fracture

1 of 2

noun

frac·​ture ˈfrak-chər How to pronounce fracture (audio)
-shər
1
: the result of fracturing : break
2
a
: the act or process of breaking or the state of being broken
especially : the breaking of hard tissue (such as bone)
b
: the rupture (as by tearing) of soft tissue
kidney fracture
3
: the general appearance of a freshly broken surface of a mineral

fracture

2 of 2

verb

fractured; fracturing ˈfrak-chə-riŋ How to pronounce fracture (audio)
-shriŋ

transitive verb

1
a
: to cause a crack or fracture in : break
fracture a rib
b
2
a
: to damage or destroy as if by rupturing
b
: to cause great disorder in
c
: to break up : fractionate
d
: to go beyond the limits of (something, such as a rule) : violate
fractured many of the laws of probability …Sheldon Cheney

intransitive verb

: to undergo fracture : to crack or break
Her wrist fractured in the fall.

Examples of fracture in a Sentence

Noun a fracture in the Earth's crust She suffered a wrist fracture when she slipped on the ice. Verb Her wrist fractured when she fell on the ice. Their happiness was fractured by an unforeseen tragedy. These problems may fracture the unity of the two parties. Their fragile happiness fractured all too soon. See More
Recent Examples on the Web
Noun
The switch was complicated by a hairline fracture on his right pinky finger during spring training. Dylan Hernández, Los Angeles Times, 23 Feb. 2024 He isn’t expected to play this year because of a season-ending wrist fracture suffered on Jan. 27. Danny Emerman, The Mercury News, 22 Feb. 2024 But that afternoon, residents’ worst fears were realized when a fracture opened up south of the wall at the edge of town. Maya Wei-Haas, Smithsonian Magazine, 21 Feb. 2024 Both people inside the car suffered serious leg injuries that included fractures, Foster said. Alex Riggins, San Diego Union-Tribune, 19 Feb. 2024 Ultimately, Jabbari went to the hospital and was treated for a hairline fracture to a bone in her middle finger and a cut to her ear. Emily Palmer, Peoplemag, 6 Feb. 2024 When the revolt ended in 1939, the Palestinians were in a very weak position, economically and politically, with many of the internal fractures in the society between Muslims and Christians, and villagers and city dwellers, exposed. Emily Bazelon, New York Times, 1 Feb. 2024 The Warriors won’t submit an injury report until Thursday, but Chris Paul (left hand fracture), Moses Moody (left calf strain) and Gary Payton II (left hamstring strain) were out against Atlanta. Jason Anderson, Sacramento Bee, 25 Jan. 2024 After all, Enceladus, a moon of Saturn known to have a subsurface ocean, spurts geysers of water out of fractures in its crust—but the frigid, quiet Mimas stands in stark contrast to that. Catherine Duncan, Smithsonian Magazine, 9 Feb. 2024
Verb
The shooting Thursday fractured a neighborhood that has expressed concerns about drug activity and gang violence. Jasmine Hilton, Washington Post, 13 Feb. 2024 Anzalone fractured three ribs in the Lions' Week 18 win over the Minnesota Vikings and has played the past two games with the injury. Dave Birkett, Detroit Free Press, 23 Jan. 2024 Harbaugh allowed Kaepernick to be Kaepernick, and a locker room that could have potentially fractured was kept together by Harbaugh. Mike Freeman, USA TODAY, 12 Jan. 2024 In the past two weeks, Paul fractured his hand, Jonathan Kuminga aired public grievances and Andrew Wiggins has continued to float through games. Danny Emerman, The Mercury News, 11 Jan. 2024 The pilot Scott Booth fractured his lower left leg, and passenger Jennifer Barham had a spinal fracture. The Arizona Republic, 9 Jan. 2024 One of the challenges in developing shale gas resources is water is needed to hydraulically fracture the formations. Robert Rapier, Forbes, 12 Feb. 2024 Prosecutors said Jabbari fractured her finger and showed jurors photos taken by police of her injuries, including a cut to her ear and a bruised and swollen finger. Meredith Deliso, ABC News, 6 Feb. 2024 Their little Opportunity Street family had fractured once more. Ariane Lange, Sacramento Bee, 2 Feb. 2024 See More

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'fracture.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

Etymology

Noun

Middle English, borrowed from Latin frāctūra "act of breaking, breaking of a bone," from frāctus (past participle of frangere "to break, shatter") + -ūra -ure — more at break entry 1

Verb

derivative of fracture entry 1

First Known Use

Noun

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Verb

1612, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

Time Traveler
The first known use of fracture was in the 15th century

Dictionary Entries Near fracture

Cite this Entry

“Fracture.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/fracture. Accessed 29 Feb. 2024.

Kids Definition

fracture

noun
frac·​ture
ˈfrak-chər,
-shər
1
: the act or process of breaking : the state of being broken
especially : the breaking of a bone
2
: the result of fracturing
especially : an injury resulting from fracture of a bone
fracture verb

Medical Definition

fracture

1 of 2 noun
frac·​ture ˈfrak-chər, -shər How to pronounce fracture (audio)
1
: the act or process of breaking or the state of being broken
specifically : the breaking of hard tissue and especially bone
2
: the rupture (as by tearing) of soft tissue
kidney fracture

fracture

2 of 2 transitive verb
fractured; fracturing -chə-riŋ, -shriŋ How to pronounce fracture (audio)
1
: to cause a fracture in
fracture a rib
2
: to cause a rupture or tear in
a blow that fractured a kidney

More from Merriam-Webster on fracture

Last Updated: - Updated example sentences
Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!