endemic

adjective
en·​dem·​ic | \ en-ˈde-mik How to pronounce endemic (audio) , in-\

Definition of endemic

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : belonging or native to a particular people or country
b : characteristic of or prevalent in a particular field, area, or environment problems endemic to translation the self-indulgence endemic in the film industry
2 : restricted or peculiar to a locality or region endemic diseases an endemic species

endemic

noun
en·​dem·​ic | \ en-ˈde-mik How to pronounce endemic (audio) , in-\

Definition of endemic (Entry 2 of 2)

: an organism that is restricted or peculiar to a locality or region : an endemic organism

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Other Words from endemic

Adjective

endemically \ en-​ˈde-​mi-​k(ə-​)lē How to pronounce endemically (audio) , in-​ \ adverb
endemicity \ ˌen-​ˌde-​ˈmi-​sə-​tē How to pronounce endemicity (audio) , -​də-​ˈmi-​ \ noun
endemism \ ˈen-​də-​ˌmi-​zəm How to pronounce endemism (audio) \ noun

Synonyms & Antonyms for endemic

Synonyms: Adjective

aboriginal, autochthonous, born, domestic, indigenous, native

Antonyms: Adjective

nonindigenous, nonnative

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Choose the Right Synonym for endemic

Adjective

native, indigenous, endemic, aboriginal mean belonging to a locality. native implies birth or origin in a place or region and may suggest compatibility with it. native tribal customs indigenous applies to that which is not only native but which, as far as can be determined, has never been introduced or brought from elsewhere. indigenous plants endemic implies being peculiar to a region. a disease endemic in Africa aboriginal implies having no known others preceding in occupancy of a particular region. the aboriginal peoples of Australia

Did You Know?

Adjective

If you translate it literally, endemic means "in the population." It derives from the Greek endēmos, which joins en, meaning "in," and dēmos, meaning "population." "Endemic" is often used to characterize diseases that are generally found in a particular area; malaria, for example, is said to be endemic to tropical and subtropical regions. This use differs from that of the related word epidemic in that it indicates a more or less constant presence in a particular population or area rather than a sudden, severe outbreak within that region or group. The word is also used by biologists to characterize the plant and animal species that are only found in a given area.

Examples of endemic in a Sentence

Adjective

Divorce has become so endemic in our society that a whole lore has risen up around it: that divorce is a temporary crisis; that so many children have experienced their parents' divorce that children nowadays do not worry much about it; that in fact it makes things easier, and it is itself a mere rite of passage; that if the parents feel better, so will the children. — Elisabeth Lasch-Quinn, New Republic, 6 May 2002 Situated only 250 miles off the coast of Africa, Madagascar is biologically unique. Not only does it have a rich animal and plant life, it also houses a huge number of endemic species found nowhere else on earth. — Jim Milliot et al., Publishers Weekly, 15 May 2000 The rap performers I enjoy are those who emphasize production values, songcraft and that quality of playfulness endemic to all good pop. — Francis Davis, Atlantic, October 1993 the fish is not an endemic species of the lake, and it is rapidly devouring the native trout population
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Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

Few hospitals have been built in Romania since the 1989 fall of communism, a situation most blame on endemic government corruption. San Diego Union-Tribune, "Metallica donates to Romanian pediatric cancer hospital," 15 Aug. 2019 Can the extraordinary moment that energized the public, challenged endemic corruption and rejected traditional power-brokering lead to real change for Puerto Rico? New York Times, "After Protests, Will Real Change Come to Puerto Rico?," 3 Aug. 2019 And there's no reason why the disease itself doesn’t become endemic in the DRC. Tanya Lewis, Scientific American, "A Year In, the Second-Largest Ebola Outbreak Continues to Rage," 2 Aug. 2019 The papier-mâché likeness of the Statue of Liberty appeared in Tiananmen Square as protests convulsed Beijing and other cities seeking to unshackle the world’s most populous country from endemic corruption. Laignee Barron / Hong Kong, Time, "How the Tiananmen Square Massacre Changed China Forever," 4 June 2019 Elected Chavez’s bare-knuckles presidential campaign demonizing Venezuela’s two traditional political parties was well received in a country weary of endemic corruption and economic decline. Peter Millard, Bloomberg.com, "A Timeline of Venezuela’s Economic Rise and Fall," 16 Feb. 2019 While this might briefly diminish some of the hypocrisy endemic in big-money sports, fear not: The NFL season will soon arrive with a fresh supply. Chris Barton, latimes.com, "Overrated/Underrated: A welcome comeback for 'Harvey Birdman,' and the global sound of Sons of Kemet," 18 May 2018 Further Reading Study: US is slipping toward measles being endemic once again While health officials face unique challenges to curbing disease in the DRC, the republic is far from the only country to face a boom in measles cases. Beth Mole, Ars Technica, "Measles is killing more people in the DRC than Ebola—and faster," 15 July 2019 Cases are rising in California, too Valley fever got its name from the San Joaquin Valley in California, where valley fever, as in Arizona, is endemic. Stephanie Innes, azcentral, "Cases of valley fever in Arizona are up in 2019. Here's what you need to know," 10 July 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

The species hails from Madagascar, along with a whole range of other oddball endemics. Molly Marquand, Good Housekeeping, "5 Of The Easiest Houseplants To Grow From Cuttings," 14 Dec. 2017 Perhaps mow down the forest and focus wholly on traditional conservation of endemics plants. National Geographic, "Mysterious Island Experiment Could Help Us Colonize Other Planets," 8 May 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'endemic.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of endemic

Adjective

1759, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Noun

1926, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for endemic

Adjective

borrowed from French & New Latin; French endémique, borrowed from New Latin endēmicus, from Medieval Latin *endēmia "disease fixed in one locality" + New Latin -icus -ic entry 1; Medieval Latin *endēmia, probably from Greek éndēmos "at home, living in a place, native, confined to one area (of a disease, in galen)" (from en- en- entry 2 + -dēmos, adjective derivative of dêmos "district, country, people") on the model of epidēmia "disease affecting a large number of individuals" — more at demo-, epidemic entry 1

Note: Medieval Latin *endēmia is presumed on the basis of Middle French endemie, occurring in Thomas Le Forestier's Le regime contre epidimie et pestilence (Rouen, 1495) (see Revue de linguistique romane, vol. 36 [1972], p. 231).

Noun

derivative of endemic entry 1

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Last Updated

22 Aug 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for endemic

The first known use of endemic was in 1759

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More Definitions for endemic

endemic

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of endemic

: growing or existing in a certain place or region
: common in a particular area or field

endemic

adjective
en·​dem·​ic | \ en-ˈdem-ik, in- How to pronounce endemic (audio) \

Medical Definition of endemic

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: restricted or peculiar to a locality or region endemic diseases an endemic species — compare epidemic sense 1, sporadic sense 1

Other Words from endemic

endemically \ -​ˈdem-​i-​k(ə-​)lē How to pronounce endemically (audio) \ adverb

endemic

noun

Medical Definition of endemic (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : an endemic disease or an instance of its occurrence
2 : an endemic organism

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More from Merriam-Webster on endemic

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with endemic

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for endemic

Spanish Central: Translation of endemic

Nglish: Translation of endemic for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of endemic for Arabic Speakers

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