endemic

adjective
en·​dem·​ic | \ en-ˈde-mik How to pronounce endemic (audio) , in- \

Definition of endemic

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : belonging or native to a particular people or country
b : characteristic of or prevalent in a particular field, area, or environment problems endemic to translation the self-indulgence endemic in the film industry
2 : restricted or peculiar to a locality or region endemic diseases an endemic species

endemic

noun
en·​dem·​ic | \ en-ˈde-mik How to pronounce endemic (audio) , in- \

Definition of endemic (Entry 2 of 2)

: an organism that is restricted or peculiar to a locality or region : an endemic organism

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Other Words from endemic

Adjective

endemically \ en-​ˈde-​mi-​k(ə-​)lē How to pronounce endemically (audio) , in-​ \ adverb
endemicity \ ˌen-​ˌde-​ˈmi-​sə-​tē How to pronounce endemicity (audio) , -​də-​ˈmi-​ \ noun
endemism \ ˈen-​də-​ˌmi-​zəm How to pronounce endemism (audio) \ noun

Synonyms & Antonyms for endemic

Synonyms: Adjective

Antonyms: Adjective

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Adjective

native, indigenous, endemic, aboriginal mean belonging to a locality. native implies birth or origin in a place or region and may suggest compatibility with it. native tribal customs indigenous applies to that which is not only native but which, as far as can be determined, has never been introduced or brought from elsewhere. indigenous plants endemic implies being peculiar to a region. a disease endemic in Africa aboriginal implies having no known others preceding in occupancy of a particular region. the aboriginal peoples of Australia

Did You Know?

Adjective

If you translate it literally, endemic means "in the population." It derives from the Greek endēmos, which joins en, meaning "in," and dēmos, meaning "population." "Endemic" is often used to characterize diseases that are generally found in a particular area; malaria, for example, is said to be endemic to tropical and subtropical regions. This use differs from that of the related word epidemic in that it indicates a more or less constant presence in a particular population or area rather than a sudden, severe outbreak within that region or group. The word is also used by biologists to characterize the plant and animal species that are only found in a given area.

Examples of endemic in a Sentence

Adjective Divorce has become so endemic in our society that a whole lore has risen up around it: that divorce is a temporary crisis; that so many children have experienced their parents' divorce that children nowadays do not worry much about it; that in fact it makes things easier, and it is itself a mere rite of passage; that if the parents feel better, so will the children. — Elisabeth Lasch-Quinn, New Republic, 6 May 2002 Situated only 250 miles off the coast of Africa, Madagascar is biologically unique. Not only does it have a rich animal and plant life, it also houses a huge number of endemic species found nowhere else on earth. — Jim Milliot et al., Publishers Weekly, 15 May 2000 The rap performers I enjoy are those who emphasize production values, songcraft and that quality of playfulness endemic to all good pop. — Francis Davis, Atlantic, October 1993 the fish is not an endemic species of the lake, and it is rapidly devouring the native trout population
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Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective Now, the disease is endemic, meaning it’s always present at low levels, though researchers don’t completely understand why larger outbreaks occur during certain years. Jason Daley, Smithsonian, "Plague-Infected Prairie Dogs Cause Parks to Close Near Denver," 21 Aug. 2019 Protests in major Brazilian cities have been scheduled for this weekend, aimed at showing support for Moro and his crusade to decrease crime and endemic corruption. NBC News, "Brazil's ex-president released from prison after court ruling that could free thousands," 8 Nov. 2019 Protests in major Brazilian cities have been scheduled for this weekend, aimed at showing support for Moro and his crusade to decrease crime and endemic corruption. Mario Lobao, Anchorage Daily News, "Brazilian ex-president is released from prison," 8 Nov. 2019 Since October 1st, Iraq has witnessed waves of protests demanding jobs, public services, an end to endemic corruption, and a new government. Robin Wright, The New Yorker, "The Hostage Drama in Iran Drags On—Forty Years Later," 4 Nov. 2019 His open nostalgia for the military regime resonates with many Brazilians who, tired of endemic corruption and violence, remember that period as safer and more aligned with conservative values. Washington Post, "Censorship or caution? Culture war burns in Brazil," 4 Nov. 2019 In Iraq and Lebanon, the protest focus is endemic corruption. Ian Bremmer, Time, "Chile's Protest Reflect Our Unequal Times," 24 Oct. 2019 In the Americas, the disease is endemic in only Haiti, the Dominican Republic, Guyana, and Brazil. Beth Mole, Ars Technica, "Man has massive, rotting scrotum removed after avoiding doctors for decades," 18 Oct. 2019 Security forces responded with a crackdown on the spontaneous rallies of demonstrators demanding jobs, better services and an end to endemic corruption in the oil-rich country. chicagotribune.com, "More than 100 people were killed during six days of anti-government protests in Iraq, officials say," 6 Oct. 2019 Recent Examples on the Web: Noun The species hails from Madagascar, along with a whole range of other oddball endemics. Molly Marquand, Good Housekeeping, "5 Of The Easiest Houseplants To Grow From Cuttings," 14 Dec. 2017 Perhaps mow down the forest and focus wholly on traditional conservation of endemics plants. National Geographic, "Mysterious Island Experiment Could Help Us Colonize Other Planets," 8 May 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'endemic.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of endemic

Adjective

1759, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Noun

1926, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for endemic

Adjective

borrowed from French & New Latin; French endémique, borrowed from New Latin endēmicus, from Medieval Latin *endēmia "disease fixed in one locality" + New Latin -icus -ic entry 1; Medieval Latin *endēmia, probably from Greek éndēmos "at home, living in a place, native, confined to one area (of a disease, in galen)" (from en- en- entry 2 + -dēmos, adjective derivative of dêmos "district, country, people") on the model of epidēmia "disease affecting a large number of individuals" — more at demo-, epidemic entry 1

Note: Medieval Latin *endēmia is presumed on the basis of Middle French endemie, occurring in Thomas Le Forestier's Le regime contre epidimie et pestilence (Rouen, 1495) (see Revue de linguistique romane, vol. 36 [1972], p. 231).

Noun

derivative of endemic entry 1

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Time Traveler for endemic

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The first known use of endemic was in 1759

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Last Updated

28 Nov 2019

Cite this Entry

“Endemic.” The Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Inc., https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/endemics. Accessed 10 December 2019.

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More Definitions for endemic

endemic

adjective
How to pronounce endemic (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of endemic

: growing or existing in a certain place or region
: common in a particular area or field

endemic

adjective
en·​dem·​ic | \ en-ˈdem-ik, in- How to pronounce endemic (audio) \

Medical Definition of endemic

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: restricted or peculiar to a locality or region endemic diseases an endemic species — compare epidemic sense 1, sporadic sense 1

Other Words from endemic

endemically \ -​ˈdem-​i-​k(ə-​)lē How to pronounce endemically (audio) \ adverb

endemic

noun

Medical Definition of endemic (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : an endemic disease or an instance of its occurrence
2 : an endemic organism

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More from Merriam-Webster on endemic

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for endemic

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with endemic

Spanish Central: Translation of endemic

Nglish: Translation of endemic for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of endemic for Arabic Speakers

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