fun·​da·​men·​tal·​ism | \ ˌfən-də-ˈmen-tə-ˌli-zəm How to pronounce fundamentalism (audio) \

Definition of fundamentalism

1a often capitalized : a movement in 20th century Protestantism emphasizing the literally interpreted Bible as fundamental to Christian life and teaching
b : the beliefs of this movement
c : adherence to such beliefs a minister noted for his strict fundamentalism
2 : a movement or attitude stressing strict and literal adherence to a set of basic principles Islamic fundamentalism political fundamentalism

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Other Words from fundamentalism

fundamentalist \ ˌfən-​də-​ˈmen-​tə-​list How to pronounce fundamentalist (audio) \ noun
fundamentalist or fundamentalistic \ ˌfən-​də-​ˌmen-​tə-​ˈli-​stik How to pronounce fundamentalistic (audio) \ adjective

Examples of fundamentalism in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Roy, who has previously written about the politics of Islamic fundamentalism, here challenges the notion that Europe is predominantly Christian, arguing that the faith’s future in fact rests with the global South. New York Times, "New & Noteworthy, From RuPaul to a Nine-Dish Meal," 4 Mar. 2020 The New Atheists craved the first kind of fundamentalism and now decry the latter. Samuel James, National Review, "There Is No ‘Party of Science’," 14 Feb. 2020 Protestant fundamentalism is still very much alive. William Trollinger, The Conversation, "Fundamentalism turns 100, a landmark for the Christian Right," 8 Oct. 2019 Ahok was released in January after serving just under two years in jail, but the incident showed religious fundamentalism to be a powerful force. Anna Coren, CNN, "President Joko Widodo says Islam in Indonesia is 'tolerant' as rights groups warn of rising fundamentalism," 27 July 2019 That year, the Cato Institution was formed in Washington to peddle free-market fundamentalism as the answer to America’s ills. J.m. Opal, Quartz, "Trump will cling to power—and Republicans will cling to him," 18 Dec. 2019 The senator offers a refreshing alternative to laissez-faire fundamentalism — and a new generation of conservatives is paying attention. Declan Leary, National Review, "Marco Rubio’s Unpersuasive Critics," 19 Nov. 2019 Some La Mora families practiced polygamy, but most considered themselves independent Mormons, according to Cristina Rosetti, a scholar of Mormon fundamentalism. Ray Sanchez, CNN, "Mormon quest for peace and freedom in Mexico shattered by violence and adversity," 6 Nov. 2019 This doctrine became the theological touchstone of fundamentalism. William Trollinger, The Conversation, "Fundamentalism turns 100, a landmark for the Christian Right," 8 Oct. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'fundamentalism.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of fundamentalism

1912, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for fundamentalism

fundamental entry 1 + -ism

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Time Traveler for fundamentalism

Time Traveler

The first known use of fundamentalism was in 1912

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Statistics for fundamentalism

Last Updated

15 Apr 2020

Cite this Entry

“Fundamentalism.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 1 Jun. 2020.

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