ge·​no·​type | \ ˈjē-nə-ˌtīp How to pronounce genotype (audio) , ˈje- \

Definition of genotype

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 [ISV gen-] : type species
2 [ISV gene] : all or part of the genetic constitution of an individual or group — compare phenotype


genotyped; genotyping; genotypes

Definition of genotype (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

: to determine all or part of the genetic constitution of Because many Icelanders have now been genotyped, meaning their DNA has been analyzed at many sites spaced across the genome, the Decode researchers were able to pick a set of 40 sites where the DNA variations were diagnostic of geographic origin.— Nicholas Wade Genotyping of multiple B. pseudomallei colonies from several tissue sites from four patients … showed substantial genetic diversity within a single patient …— W. Joost Wiersinga

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Other Words from genotype


genotypic \ ˌjē-​nə-​ˈti-​pik How to pronounce genotypic (audio) , ˌje-​ \ or less commonly genotypical \ ˌjē-​nə-​ˈti-​pi-​kəl How to pronounce genotypical (audio) , ˌje-​ \ adjective
genotypically \ ˌjē-​nə-​ˈti-​pi-​k(ə-​)lē How to pronounce genotypically (audio) , ˌje-​ \ adverb

Examples of genotype in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun After a year, people had lost an average of 13 pounds, but weight loss varied widely (some lost much more and others gained weight) and the study offered no clues as to which genotype might be predictive of weight loss success with either menu. Samantha Cassetty, NBC News, "What science says about the best way to eat (and what we're still figuring out)," 30 Dec. 2019 Chimerism is a term in genetics that describes a single organism with two distinct genotypes. Ephrat Livni, Quartz, "A human chimera shows why DNA evidence is questionable," 7 Dec. 2019 All of the children carried a genotype associated with Type 1 diabetes and celiac disease. Scottie Andrew, CNN, "Eating more gluten early in life is tied to children's higher risk of celiac disease, a study says," 13 Aug. 2019 The genotype frequencies remain unchanged between the first and second generations. Quanta Magazine, "Solution: ‘Are Genes Selfish or Cooperative?’," 29 Sep. 2017 That is why Phylos’ genotype test can be a valuable tool for cannabis growers and breeders. Hannah Wallace, WIRED, "High Drama: A Cannabis Biotech Company Roils Small Growers," 24 July 2019 There were almost 300 files that contained people’s raw genotype DNA data in massive blocks of code accessible to public viewing but understood only by someone familiar with the science of the human genome. Nico Grant,, "DNA testing service Vitagene exposed thousands of customer records online for years," 9 July 2019 Not all the data is in place yet, but Wei and Nielsen were able to look up the CCR5 genotype of more than 400,000 individuals. John Timmer, Ars Technica, "Target of first human gene editing cuts life expectancy short," 5 June 2019 Deer with two of the resistant genotypes are likely to live about eight months longer than other deer before dying of the disease, according to Mike Samuel, UW-Madison professor emeritus. Paul A. Smith, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Conservation groups ask Gov. Evers to veto proposed CWD deer farm study," 2 July 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'genotype.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of genotype


1897, in the meaning defined at sense 1


1946, in the meaning defined above

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Time Traveler for genotype

Time Traveler

The first known use of genotype was in 1897

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Statistics for genotype

Last Updated

10 Jan 2020

Cite this Entry

“Genotype.” The Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Inc., Accessed 22 January 2020.

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More Definitions for genotype


ge·​no·​type | \ ˈjē-nə-ˌtīp How to pronounce genotype (audio) , ˈjen-ə- How to pronounce genotype (audio) \

Medical Definition of genotype

 (Entry 1 of 2)

2 : all or part of the genetic constitution of an individual or group — compare phenotype

Other Words from genotype

genotypic \ ˌjē-​nə-​ˈtip-​ik How to pronounce genotypic (audio) , ˌjen-​ə-​ How to pronounce genotypic (audio) \ also genotypical \ -​i-​kəl How to pronounce genotypical (audio) \ adjective
genotypically \ -​i-​k(ə-​)lē How to pronounce genotypically (audio) \ adverb
genotyped; genotyping

Medical Definition of genotype (Entry 2 of 2)

: to determine the genotype of DNA samples from the participants were genotyped for two common single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the coding region of the vitamin D–binding protein gene …— Camille E. Powe et al., The New England Journal of Medicine, 21 Nov. 2013

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More from Merriam-Webster on genotype

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with genotype

Nglish: Translation of genotype for Spanish Speakers Encyclopedia article about genotype

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