episome

noun
epi·​some | \ ˈe-pə-ˌsōm How to pronounce episome (audio) , -ˌzōm \

Definition of episome

: a genetic determinant (such as the DNA of some bacteriophages) that can replicate autonomously in bacterial cytoplasm or as an integral part of the chromosomes

Other Words from episome

episomal \ ˌe-​pə-​ˈsō-​məl How to pronounce episome (audio) , -​ˈzō-​ \ adjective
episomally \ ˌe-​pə-​ˈsō-​mə-​lē How to pronounce episome (audio) , -​ˈzō-​ \ adverb

Examples of episome in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web The latent virus may integrate into the human genome – as does HIV, for example – or exist in the nucleus as a self-replicating piece of DNA called an episome. William Petri, The Conversation, 31 July 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'episome.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of episome

circa 1931, in the meaning defined above

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The first known use of episome was circa 1931

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Dictionary Entries Near episome

episodic

episome

episperm

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Cite this Entry

“Episome.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/episome. Accessed 16 Jan. 2022.

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More Definitions for episome

episome

noun
epi·​some | \ ˈep-ə-ˌsōm How to pronounce episome (audio) , -ˌzōm How to pronounce episome (audio) \

Medical Definition of episome

: a genetic determinant (as the DNA of some bacteriophages) that can replicate either autonomously in bacterial cytoplasm or as an integral part of their chromosomes — compare plasmid

Other Words from episome

episomal \ ˌep-​ə-​ˈsō-​məl How to pronounce episome (audio) , -​ˈzō-​ How to pronounce episome (audio) \ adjective
episomally \ -​mə-​lē How to pronounce episome (audio) \ adverb

More from Merriam-Webster on episome

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about episome

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