examine

verb
ex·​am·​ine | \ ig-ˈza-mən How to pronounce examine (audio) \
examined; examining\ ig-​ˈzam-​niŋ How to pronounce examining (audio) , -​ˈza-​mə-​ \

Definition of examine

transitive verb

1a : to inspect closely
b : to test the condition of
c : to inquire into carefully : investigate
2a : to interrogate closely examine a prisoner
b : to test by questioning in order to determine progress, fitness, or knowledge

intransitive verb

: to make or give an examination

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Other Words from examine

examinable \ ig-​ˈza-​mə-​nə-​bəl How to pronounce examinable (audio) \ adjective
examiner \ ig-​ˈzam-​nər How to pronounce examiner (audio) , -​ˈza-​mə-​ \ noun

Synonyms for examine

Synonyms

catechize, grill, interrogate, pump, query, question, quiz, sweat [slang]

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Choose the Right Synonym for examine

scrutinize, scan, inspect, examine mean to look at or over. scrutinize stresses close attention to minute detail. scrutinized the hospital bill scan implies a surveying from point to point often suggesting a cursory overall observation. scanned the wine list inspect implies scrutinizing for errors or defects. inspected my credentials examine suggests a scrutiny in order to determine the nature, condition, or quality of a thing. examined the specimens

Examples of examine in a Sentence

An accountant has been hired to examine the company's books. The police examined the evidence carefully. You should have your eyes examined. He was examined by several doctors, who found nothing wrong with him.
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Recent Examples on the Web

Researchers examined all trades for stocks in the Russell 3000 index during 2016 and found that nearly 24% of them were executed during times when better prices may have been available. Cezary Podkul, WSJ, "Brief Price Gaps in Stocks Cost Investors $2 Billion a Year," 14 Feb. 2019 Ryder’s decisions, like many of the companies the researchers examined, likely had both political and economic factors. Emily Stewart, Vox, "Companies who donated to Republicans made sure the tax cuts looked helpful for workers," 17 Dec. 2018 For this study, researchers examined rocks from these caldera-forming eruptions — and 21 smaller eruptions from the same volcano — to pinpoint how the reservoirs of magma underneath Campi Flegrei changed over time. Mary Beth Griggs, The Verge, "An Italian volcano’s massive eruptions fit a pattern — and the cycle may have restarted," 14 Nov. 2018 To find out, the researchers examined two sets of nearby galaxies. Chris Lee, Ars Technica, "Galaxy mergers hide ravenous supermassive black holes," 14 Nov. 2018 Researchers examined collagen from the man’s right femur and a rib, according to a study published in 2015 in Radiocarbon. Mark Barna, Discover Magazine, "When Farmers and Foragers First Met," 24 Oct. 2018 The researchers examined campaigns posted from November 2015 through mid-December 2017, mostly on GoFundMe. Lindsey Tanner, The Seattle Times, "Desperate & duped? GoFundMe means big bucks for dubious care," 24 Oct. 2018 In a 2010 study published in the journal Psychological Science, researchers examined how often men apologized for misgivings than women. Stacey Leasca, Glamour, "Christine Blasey Ford's Attempts to Make Everyone Comfortable Is a Burden Women Know Well," 28 Sep. 2018 In this November 2010 photo provided by the South Tyrol Museum of Archaeology, researchers examine the body of a frozen hunter known as Oetzi the Iceman to sample his stomach contents in Bolzano, Italy. NBC News, "Insides of ancient 'Iceman' shows signs of a well-balanced last meal," 12 July 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'examine.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of examine

14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

History and Etymology for examine

Middle English, from Anglo-French examiner, from Latin examinare, from examen

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Statistics for examine

Last Updated

11 Mar 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for examine

The first known use of examine was in the 14th century

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More Definitions for examine

examine

verb

English Language Learners Definition of examine

: to look at (something) closely and carefully in order to learn more about it, to find problems, etc.
: to test or look carefully at (something or someone) for signs of illness or injury
law : to question (someone) closely

examine

verb
ex·​am·​ine | \ ig-ˈza-mən How to pronounce examine (audio) \
examined; examining

Kids Definition of examine

1 : to look at or check carefully He had his eyes examined.
2 : to question closely The police examined a witness.

examine

verb
ex·​am·​ine | \ ig-ˈzam-ən How to pronounce examine (audio) \
examined; examining\ -​(ə-​)niŋ How to pronounce examining (audio) \

Medical Definition of examine

transitive verb

: to inspect or test for evidence of disease or abnormality the doctor examined the young men and found them in perfect health

intransitive verb

: to make or give an examination the doctor will examine at the infirmary

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examine

transitive verb
ex·​am·​ine
examined; examining

Legal Definition of examine

1 : to investigate or inspect closely examine the title — compare audit
2 : to question closely especially in a court proceeding — compare depose

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More from Merriam-Webster on examine

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with examine

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for examine

Spanish Central: Translation of examine

Nglish: Translation of examine for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of examine for Arabic Speakers

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