body from precursors other than carbohydrates especially by the liver and kidney using amino acids from proteins, glycerol from fats, or lactate produced by muscle during anaerobic glycolysis

called also glyconeogenesis

Other Words from gluconeogenesis

gluconeogenic \ -​ˈjen-​ik How to pronounce gluconeogenesis (audio) \ adjective

More from Merriam-Webster on gluconeogenesis

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about gluconeogenesis

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