examine

verb
ex·​am·​ine | \ ig-ˈza-mən How to pronounce examine (audio) \
examined; examining\ ig-​ˈzam-​niŋ How to pronounce examining (audio) , -​ˈza-​mə-​ \

Definition of examine

transitive verb

1a : to inspect closely
b : to test the condition of
c : to inquire into carefully : investigate
2a : to interrogate closely examine a prisoner
b : to test by questioning in order to determine progress, fitness, or knowledge

intransitive verb

: to make or give an examination

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Other Words from examine

examinable \ ig-​ˈza-​mə-​nə-​bəl How to pronounce examinable (audio) \ adjective
examiner \ ig-​ˈzam-​nər How to pronounce examiner (audio) , -​ˈza-​mə-​ \ noun

Choose the Right Synonym for examine

scrutinize, scan, inspect, examine mean to look at or over. scrutinize stresses close attention to minute detail. scrutinized the hospital bill scan implies a surveying from point to point often suggesting a cursory overall observation. scanned the wine list inspect implies scrutinizing for errors or defects. inspected my credentials examine suggests a scrutiny in order to determine the nature, condition, or quality of a thing. examined the specimens

Examples of examine in a Sentence

An accountant has been hired to examine the company's books. The police examined the evidence carefully. You should have your eyes examined. He was examined by several doctors, who found nothing wrong with him.
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Recent Examples on the Web In particular, state prosecutors are examining whether the company falsely accounted for the reimbursements as a legal expense. BostonGlobe.com, "Both Trump and his company reimbursed Michael D. Cohen, the president’s former lawyer and fixer, for money Cohen paid to buy the silence of Stormy Daniels, a pornographic film actress who said she had an affair with Trump. The president has denied the affair.," 17 Sep. 2019 For the Washington Post, Robin Givhan examines how Howard University shaped Sen. Kamala Harris’s worldview. Fortune, "Indra Nooyi: ‘We Need Our Own Sisterhood’," 17 Sep. 2019 Instead, the median gap examines what women and men earn across an entire institution. CNN, "The gender pay gap will remain until companies change their ways," 17 Sep. 2019 Michael McCann examines what might come out of the NFL’s meeting with Antonio Brown’s accuser. Alaa Abdeldaiem, SI.com, "The Most Impressive NFL Rookies Through Two Weeks," 16 Sep. 2019 Woodson’s tale examines how Iris’ unplanned teen pregnancy and Melody’s subsequent birth affected the lives and opportunities of two families of disparate means. Heather Scott Partington, USA TODAY, "Jacqueline Woodson's 'Red at the Bone' a poignant generational tale of unplanned pregnancy," 16 Sep. 2019 In particular, the state prosecutors are examining whether the company falsely accounted for the reimbursements as a legal expense. New York Times, "8 Years of Trump Tax Returns Are Subpoenaed by Manhattan D.A.," 16 Sep. 2019 In Idaho, for example, the company examined the security of the Department of Environmental Quality, but not the state’s online voter registration system. Jessica Huseman, ProPublica, "Report on Election Security Gains Attention, and a Sharp Rebuke," 13 Sep. 2019 Several states are examining sewage sludge for PFAS contamination and assessing potential dangers. Washington Post, "Concerns rise over tainted sewage sludge spread on croplands," 13 Sep. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'examine.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of examine

14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

History and Etymology for examine

Middle English, from Anglo-French examiner, from Latin examinare, from examen

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Statistics for examine

Last Updated

4 Nov 2019

Time Traveler for examine

The first known use of examine was in the 14th century

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More Definitions for examine

examine

verb
How to pronounce examine (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of examine

: to look at (something) closely and carefully in order to learn more about it, to find problems, etc.
: to test or look carefully at (something or someone) for signs of illness or injury
law : to question (someone) closely

examine

verb
ex·​am·​ine | \ ig-ˈza-mən How to pronounce examine (audio) \
examined; examining

Kids Definition of examine

1 : to look at or check carefully He had his eyes examined.
2 : to question closely The police examined a witness.

examine

verb
ex·​am·​ine | \ ig-ˈzam-ən How to pronounce examine (audio) \
examined; examining\ -​(ə-​)niŋ How to pronounce examining (audio) \

Medical Definition of examine

transitive verb

: to inspect or test for evidence of disease or abnormality the doctor examined the young men and found them in perfect health

intransitive verb

: to make or give an examination the doctor will examine at the infirmary

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ex·​am·​ine
examined; examining

Legal Definition of examine

1 : to investigate or inspect closely examine the title — compare audit
2 : to question closely especially in a court proceeding — compare depose

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More from Merriam-Webster on examine

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for examine

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with examine

Spanish Central: Translation of examine

Nglish: Translation of examine for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of examine for Arabic Speakers

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