flagellate

verb
flag·​el·​late | \ ˈfla-jə-ˌlāt How to pronounce flagellate (audio) \
flagellated; flagellating

Definition of flagellate

 (Entry 1 of 3)

transitive verb

1 : whip, scourge
2 : to drive or punish as if by whipping

flagellate

adjective
fla·​gel·​late | \ ˈfla-jə-lət How to pronounce flagellate (audio) , -ˌlāt How to pronounce flagellate (audio) ; flə-ˈje-lət How to pronounce flagellate (audio) \

Definition of flagellate (Entry 2 of 3)

1a : having flagella
b : shaped like a flagellum
2 [ 3flagellate ] : of, relating to, or caused by flagellates flagellate diarrhea

flagellate

noun
fla·​gel·​late | \ ˈfla-jə-lət How to pronounce flagellate (audio) , -ˌlāt How to pronounce flagellate (audio) ; flə-ˈje-lət How to pronounce flagellate (audio) \

Definition of flagellate (Entry 3 of 3)

: a flagellate protozoan or alga

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Examples of flagellate in a Sentence

Verb

some medieval monks believed it was necessary to flagellate themselves in order to keep their desires in check

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Afghan Shiite Muslims flagellated themselves with chains on Thursday during a mourning procession commemorating Ashura, in Herat, Afghanistan. Ehsanullah Amiri, WSJ, "‘Die If Necessary’; Targeted Afghan Minority Prepares to Fight," 21 Sep. 2018 But abstaining from them entirely can make our lives as cramped, joyless, bitter, and self-flagellating as obsessing about our looks does. Charlotte Shane, The Cut, "I Think About This a Lot: Emily Weiss’s Wedding Prep Routine," 3 Apr. 2018 The central composer was the twentieth-century Russian ascetic Galina Ustvolskaya, who wrote spiritual music of flagellating force. Alex Ross, The New Yorker, "The Sonic Fury of the Ojai Music Festival," 24 June 2018 Long distance is a draining, self-flagellating enterprise. Nicole Clark, The Cut, "The Video Game That Got Me Through My Long-Distance Relationship," 18 Apr. 2018 Next month, Starbucks will have a self-flagellating session to command compassion in its stores. Stu Bykofsky, Philly.com, "Outside Starbucks, retail trespass arrests are rare in Center City | Stu Bykofsky," 26 Apr. 2018 Tortured, self-flagellating ideas looped in his head. Christopher Solomon, Outside Online, "The Boy Who Lived on Edges," 22 Mar. 2018 The seven days culminate with a Sunday procession, which includes hundreds of self-flagellating, hooded penitents. Text By Gaia Pianigiani, New York Times, "Religious Rite Takes Hamlet Back in Time Every Seven Years," 10 Sep. 2017 Some of the penitents flagellated themselves while walking for hours, beseeching the Madonna to heal them or to cure their sick children. Text By Gaia Pianigiani, New York Times, "Religious Rite Takes Hamlet Back in Time Every Seven Years," 10 Sep. 2017

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

With the possible exception of medicine, no other profession self-flagellates (and self-congratulates) over ethics like journalism. Dan Sweeney, Sun-Sentinel.com, "Where is the line on disclosure for journalists?," 23 Apr. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'flagellate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of flagellate

Verb

circa 1623, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Adjective

circa 1859, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Noun

1879, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for flagellate

Verb

Latin flagellatus, past participle of flagellare, from flagellum, diminutive of flagrum whip; perhaps akin to Old Norse blaka to wave

Adjective

New Latin flagellatus, from flagellum

Noun

New Latin Flagellata, class of unicellular organisms, from neuter plural of flagellatus

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Statistics for flagellate

Last Updated

23 Apr 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for flagellate

The first known use of flagellate was circa 1623

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More Definitions for flagellate

flagellate

verb

English Language Learners Definition of flagellate

formal : to hit (yourself or another person) with a whip as punishment or as part of a religious ritual

flagellate

adjective
fla·​gel·​late | \ ˈflaj-ə-lət How to pronounce flagellate (audio) , -ˌlāt; flə-ˈjel-ət How to pronounce flagellate (audio) \

Medical Definition of flagellate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a or flagellated \ ˈflaj-​ə-​ˌlāt-​əd How to pronounce flagellated (audio) \ : having flagella
b : shaped like a flagellum
2 : of, relating to, or caused by flagellates flagellate diarrhea

flagellate

noun

Medical Definition of flagellate (Entry 2 of 2)

: a flagellate protozoan or alga

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More from Merriam-Webster on flagellate

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with flagellate

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for flagellate

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about flagellate

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