\ ˈfrāz How to pronounce fraise (audio) \

Definition of fraise

: an obstacle of pointed stakes driven into the ramparts of a fortification in a horizontal or inclined position

First Known Use of fraise

1775, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for fraise

borrowed from French, literally, "pleated collar, ruff," probably from fraise "mesentery of a calf" (compared in appearance), going back to Middle French, noun derivative of fraiser, fraser "to unwrap, shell (as a bean)," going back to Old French, going back to Vulgar Latin *frēsāre, derivative of Latin frēsa (in faba frēsa "ground bean"), feminine of frēsus, past participle of frendere "to gnash, crush, grind," going back to Indo-European *gwhrend(h)- "grind" — more at grind entry 1

Note: The French outcomes of Vulgar Latin close e in *frēsāre are irregular and appear to show crossing with another word or words.

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The first known use of fraise was in 1775

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Cite this Entry

“Fraise.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 28 Nov. 2020.

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\ ˈfrāz How to pronounce fraise (audio) \

Medical Definition of fraise

: a surgical burr shaped like a cone or hemisphere

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