estrogen

noun
es·​tro·​gen | \ ˈe-strə-jən How to pronounce estrogen (audio) \

Definition of estrogen

: any of various natural steroids (such as estradiol) that are formed from androgen precursors, that are secreted chiefly by the ovaries, placenta, adipose tissue, and testes, and that stimulate the development of female secondary sex characteristics and promote the growth and maintenance of the female reproductive system also : any of various synthetic or semisynthetic steroids (such as ethinyl estradiol) that mimic the physiological effect of natural estrogens

Examples of estrogen in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Reproductive hormones have been the biggest area of focus, with research suggesting that estrogen, progesterone and testosterone affect both normal and abnormal food intake. Kate Willsky, Washington Post, 26 July 2022 These treatments—principally drugs that delay the onset of puberty, and hormone treatments such as testosterone and estrogen—help trans people achieve the bodies and appearances that feel right to them. Wired, 20 July 2022 Secreted by the adrenal glands, DHEA plays a key role in manufacturing both testosterone and estrogen, and DHEA levels can serve as an indicator for certain diseases. Lauren Collins, The New Yorker, 5 July 2022 The state’s guidance advises against gender-affirming treatment for people under the age of 18, including surgery as well as the prescription of hormone therapy or puberty blockers, which suppress the release of testosterone or estrogen. al, 20 Apr. 2022 Irreversible parts of transition only begin to take place when transgender adolescents decide to take gender affirming hormones, like testosterone or estrogen. Zoe Christen Jones, CBS News, 31 Mar. 2022 Meyers said the skin grafts might someday be used to treat other conditions, such as diabetes, cognitive decline, obesity or thyroid problems, or to produce testosterone or estrogen for people going through gender transition. John Keilman, chicagotribune.com, 15 Mar. 2022 Gender-affirming hormones—testosterone or estrogen—are not usuallygiven until a person is in their teens. Sara Reardon, Scientific American, 9 Apr. 2021 Existing birth control pills — based on the hormones estrogen and progesterone — prevent ovulation, the final stage in a follicle’s life cycle where an egg is released from the ovary to potentially become fertilized. Ryan Cross, BostonGlobe.com, 19 May 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'estrogen.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of estrogen

1927, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for estrogen

New Latin estrus + International Scientific Vocabulary -o- + -gen

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Time Traveler for estrogen

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The first known use of estrogen was in 1927

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Dictionary Entries Near estrogen

estriol

estrogen

estrogenic

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Statistics for estrogen

Last Updated

7 Aug 2022

Cite this Entry

“Estrogen.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/estrogen. Accessed 17 Aug. 2022.

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More Definitions for estrogen

estrogen

noun
es·​tro·​gen | \ ˈes-trə-jən How to pronounce estrogen (audio) \
variants: or chiefly British oestrogen \ ˈē-​strə-​jən How to pronounce estrogen (audio) \

Medical Definition of estrogen

: any of various natural steroids (as estradiol) that are formed from androgen precursors, that are secreted chiefly by the ovaries, placenta, adipose tissue, and testes, and that stimulate the development of female secondary sex characteristics and promote the growth and maintenance of the female reproductive system also : any of various synthetic or semisynthetic steroids (as ethinyl estradiol) that mimic the physiological effect of natural estrogens

Other Words from estrogen

estrogen-like or estrogenlike \ -​ˌlīk How to pronounce estrogen (audio) \ adjective
an estrogen-like compound estrogen-like effects

More from Merriam-Webster on estrogen

Nglish: Translation of estrogen for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of estrogen for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about estrogen

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