1

extract

verb ex·tract \ ik-ˈstrakt , usually in sense 5 ˈek-ˌstrakt \
Updated on: 19 Apr 2018

Definition of extract

1 a : to draw forth (as by research)
  • extract data
b : to pull or take out forcibly
  • extracted a wisdom tooth
c : to obtain by much effort from someone unwilling
  • extracted a confession
2 a : to withdraw (something, such as a juice or a constituent element) by physical or chemical process
b : to treat with a solvent so as to remove a soluble substance
3 : to separate (a metal) from an ore
4 : to determine (a mathematical root) by calculation
5 : to select (excerpts) and copy out or cite

extractability

play \ik-ˌstrak-tə-ˈbi-lə-tē, (ˌ)ek-\ noun

extractable

play \ik-ˈstrak-tə-bəl, ˈek-ˌstrak-\ adjective

Examples of extract in a Sentence

  1. He extracted a credit card from his wallet.

  2. I had to have a tooth extracted.

  3. The tumor was surgically extracted.

  4. We finally extracted a confession from him.

  5. Investigators were able to extract useful information from the company's financial records.

  6. They are hoping to extract new insights from the test results.

  7. The machines extract the juice from the apples.

  8. oil extracted from sunflower seeds

  9. venom extracted from poisonous snakes

Recent Examples of extract from the Web

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'extract.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Do you exact or extract revenge?

The verb exact (as in, "exacting revenge" or "exacting a promise") is not as commonly encountered as the adjective exact, (as in "an exact copy" or "exact measurements"). Sometimes people will mistakenly use the more common verb extract when they really want exact. Extract can refer to removing something by pulling or cutting or to getting information from someone who does not want to give it. While both words refer to getting something they are used in different ways. You extract a tooth, but you exact revenge.

Origin and Etymology of extract

Middle English, from Latin extractus, past participle of extrahere, from ex- + trahere to draw

extract Synonyms

Synonym Discussion of extract

educe, evoke, elicit, extract, extort mean to draw out something hidden, latent, or reserved. educe implies the bringing out of something potential or latent.
    • educed order out of chaos
evoke implies a strong stimulus that arouses an emotion or an interest or recalls an image or memory.
    • a song that evokes warm memories
elicit usually implies some effort or skill in drawing forth a response.
    • careful questioning elicited the truth
extract implies the use of force or pressure in obtaining answers or information.
    • extracted a confession from him
extort suggests a wringing or wresting from one who resists strongly.
    • extorted their cooperation by threatening to inform

Other Chemical Engineering Terms


2

extract

noun ex·tract \ ˈek-ˌstrakt \

Definition of extract

1 : a selection from a writing or discourse : excerpt
2 : a product (such as an essence or concentrate) prepared by extracting; especially : a solution (as in alcohol) of essential constituents of a complex material (such as meat or an aromatic plant)

Examples of extract in a Sentence

  1. The recipe calls for a tablespoon of vanilla extract.

  2. the anthology includes a long extract from the epic poem

Recent Examples of extract from the Web

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'extract.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of extract

15th century

extract Synonyms



EXTRACT Defined for English Language Learners

extract

Definition of extract for English Language Learners

  • : to remove (something) by pulling it out or cutting it out

  • : to get (information, a response, etc.) from someone who does not want to give it

  • : to get (something, such as information) from something


extract

Definition of extract for English Language Learners

  • : a substance that you get from something by using a machine or chemicals

  • : a short piece of writing that is taken from a longer work (such as a book)


EXTRACT Defined for Kids

1

extract

verb ex·tract \ ik-ˈstrakt \

Definition of extract for Students

extracted; extracting
1 : to remove by pulling
  • extract a tooth
2 : to get out by pressing, distilling, or by a chemical process
  • extract juice
3 : to choose and take out for separate use
  • He extracted a few lines from a poem.

Word Root of extract

The Latin word tractus, meaning “pulled” or “dragged,” gives us the root tract. Words from the Latin tractus have to do with being pulled or dragged. To attract is to pull or draw towards you. To distract is to pull someone's attention away from something. To extract is to pull one thing out of another. To subtract is to pull a portion or number away from a group or from a whole.

2

extract

noun ex·tract \ ˈek-ˌstrakt \

Definition of extract for Students

1 : a selection from a writing
2 : a product obtained by pressing, distilling, or by a chemical process
  • vanilla extract

Medical Dictionary

1

extract

transitive verb ex·tract \ ik-ˈstrakt \

medical Definition of extract

1 : to pull or take out forcibly
  • extracted a wisdom tooth
2 : to withdraw (as the medicinally active components of a plant or animal tissue) by physical or chemical process; also : to treat with a solvent so as to remove a soluble substance

extractability

play \ik-ˌstrak-tə-ˈbil-ət-ē, (ˌ)ek-\ noun, plural extractabilities

extractable

also extractible play \ik-ˈstrak-tə-bəl, ˈek-ˌ\ adjective

2

extract

noun ex·tract \ ˈek-ˌstrakt \

medical Definition of extract

: something prepared by extracting; especially : a medicinally active pharmaceutical solution

Law Dictionary

extract

noun ex·tract \ ˈek-ˌstrakt \

legal Definition of extract

: a certified copy of a document that forms part of or is preserved in a public record


Seen and Heard

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