en·​dem·​ic | \ en-ˈde-mik How to pronounce endemic (audio) , in- \

Essential Meaning of endemic

1 : growing or existing in a certain place or region endemic diseases endemic wildlife
2 : common in a particular area or field

Full Definition of endemic

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : belonging or native to a particular people or country
b : characteristic of or prevalent in a particular field, area, or environment problems endemic to translation the self-indulgence endemic in the film industry
2 : restricted or peculiar to a locality or region endemic diseases an endemic species


en·​dem·​ic | \ en-ˈde-mik How to pronounce endemic (audio) , in- \

Definition of endemic (Entry 2 of 2)

: an organism that is restricted or peculiar to a locality or region : an endemic organism

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Other Words from endemic


endemically \ en-​ˈde-​mi-​k(ə-​)lē How to pronounce endemic (audio) , in-​ \ adverb
endemicity \ ˌen-​ˌde-​ˈmi-​sə-​tē How to pronounce endemic (audio) , -​də-​ˈmi-​ \ noun
endemism \ ˈen-​də-​ˌmi-​zəm How to pronounce endemic (audio) \ noun

Synonyms & Antonyms for endemic

Synonyms: Adjective

Antonyms: Adjective

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Choose the Right Synonym for endemic


native, indigenous, endemic, aboriginal mean belonging to a locality. native implies birth or origin in a place or region and may suggest compatibility with it. native tribal customs indigenous applies to that which is not only native but which, as far as can be determined, has never been introduced or brought from elsewhere. indigenous plants endemic implies being peculiar to a region. a disease endemic in Africa aboriginal implies having no known others preceding in occupancy of a particular region. the aboriginal peoples of Australia

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If you translate it literally, endemic means "in the population." It derives from the Greek endēmos, which joins en, meaning "in," and dēmos, meaning "population." "Endemic" is often used to characterize diseases that are generally found in a particular area; malaria, for example, is said to be endemic to tropical and subtropical regions. This use differs from that of the related word epidemic in that it indicates a more or less constant presence in a particular population or area rather than a sudden, severe outbreak within that region or group. The word is also used by biologists to characterize the plant and animal species that are only found in a given area.

Examples of endemic in a Sentence

Adjective Divorce has become so endemic in our society that a whole lore has risen up around it: that divorce is a temporary crisis; that so many children have experienced their parents' divorce that children nowadays do not worry much about it; that in fact it makes things easier, and it is itself a mere rite of passage; that if the parents feel better, so will the children. — Elisabeth Lasch-Quinn, New Republic, 6 May 2002 Situated only 250 miles off the coast of Africa, Madagascar is biologically unique. Not only does it have a rich animal and plant life, it also houses a huge number of endemic species found nowhere else on earth. — Jim Milliot et al., Publishers Weekly, 15 May 2000 The rap performers I enjoy are those who emphasize production values, songcraft and that quality of playfulness endemic to all good pop. — Francis Davis, Atlantic, October 1993 the fish is not an endemic species of the lake, and it is rapidly devouring the native trout population
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Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective And our society is one in which male violence is endemic. Vicky Spratt, refinery29.com, 1 Oct. 2021 If Covid-19 were to become endemic to India, health policy would need to be more nuanced and account for disease management. Manavi Kapur, Quartz, 30 Aug. 2021 As John Lane sees it, the staffing challenge is not endemic to just the restaurant industry. Marc Bona, cleveland, 26 Aug. 2021 Scientists had warned for months that the coronavirus was likely to become endemic and that herd immunity was increasingly unlikely. New York Times, 16 Aug. 2021 Scientists had warned for months that the coronavirus was likely to become endemic and that herd immunity was increasingly unlikely. BostonGlobe.com, 16 Aug. 2021 As a result, a disease that might have been better confined now threatens to become endemic. Benjamin Wallace-well, The New Yorker, 31 July 2021 That’s so endemic to Black history and Black culture. Emily Farra, Vogue, 12 Sep. 2021 For groups like Artstillery, immersion is political and endemic to their process. Manuel Mendoza, Dallas News, 27 Aug. 2021 Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Sunday’s election, which was brought forward as a concession to a protest movement that began in 2019, is dominated by the issues that triggered the upswell of dissent: an economic crisis and endemic corruption. Jared Malsin, WSJ, 10 Oct. 2021 Tens of thousands of people took to the streets to protest endemic corruption, poor services and rising unemployment. BostonGlobe.com, 10 Oct. 2021 Austin admitted that the US never understood the problems on the ground in Afghanistan, including endemic corruption that undermined and delegitimized the exact government the US was supporting. Melissa Mahtani, CNN, 28 Sep. 2021 These vaccines are the key to turning Covid-19 into an endemic but controlled communicable disease. Monica Gandhi, WSJ, 30 Sep. 2021 What begins as a black comedy about movie stars and mortals quickly turns into a novel about the endemic squandering of finite, valuable resources of all kinds, from pretty girls to fossil fuels. Philippa Snow, The New Republic, 27 Sep. 2021 But when introduced during currency crises in countries that suffer from weak institutions and endemic anomie, such systems have a poor record. Andrew Stuttaford, National Review, 24 Sep. 2021 The August quake left more than 2,200 people dead and worsened endemic problems such as gang violence, poverty and lack of health care. Melissa Bell, CNN, 23 Sep. 2021 The show feels endemic of a somewhat worrisome trend in the relationship between TV and pop these days. Judy Berman, Time, 29 July 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'endemic.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of endemic


1759, in the meaning defined at sense 1a


1926, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for endemic


borrowed from French & New Latin; French endémique, borrowed from New Latin endēmicus, from Medieval Latin *endēmia "disease fixed in one locality" + New Latin -icus -ic entry 1; Medieval Latin *endēmia, probably from Greek éndēmos "at home, living in a place, native, confined to one area (of a disease, in galen)" (from en- en- entry 2 + -dēmos, adjective derivative of dêmos "district, country, people") on the model of epidēmia "disease affecting a large number of individuals" — more at demo-, epidemic entry 1

Note: Medieval Latin *endēmia is presumed on the basis of Middle French endemie, occurring in Thomas Le Forestier's Le regime contre epidimie et pestilence (Rouen, 1495) (see Revue de linguistique romane, vol. 36 [1972], p. 231).


derivative of endemic entry 1

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The first known use of endemic was in 1759

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Last Updated

15 Oct 2021

Cite this Entry

“Endemic.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/endemic. Accessed 25 Oct. 2021.

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en·​dem·​ic | \ en-ˈdem-ik, in- How to pronounce endemic (audio) \

Medical Definition of endemic

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: restricted or peculiar to a locality or region endemic diseases an endemic species — compare epidemic sense 1, sporadic sense 1

Other Words from endemic

endemically \ -​ˈdem-​i-​k(ə-​)lē How to pronounce endemic (audio) \ adverb



Medical Definition of endemic (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : an endemic disease or an instance of its occurrence
2 : an endemic organism

More from Merriam-Webster on endemic

Nglish: Translation of endemic for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of endemic for Arabic Speakers


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