rupture

noun
rup·​ture | \ ˈrəp(t)-shər How to pronounce rupture (audio) \

Definition of rupture

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : breach of peace or concord specifically : open hostility or war between nations
2a : the tearing apart of a tissue rupture of the heart muscle rupture of an intervertebral disk
b : hernia
3 : a breaking apart or the state of being broken apart

rupture

verb
ruptured; rupturing\ ˈrəp(t)-​sh(ə-​)riŋ How to pronounce rupturing (audio) \

Definition of rupture (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1a : to part by violence : break, burst
b : to create or induce a breach of
2 : to produce a rupture in

intransitive verb

: to have or undergo a rupture

Examples of rupture in a Sentence

Noun

A rupture in the pipeline resulted in major water damage. a rupture of an artery an infection that could cause rupture of the eardrum The conflict caused a rupture in relations between the former allies. They're trying to heal the rupture in their relationship.

Verb

The pipe ruptured because of high water pressure. High water pressure ruptured the pipe. The impact ruptured his liver. The scandal ruptured relations between the two countries. The crime ruptured the peace of a small town.
See More

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

The pain often builds and builds until the appendix ruptures. Korin Miller, SELF, "HGTV 'Home Town' Star Erin Napier Had an Undiagnosed Perforated Appendix for Years," 22 Oct. 2018 The rupture interrupted the flow of gas, the company said Wednesday evening. Heidi Groover, The Seattle Times, "Risk of power outages in Puget Sound after Canadian pipeline explosion cuts off natural-gas supply," 10 Oct. 2018 Or, the topic of tearing during child birth, says Ryan, who cites France as a country that offers great physical therapy for new moms who experience the all-too common rupture during child birth. Kate Branch, Vogue, "Finally, a Video About Breast Self-Exams You’ll Actually Want to Watch," 2 Aug. 2018 If the diverticulum ruptures, bacteria escape into the abdomen, leading to a more widespread infection. Andrea K. Mcdaniels, baltimoresun.com, "Diverticulitis can cause digestive problems for some," 7 June 2018 Pushing those limits too far can result in ruptures, sprains, and overall intense back pain. Kayla Keegan, Good Housekeeping, "Does 'AGT' Star Sofie Dossi Have a Spine? An Investigation.," 7 Jan. 2019 Lightning strikes can also rupture eardrums, as well as burn clothes and cause blood vessel ruptures that form a Lichtenberg figure, a tree-like scarring pattern, on the skin. Caitlin Wolper, Teen Vogue, "What Happens When You Get Struck by Lightening," 15 Aug. 2018 But the playmaker suffered a cruciate ligament rupture just before La Albiceleste were set to fly off to Russia, with the injury expected to keep Lanzini out of action until December. SI.com, "Jurgen Klopp's Mystery Plot for January Target Is Finally Revealed as Potential Coutinho Replacement," 11 June 2018 This type of ovulation pain occurs when the follicle ruptures and releases its egg, according to the Mayo Clinic. Amy Marturana, SELF, "12 Causes of Spotting and Breakthrough Bleeding," 28 Dec. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Basically, her stiff, untreated lung expanded too fast, ruptured, then collapsed. Marie Mccullough, Philly.com, "Temple-led study of lung-shrinking valves offers new hope for advanced emphysema," 22 May 2018 If the conventions are ruptured, the management incentives become complex to work out. James Mackintosh, WSJ, "When Investing Is About the CEO’s Goodwill," 17 Feb. 2019 Teams focused their searches Monday morning in areas where a bus was immersed and where many workers were eating lunch at the mine cafeteria when the dam ruptured. Peter Prengaman, The Seattle Times, "Searchers probe deep mud from Brazil dam breach; 65 dead," 29 Jan. 2019 Next time pollen enters the nose, these stronger antibodies will recognize the pollen, lock onto it, and cause those white blood cells to rupture. Maureen Langley, Post-Tribune, "Experts: Indiana's allergy season worse than usual this year," 3 July 2018 Instead, these ants can choose to rupture their abdominal wall, spraying their stomach fluids on everything around them. Avery Thompson, Popular Mechanics, "Scientists Discover New Species of 'Exploding Ant'," 20 Apr. 2018 According to the Mayo Clinic, a ruptured spleen typically occurs during a forceful blow to the abdomen and can cause life-threatening internal bleeding without emergency treatment. Alexandria Hein, Fox News, "High school football player ruptures spleen during game," 6 Sep. 2018 If a cabin crew does not remember to pressurize the cabin, as with the Jet Airways flight, the gases in your body will expand beyond what they are supposed to, rupturing tissues and causing bleeding. Aditi Shrikant, Vox, "This is what happens to your body when an airplane cabin isn’t pressurized," 21 Sep. 2018 The one that ruptured Thursday was not the one that failed in 2014. Joseph A. Gambardello, Philly.com, "Recent 48-inch water main breaks in Philadelphia," 3 July 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'rupture.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

See More

First Known Use of rupture

Noun

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 2a

Verb

1578, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

History and Etymology for rupture

Noun

Middle English ruptur, from Anglo-French or Latin; Anglo-French rupture, from Latin ruptura fracture, from ruptus, past participle of rumpere to break — more at reave

Keep scrolling for more

Learn More about rupture

Statistics for rupture

Last Updated

30 Jan 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for rupture

The first known use of rupture was in the 15th century

See more words from the same century

Keep scrolling for more

More Definitions for rupture

rupture

noun

English Language Learners Definition of rupture

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a crack or break in something (such as a pipe)
: a break or tear in a part of the body
: a break in good relations between people or countries

rupture

verb

English Language Learners Definition of rupture (Entry 2 of 2)

: to break or burst
medical : to cause a break or tear in (a part of the body)
: to damage or destroy (a relationship, situation, etc.)

rupture

noun
rup·​ture | \ ˈrəp-chər How to pronounce rupture (audio) \

Kids Definition of rupture

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a break in peaceful or friendly relations
2 : a breaking or tearing apart of body tissue rupture of an eardrum
3 : a crack or break in something a pipeline rupture

rupture

verb
ruptured; rupturing

Kids Definition of rupture (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : to part by violence : break
2 : to produce a break or tear in High water pressure ruptured the pipe.
3 : to have or develop a break or tear The blood vessel ruptured.

rupture

noun
rup·​ture | \ ˈrəp-chər How to pronounce rupture (audio) \

Medical Definition of rupture

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : the tearing apart of a tissue rupture of heart muscle rupture of an intervertebral disk
2 : hernia

rupture

verb
ruptured; rupturing\ -​chə-​riŋ, -​shriŋ How to pronounce rupturing (audio) \

Medical Definition of rupture (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

: to produce a rupture in rupture an eardrum

intransitive verb

: to have or undergo a rupture

Keep scrolling for more

More from Merriam-Webster on rupture

Spanish Central: Translation of rupture

Nglish: Translation of rupture for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of rupture for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about rupture

Comments on rupture

What made you want to look up rupture? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

WORD OF THE DAY

grandiloquent, ostentatious, or bombastic

Get Word of the Day daily email!

Test Your Vocabulary

Original Meanings Quiz

  • rembrandt-painting-a-young-scholar-and-his-tutor
  • Which of the following is the earliest known sense of the word awe?
How Strong Is Your Vocabulary?

Test your vocabulary with our 10-question quiz!

TAKE THE QUIZ
Word Winder's CrossWinder

Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.

TAKE THE QUIZ

Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!