estrogen

noun
es·​tro·​gen | \ ˈe-strə-jən How to pronounce estrogen (audio) \

Definition of estrogen

: any of various natural steroids (such as estradiol) that are formed from androgen precursors, that are secreted chiefly by the ovaries, placenta, adipose tissue, and testes, and that stimulate the development of female secondary sex characteristics and promote the growth and maintenance of the female reproductive system also : any of various synthetic or semisynthetic steroids (such as ethinyl estradiol) that mimic the physiological effect of natural estrogens

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Examples of estrogen in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web

On average, toward the end of our 30s our bodies start producing less of the hormones estrogen and progestin, according to the Mayo Clinic. Colleen Stinchcombe, Woman's Day, "How Long Does Menopause Last?," 6 Sep. 2018 And both estrogen and progestin in hormonal treatments can prevent the growth of endometriosis lesions in some people. Colleen Stinchcombe, SELF, "How Does Endometriosis Impact Fertility?," 8 Feb. 2019 Drinking The occasional glass of wine won't affect your period, but excessive, heavy alcohol use can increase the levels of estrogen-disrupting hormones enough so to cause late and irregular periods. Caroline Picard, Good Housekeeping, "8 Reasons for a Late Period Besides Pregnancy, According to an OB/GYN," 30 Nov. 2018 However, many patients are prescribed anti-estrogen drugs during or after cancer treatment (possibly for up to a decade), which would need to be discontinued before breastfeeding or becoming pregnant, Dr. Litton says. Claire Gillespie, SELF, "This Mom Posted an Emotional Breastfeeding Photo After Her Mastectomy: ‘Never Be Ashamed of a Scar’," 7 Sep. 2018 The good news is that vaginal estrogen cream has been clinically proven to significantly reduce the risk of UTIs in postmenopausal folks (whether or not their UTI is the result of intercourse). Carolyn Todd, Allure, "This Is Why You Keep Getting UTIs After Sex," 13 Aug. 2018 On the flip side, an increase in body fat can also alter your estrogen levels, causing a late period. Caroline Picard, Good Housekeeping, "8 Reasons for a Late Period Besides Pregnancy, According to an OB/GYN," 30 Nov. 2018 This is due to the aforementioned excess estrogen this cancer can create. Korin Miller, SELF, "The Three Types of Ovarian Cancer You Should Know," 1 Nov. 2018 Low estrogen levels after menopause can lead to GSM, which comes with its own slew of bothersome symptoms, like vaginal dryness, itching, dyspareunia, urinary urgency and increased frequency, and urinary tract infections. Lindsay Carlton, Fox News, "Actress Cheryl Hines on the awkwardness of menopause," 28 Sep. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'estrogen.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of estrogen

1927, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for estrogen

New Latin estrus + International Scientific Vocabulary -o- + -gen

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Statistics for estrogen

Last Updated

15 Apr 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for estrogen

The first known use of estrogen was in 1927

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More Definitions for estrogen

estrogen

noun

English Language Learners Definition of estrogen

medical : a substance (called a hormone) that occurs naturally in women

estrogen

noun
es·​tro·​gen | \ ˈes-trə-jən How to pronounce estrogen (audio) \
variants: or chiefly British oestrogen \ ˈē-​strə-​jən How to pronounce oestrogen (audio) \

Medical Definition of estrogen

: any of various natural steroids (as estradiol) that are formed from androgen precursors, that are secreted chiefly by the ovaries, placenta, adipose tissue, and testes, and that stimulate the development of female secondary sex characteristics and promote the growth and maintenance of the female reproductive system also : any of various synthetic or semisynthetic steroids (as ethinyl estradiol) that mimic the physiological effect of natural estrogens

Other Words from estrogen

estrogen-like or estrogenlike \ -​ˌlīk How to pronounce estrogenlike (audio) \ adjective
an estrogen-like compound estrogen-like effects

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More from Merriam-Webster on estrogen

Spanish Central: Translation of estrogen

Nglish: Translation of estrogen for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of estrogen for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about estrogen

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