endemic

adjective
en·dem·ic | \ en-ˈde-mik , in- \

Definition of endemic 

(Entry 1 of 2)

1a : belonging or native to a particular people or country

b : characteristic of or prevalent in a particular field, area, or environment problems endemic to translation the self-indulgence endemic in the film industry

2 : restricted or peculiar to a locality or region endemic diseases an endemic species

endemic

noun
en·dem·ic | \ en-ˈde-mik , in- \

Definition of endemic (Entry 2 of 2)

: an organism that is restricted or peculiar to a locality or region : an endemic organism

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Other words from endemic

Adjective

endemically \en-ˈde-mi-k(ə-)lē, in- \ adverb
endemicity \ˌen-ˌde-ˈmi-sə-tē, -də-ˈmi- \ noun
endemism \ˈen-də-ˌmi-zəm \ noun

Synonyms & Antonyms for endemic

Synonyms: Adjective

aboriginal, born, domestic, indigenous, native

Antonyms: Adjective

nonindigenous, nonnative

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Choose the Right Synonym for endemic

Adjective

native, indigenous, endemic, aboriginal mean belonging to a locality. native implies birth or origin in a place or region and may suggest compatibility with it. native tribal customs indigenous applies to that which is not only native but which, as far as can be determined, has never been introduced or brought from elsewhere. indigenous plants endemic implies being peculiar to a region. a disease endemic in Africa aboriginal implies having no known others preceding in occupancy of a particular region. the aboriginal peoples of Australia

Did You Know?

Adjective

If you translate it literally, endemic means "in the population." It derives from the Greek endēmos, which joins en, meaning "in," and dēmos, meaning "population." "Endemic" is often used to characterize diseases that are generally found in a particular area; malaria, for example, is said to be endemic to tropical and subtropical regions. This use differs from that of the related word epidemic in that it indicates a more or less constant presence in a particular population or area rather than a sudden, severe outbreak within that region or group. The word is also used by biologists to characterize the plant and animal species that are only found in a given area.

Examples of endemic in a Sentence

Adjective

Divorce has become so endemic in our society that a whole lore has risen up around it: that divorce is a temporary crisis; that so many children have experienced their parents' divorce that children nowadays do not worry much about it; that in fact it makes things easier, and it is itself a mere rite of passage; that if the parents feel better, so will the children. —Elisabeth Lasch-Quinn, New Republic, 6 May 2002 Situated only 250 miles off the coast of Africa, Madagascar is biologically unique. Not only does it have a rich animal and plant life, it also houses a huge number of endemic species found nowhere else on earth. —Jim Milliot et al., Publishers Weekly, 15 May 2000 The rap performers I enjoy are those who emphasize production values, songcraft and that quality of playfulness endemic to all good pop. —Francis Davis, Atlantic, October 1993 the fish is not an endemic species of the lake, and it is rapidly devouring the native trout population
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Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

Indeed, a study published in the Medical Journal of Australia in 1993 found that HTLV-1 was endemic among natives in inland Australia, with a high 13.9% prevalence in the Alice Springs area. Jacqueline Howard, CNN, "Doctors raise alarm about ancient disease: 'Prevalence is off the charts'," 7 May 2018 The trick, though, will be achieving the kind of high-speed charging capabilities needed for quick-turnaround flights and overcoming the broader power-supply shortcomings endemic to dense urban environments. Eric Adams, WIRED, "Four Reasons We Don’t Have Flying Cars—Yet," 15 June 2018 The most common reason for fleeing to the United States from Central America is endemic gang violence, which drove homicide rates in El Salvador and Honduras to the world’s highest levels. Matt Ford, The New Republic, "The Immigration Forces Beyond Trump’s Control," 8 June 2018 New Zealand, home to tons of rare endemic species being gobbled up by rats, cats, weasels and other invasive species, is undertaking a monumental campaign to eradicate non-native mammals by 2050. Jason Daley, Smithsonian, "Coral Reefs Need Fewer Rats and More Bird Poo," 12 July 2018 In March, researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology published a study showing that misinformation is endemic to Twitter. Farhad Manjoo, New York Times, "Employee Uprisings Sweep Many Tech Companies. Not Twitter.," 4 July 2018 Hogweed’s story is like that of most of America’s other invasive plants; an escape from a garden into the wild, where its prolific seeding bullies out endemic species. Megan Molteni, WIRED, "This Giant Invasive Flower Can Give You Third-Degree Burns," 3 July 2018 The invasive animals had devastated South Georgia’s bird population, even threatening species that are endemic to the remote island. James Rogers, Fox News, "Rat attack: World's largest rodent cull clears predators from Atlantic island," 9 May 2018 The hot effusions are continually retouching the tropical landscape, a haven for native birds and endemic species such as a meat-eating caterpillar, a lava-loving cricket and the world's rarest goose. Andrea Sachs, chicagotribune.com, "This summer, stop by the 23 U.S. locales that have risen to become UNESCO World Heritage sites," 4 May 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

The species hails from Madagascar, along with a whole range of other oddball endemics. Molly Marquand, Good Housekeeping, "5 Of The Easiest Houseplants To Grow From Cuttings," 14 Dec. 2017 Perhaps mow down the forest and focus wholly on traditional conservation of endemics plants. National Geographic, "Mysterious Island Experiment Could Help Us Colonize Other Planets," 8 May 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'endemic.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of endemic

Adjective

1759, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Noun

1926, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for endemic

Adjective

borrowed from French & New Latin; French endémique, borrowed from New Latin endēmicus, from Medieval Latin *endēmia "disease fixed in one locality" + New Latin -icus -ic entry 1; Medieval Latin *endēmia, probably from Greek éndēmos "at home, living in a place, native, confined to one area (of a disease, in galen)" (from en- en- entry 2 + -dēmos, adjective derivative of dêmos "district, country, people") on the model of epidēmia "disease affecting a large number of individuals" — more at demo-, epidemic entry 1

Note: Medieval Latin *endēmia is presumed on the basis of Middle French endemie, occurring in Thomas Le Forestier's Le regime contre epidimie et pestilence (Rouen, 1495) (see Revue de linguistique romane, vol. 36 [1972], p. 231).

Noun

derivative of endemic entry 1

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Statistics for endemic

Last Updated

19 Sep 2018

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for endemic

The first known use of endemic was in 1759

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More Definitions for endemic

endemic

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of endemic

: growing or existing in a certain place or region

: common in a particular area or field

endemic

adjective
en·dem·ic | \ en-ˈdem-ik, in- \

Medical Definition of endemic 

(Entry 1 of 2)

: restricted or peculiar to a locality or region endemic diseases an endemic species — compare epidemic sense 1, sporadic sense 1

Other words from endemic

endemically \-ˈdem-i-k(ə-)lē \ adverb

endemic

noun

Medical Definition of endemic (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : an endemic disease or an instance of its occurrence

2 : an endemic organism

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Comments on endemic

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occurring twice a year or every two years

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