euphemism

noun eu·phe·mism \ ˈyü-fə-ˌmi-zəm \
Updated on: 17 Nov 2017

Definition of euphemism

:the substitution of an agreeable or inoffensive expression for one that may offend or suggest something unpleasant; also :the expression so substituted

euphemist

play \ˈyü-fə-mist\ noun

euphemistic

play \ˌyü-fə-ˈmi-stik\ adjective

euphemistically

play \ˌyü-fə-ˈmi-sti-k(ə-)lē\ adverb

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Examples of euphemism in a Sentence

  1. Cougar is the euphemism for a woman who has reached mid-life, who is single, financially secure and on the lookout for relationships with younger men—as in "prey." —Kerry GoldVancouver Sun17 Feb. 2001
  2. Spin is sometimes dismissed as a simple euphemism for lying. But it's actually something more insidious: indifference to the truth. —Michael KinsleyTime25 Dec. 2000–1 Jan. 2001
  3. "Invigorating" is the euphemism we use most often to describe the chilly waters off the coast, but knowledgeable Maine boaters know where to find the warmer, tidal waters just right for a midsummer dip. —Ken TextorDown EastAugust 2001
  4. If you are "let go," "separated," "terminated" or whatever euphemism the company uses for "clean-out-your-desk-and-be-gone," remember that you do have rights. —Elsie MaclayFirst for WomenJuly 1989
  5. using “eliminate” as a euphemism for “kill”

Recent Examples of euphemism from the Web

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'euphemism.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

How and Why We Use euphemisms

Euphemisms can take different forms, but they all involve substituting a word or phrase considered to be less offensive than another. The substituted word might, for example, be viewed as a less coarse choice, as when dang or darn is used instead of damn or damned. Or it might replace a word viewed as insulting to a religious figure, such as the various euphemisms for God (gad, gadzooks, gosh) or Jesus (gee, jeepers, jeez). A euphemism may also consist of an indirect softening phrase that is substituted for the straightforward naming of something unpalatable. Thus, we hear of people being “let go” rather than “fired”; civilians killed in war described as “collateral damage”; or someone who has died having “kicked the bucket,” “passed away, “given up the ghost,” or “joined one’s ancestors.”

Did You Know?

Euphemism derives from the Greek word euphēmos, which means "auspicious" or "sounding good." The first part of "euphēmos" is the Greek prefix eu-, meaning "well." The second part is "phēmē," a Greek word for "speech" that is itself a derivative of the verb phanai, meaning "to speak." Among the numerous linguistic cousins of "euphemism" on the "eu-" side of the family are "eulogy," "euphoria," and "euthanasia"; on the "phanai" side, its kin include "prophet" and "aphasia" ("loss of the power to understand words").

Origin and Etymology of euphemism

Greek euphēmismos, from euphēmos auspicious, sounding good, from eu- + phēmē speech, from phanai to speak — more at ban


EUPHEMISM Defined for English Language Learners

euphemism

noun

Definition of euphemism for English Language Learners

  • : a mild or pleasant word or phrase that is used instead of one that is unpleasant or offensive



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to praise usually to excess

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