flagellate

verb
flag·el·late | \ˈfla-jə-ˌlāt \
flagellated; flagellating

Definition of flagellate 

(Entry 1 of 3)

transitive verb

1 : whip, scourge

2 : to drive or punish as if by whipping

flagellate

adjective
fla·gel·late | \ˈfla-jə-lət, -ˌlāt; flə-ˈje-lət \

Definition of flagellate (Entry 2 of 3)

1a or flagellated \ˈfla-jə-ˌlā-təd \ : having flagella

b : shaped like a flagellum

2 [ 3flagellate ] : of, relating to, or caused by flagellates flagellate diarrhea

flagellate

noun
\ same as 2flagellate \

Definition of flagellate (Entry 3 of 3)

: a flagellate protozoan or alga

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Examples of flagellate in a Sentence

Verb

some medieval monks believed it was necessary to flagellate themselves in order to keep their desires in check

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

But abstaining from them entirely can make our lives as cramped, joyless, bitter, and self-flagellating as obsessing about our looks does. Charlotte Shane, The Cut, "I Think About This a Lot: Emily Weiss’s Wedding Prep Routine," 3 Apr. 2018 The central composer was the twentieth-century Russian ascetic Galina Ustvolskaya, who wrote spiritual music of flagellating force. Alex Ross, The New Yorker, "The Sonic Fury of the Ojai Music Festival," 24 June 2018 Long distance is a draining, self-flagellating enterprise. Nicole Clark, The Cut, "The Video Game That Got Me Through My Long-Distance Relationship," 18 Apr. 2018 Next month, Starbucks will have a self-flagellating session to command compassion in its stores. Stu Bykofsky, Philly.com, "Outside Starbucks, retail trespass arrests are rare in Center City | Stu Bykofsky," 26 Apr. 2018 Tortured, self-flagellating ideas looped in his head. Christopher Solomon, Outside Online, "The Boy Who Lived on Edges," 22 Mar. 2018 The seven days culminate with a Sunday procession, which includes hundreds of self-flagellating, hooded penitents. Text By Gaia Pianigiani, New York Times, "Religious Rite Takes Hamlet Back in Time Every Seven Years," 10 Sep. 2017 Some of the penitents flagellated themselves while walking for hours, beseeching the Madonna to heal them or to cure their sick children. Text By Gaia Pianigiani, New York Times, "Religious Rite Takes Hamlet Back in Time Every Seven Years," 10 Sep. 2017 Lowe, however, was almost self-flagellating in his acceptance speech. Andy Gensler, Billboard, "Nick Lowe On His A2IM Independent Icon Award, The Indie-Major Divide, Not Being Bono (Q&A)," 13 June 2017

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

With the possible exception of medicine, no other profession self-flagellates (and self-congratulates) over ethics like journalism. Dan Sweeney, Sun-Sentinel.com, "Where is the line on disclosure for journalists?," 23 Apr. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'flagellate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of flagellate

Verb

circa 1623, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Adjective

circa 1859, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Noun

1879, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for flagellate

Verb

Latin flagellatus, past participle of flagellare, from flagellum, diminutive of flagrum whip; perhaps akin to Old Norse blaka to wave

Adjective

New Latin flagellatus, from flagellum

Noun

New Latin Flagellata, class of unicellular organisms, from neuter plural of flagellatus

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Time Traveler for flagellate

The first known use of flagellate was circa 1623

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More Definitions for flagellate

flagellate

verb

English Language Learners Definition of flagellate

: to hit (yourself or another person) with a whip as punishment or as part of a religious ritual

flagellate

adjective
fla·gel·late | \ˈflaj-ə-lət, -ˌlāt; flə-ˈjel-ət \

Medical Definition of flagellate 

(Entry 1 of 2)

1a or flagellated \ˈflaj-ə-ˌlāt-əd \ : having flagella

b : shaped like a flagellum

2 : of, relating to, or caused by flagellates flagellate diarrhea

flagellate

noun

Medical Definition of flagellate (Entry 2 of 2)

: a flagellate protozoan or alga

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