1

gang

play
verb \ˈgaŋ\

Definition of gang

Scotland

  1. intransitive verb
  2. :  go

Origin and Etymology of gang

Middle English gangen, gongen & early Scots gang, going back to Old English gangan, gongan, going back to Germanic *gangan- (whence Old Saxon & Old High German gangan“to go,” Old Norse ganga, Gothic gaggan), probably going back to Indo-European *ǵhenǵh-i̯e-, whence also Lithuanian žeñgti ”to stride” Old English gangan, a Class VII strong verb, was used more or less as a synonym of gān, the ancestor of Modern English 1go (itself descended from Germanic *gēn-), though forms other than the present tense and infinitive rarely occur. In other Germanic languages cognates of gangan served and still serve as suppletive forms of the parallel cognates of gān. Compare note at 2gang.


First Known Use: before 12th century


2

gang

noun

Definition of gang

  1. 1a (1) :  a set of articles :  outfit a gang of oars (2) :  a combination of similar implements or devices arranged for convenience to act together a gang of sawsb :  group: such as (1) :  a group of persons working together (2) :  a group of persons working to unlawful or antisocial ends; especially :  a band of antisocial adolescents

  2. 2 :  a group of persons having informal and usually close social relations watching TV with the gang

Examples of gang in a Sentence

  1. a gang of drug dealers

  2. He is in a gang.

  3. He was shot by a member of a rival gang.

  4. the gang at the office

Origin and Etymology of gang

Middle English, “going, journey, road, path, privy, group of items forming a set,” going back to Old English, “going, walking, journey, course, path, privy,” going back to Germanic *ganga- (whence Old Saxon gang “walk, course,” Old High German “walk, journey, passage,” Old Norse gangr “going, course,” Gothic gagg “way”), noun derivative from the base of *gangan- “to go” — more at 1gang The meaning “set of articles” apparently first appeared in Middle English, the now predominant meaning “group of persons” in early Modern English (hypothesized instances of this sense in Middle and Old English are dubious). A direct descendant of Old English gang in Modern English would be gong (with the effects of vowel lengthening before the cluster -ŋg- and subsequent rounding of the long vowel in monosyllables), but this survived into Modern English only in the sense “privy”—the now general form gang for other senses was borrowed into standard English from northern dialects and Scots, where rounding never occurred. Use of both the noun and verb gang in its historical senses, denoting motion or passage, is now largely limited to traditional Scots.


First Known Use: 14th century


3

gang

verb

Definition of gang

  1. transitive verb
  2. 1a :  to assemble or operate simultaneously as a groupb :  to arrange in or produce as a gang

  3. 2 :  to attack in a gang Hoodlums ganged him and took his money.

  4. intransitive verb
  5. :  to move or act as a gang

Origin and Etymology of gang

derivative of 2gang


First Known Use: 1791


GANG Defined for English Language Learners

2

gang

noun

Definition of gang for English Language Learners

  • : a group of criminals

  • : a group of young people who do illegal things together and who often fight against other gangs

  • : a group of people who are friends and who do things together


GANG Defined for Kids

gang

play
noun \ˈgaŋ\

Definition of gang for Students

  1. 1 :  a group of people working or going about together

  2. 2 :  a group of people acting together to do something illegal a gang of thieves

  3. 3 :  a group of friends I invited the gang over.


Law Dictionary

gang

noun

Legal Definition of gang

  1. :  a group of persons associating for antisocial and often criminal purposes and activities



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