\ i-ˈrəpt How to pronounce erupt (audio) \
erupted; erupting; erupts

Definition of erupt

intransitive verb

1a(1) : to burst from limits or restraint
(2) of a tooth : to emerge through the gum
b : to force out or release suddenly and often violently something (such as lava or steam) that is pent up
c : to become active or violent especially suddenly : break forth war could erupt at any moment the audience erupted in applause
2 : to break out with or as if with a skin eruption

transitive verb

: to force out or release usually suddenly and violently a volcano erupting lava and ash

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Other Words from erupt

eruptible \ i-​ˈrəp-​tə-​bəl How to pronounce eruptible (audio) \ adjective
eruptive \ i-​ˈrəp-​tiv How to pronounce eruptive (audio) \ adjective
eruptively adverb

Examples of erupt in a Sentence

The volcano erupted with tremendous force. A bitter dispute has erupted among the members of the team.

Recent Examples on the Web

Before the controversy erupted, Dr. Roger Schneider, a vascular surgeon whose practice had three contracts with the system, had resigned, leaving an opening on the board. Pamela Wood,, "Maryland Gov. Hogan names 11 new members to UMMS board plagued by contracting scandal," 13 June 2019 At the time, as Rohrer recalled, also on the phone, a social media protest had erupted about living costs in Israel. Curt Schleier,, "Grandchildren of Holocaust survivor, Nazi officer collaborate on documentary," 12 June 2019 From the other room, Mrs. Gerson’s barking laughter erupted, and the children momentarily paused. Adam O’fallon Price, Harper's magazine, "The Maid’s Story," 10 June 2019 Before the survey results were revealed at the end of the season, the BALCO steroids scandal erupted, implicating Bonds. Paul Sullivan,, "7 takeaways from Bud Selig's new book, including inheriting a 'nightmare' when he took over as MLB commissioner and helping the Cubs land Theo Epstein," 9 June 2019 Steph Curry erupted for 47 points, but Golden State failed to slow down the Raptors, who tallied six players in double figures. Michael Shapiro,, "Warriors vs. Raptors Game 4 Live Stream: Watch NBA Finals Online, TV," 7 June 2019 The fallout would erupt on social media and drop a public relations nightmare on the fledgling business., "West Coast Grocery fights to right ship after rough launch: Portland Breweries Series," 7 June 2019 Ten minutes later, a cheer erupts -- the gates have opened. Billboard Staff, Billboard, "Governors Ball Day 3 Recap: Thunderstorms Make For a Three-Hour Fest, But Bazzi, Lily Allen & More Still Shine," 3 June 2019 When news hit last night that former Twilight star, Robert Pattinson, was in talks to play Bruce Wayne in director Matt Reeves’ forthcoming film The Batman, social media erupted. Janelle Okwodu, Vogue, "Can Robert Pattinson (or Nicholas Hoult) Save Batman?," 17 May 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'erupt.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of erupt

1657, in the meaning defined at intransitive sense 1a(1)

History and Etymology for erupt

Latin eruptus, past participle of erumpere to burst forth, from e- + rumpere to break — more at reave

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Statistics for erupt

Last Updated

16 Jun 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for erupt

The first known use of erupt was in 1657

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More Definitions for erupt



English Language Learners Definition of erupt

: to send out rocks, ash, lava, etc., in a sudden explosion also : to come out in a sudden explosion
: to happen or begin suddenly and violently
: to begin doing something (such as shouting or applauding) suddenly


\ i-ˈrəpt How to pronounce erupt (audio) \
erupted; erupting

Kids Definition of erupt

1 : to send out lava, rocks, and ash in a sudden explosion The volcano erupted.
2 : to burst out in a sudden explosion Lava erupted from the volcano.
3 : to happen, begin, or appear suddenly War erupted. A rash erupted on my skin.
\ i-ˈrəpt How to pronounce erupt (audio) \

Medical Definition of erupt

1 of a tooth : to emerge through the gum
2 : to break out (as with a skin eruption)

Other Words from erupt

eruptive \ -​tiv How to pronounce eruptive (audio) \ adjective

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More from Merriam-Webster on erupt

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with erupt

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for erupt

Spanish Central: Translation of erupt

Nglish: Translation of erupt for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of erupt for Arabic Speakers

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