fundamentalism

noun
fun·​da·​men·​tal·​ism | \ ˌfən-də-ˈmen-tə-ˌli-zəm How to pronounce fundamentalism (audio) \

Definition of fundamentalism

1a often capitalized : a movement in 20th century Protestantism emphasizing the literally interpreted Bible as fundamental to Christian life and teaching
b : the beliefs of this movement
c : adherence to such beliefs a minister noted for his strict fundamentalism
2 : a movement or attitude stressing strict and literal adherence to a set of basic principles Islamic fundamentalism political fundamentalism

Keep scrolling for more

Other Words from fundamentalism

fundamentalist \ ˌfən-​də-​ˈmen-​tə-​list How to pronounce fundamentalist (audio) \ noun
fundamentalist or fundamentalistic \ ˌfən-​də-​ˌmen-​tə-​ˈli-​stik How to pronounce fundamentalistic (audio) \ adjective

Examples of fundamentalism in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Free-market fundamentalism has eroded worker rights and economic security, triggered a deregulatory race to the bottom and ruinous tax competition. Andrew Stuttaford, National Review, "A Useful Pandemic: Davos Launches New ‘Reset,’ this Time on the Back of COVID," 29 Oct. 2020 Bigger tax cuts are not the answer to every question The Republican Party has drifted toward a market fundamentalism in which freer markets and bigger tax cuts are the answer to every question. CNN, "Opinion: The Republican Party has a tough choice to make," 21 Aug. 2020 Roy, who has previously written about the politics of Islamic fundamentalism, here challenges the notion that Europe is predominantly Christian, arguing that the faith’s future in fact rests with the global South. New York Times, "New & Noteworthy, From RuPaul to a Nine-Dish Meal," 4 Mar. 2020 The New Atheists craved the first kind of fundamentalism and now decry the latter. Samuel James, National Review, "There Is No ‘Party of Science’," 14 Feb. 2020 Protestant fundamentalism is still very much alive. William Trollinger, The Conversation, "Fundamentalism turns 100, a landmark for the Christian Right," 8 Oct. 2019 Ahok was released in January after serving just under two years in jail, but the incident showed religious fundamentalism to be a powerful force. Anna Coren, CNN, "President Joko Widodo says Islam in Indonesia is 'tolerant' as rights groups warn of rising fundamentalism," 27 July 2019 That year, the Cato Institution was formed in Washington to peddle free-market fundamentalism as the answer to America’s ills. J.m. Opal, Quartz, "Trump will cling to power—and Republicans will cling to him," 18 Dec. 2019 The senator offers a refreshing alternative to laissez-faire fundamentalism — and a new generation of conservatives is paying attention. Declan Leary, National Review, "Marco Rubio’s Unpersuasive Critics," 19 Nov. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'fundamentalism.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

See More

First Known Use of fundamentalism

1912, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for fundamentalism

fundamental entry 1 + -ism

Keep scrolling for more

Learn More about fundamentalism

Time Traveler for fundamentalism

Time Traveler

The first known use of fundamentalism was in 1912

See more words from the same year

Statistics for fundamentalism

Last Updated

3 Nov 2020

Cite this Entry

“Fundamentalism.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/fundamentalism. Accessed 4 Dec. 2020.

Keep scrolling for more

Comments on fundamentalism

What made you want to look up fundamentalism? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

WORD OF THE DAY

Test Your Vocabulary

Musical Words Quiz

  • gramophone
  • Which word describes a musical performance marked by the absence of instrumental accompaniment?
Spell It

Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words?

TAKE THE QUIZ
Syn City

Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.

TAKE THE QUIZ
Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!