endemic

adjective
en·​dem·​ic | \ en-ˈde-mik How to pronounce endemic (audio) , in- \

Definition of endemic

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : belonging or native to a particular people or country
b : characteristic of or prevalent in a particular field, area, or environment problems endemic to translation the self-indulgence endemic in the film industry
2 : restricted or peculiar to a locality or region endemic diseases an endemic species

endemic

noun
en·​dem·​ic | \ en-ˈde-mik How to pronounce endemic (audio) , in- \

Definition of endemic (Entry 2 of 2)

: an organism that is restricted or peculiar to a locality or region : an endemic organism

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Other Words from endemic

Adjective

endemically \ en-​ˈde-​mi-​k(ə-​)lē How to pronounce endemically (audio) , in-​ \ adverb
endemicity \ ˌen-​ˌde-​ˈmi-​sə-​tē How to pronounce endemicity (audio) , -​də-​ˈmi-​ \ noun
endemism \ ˈen-​də-​ˌmi-​zəm How to pronounce endemism (audio) \ noun

Synonyms & Antonyms for endemic

Synonyms: Adjective

Antonyms: Adjective

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Choose the Right Synonym for endemic

Adjective

native, indigenous, endemic, aboriginal mean belonging to a locality. native implies birth or origin in a place or region and may suggest compatibility with it. native tribal customs indigenous applies to that which is not only native but which, as far as can be determined, has never been introduced or brought from elsewhere. indigenous plants endemic implies being peculiar to a region. a disease endemic in Africa aboriginal implies having no known others preceding in occupancy of a particular region. the aboriginal peoples of Australia

Did You Know?

Adjective

If you translate it literally, endemic means "in the population." It derives from the Greek endēmos, which joins en, meaning "in," and dēmos, meaning "population." "Endemic" is often used to characterize diseases that are generally found in a particular area; malaria, for example, is said to be endemic to tropical and subtropical regions. This use differs from that of the related word epidemic in that it indicates a more or less constant presence in a particular population or area rather than a sudden, severe outbreak within that region or group. The word is also used by biologists to characterize the plant and animal species that are only found in a given area.

Examples of endemic in a Sentence

Adjective Divorce has become so endemic in our society that a whole lore has risen up around it: that divorce is a temporary crisis; that so many children have experienced their parents' divorce that children nowadays do not worry much about it; that in fact it makes things easier, and it is itself a mere rite of passage; that if the parents feel better, so will the children. — Elisabeth Lasch-Quinn, New Republic, 6 May 2002 Situated only 250 miles off the coast of Africa, Madagascar is biologically unique. Not only does it have a rich animal and plant life, it also houses a huge number of endemic species found nowhere else on earth. — Jim Milliot et al., Publishers Weekly, 15 May 2000 The rap performers I enjoy are those who emphasize production values, songcraft and that quality of playfulness endemic to all good pop. — Francis Davis, Atlantic, October 1993 the fish is not an endemic species of the lake, and it is rapidly devouring the native trout population
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Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective In crafting the film, Cohen and Shenk wanted to bring to light how systemic abuse was endemic to USA Gymnastics, which prepares athletes to compete in the Olympics. Mahita Gajanan, Time, "The Story Behind Netflix's Athlete A, a New Documentary About the USA Gymnastics Sex Abuse Scandal," 24 June 2020 The bird, endemic to Antioquia, one of the 32 regions Colombia calls departments, hadn’t been seen in 47 years. Alexandra Ossola, Quartz, "To save a nearly extinct bird, Colombians are rethinking one of their biggest economic engines," 13 June 2020 In 2018, a Kotaku exposé revealed endemic sexism at the company, which resulted in a gender discrimination lawsuit. Cecilia D'anastasio, Wired, "Games Aren't Doing Enough to Combat Toxicity at Launch," 4 June 2020 The disease became so endemic Chinese doctors viewed its contraction as an inevitability. Cody Cassidy, Wired, "Who Discovered the First Vaccine?," 8 June 2020 Yang himself pointed to the killing of George Floyd, which was allegedly precipitated by Floyd’s use of a counterfeit $20 bill, as endemic of the economic challenges faced by millions of Americans today. Rey Mashayekhi, Fortune, "Kamala Harris and Andrew Yang lead the call for monthly coronavirus stimulus payments," 2 June 2020 But one national park just north of Taipei—home to rare aquatic plants, chirping frogs, and the endemic Formosan blue magpies—stands out for its preservation of quiet. Terry Ward, Condé Nast Traveler, "Taipei Is Home to the World’s First Urban Quiet Park," 2 June 2020 Experts call such diseases endemic — stubbornly resisting efforts to stamp them out. Author: William Wan, Carolyn Y. Johnson, Anchorage Daily News, "Coronavirus may never go away, even with a vaccine," 28 May 2020 Thanks to medical advancements in the 20th century, infectious diseases that once periodically struck American cities like cholera and yellow fever are no longer endemic on this continent. Matt Ford, The New Republic, "The Biggest Threat to a Coronavirus Vaccine Is the American People," 27 May 2020 Recent Examples on the Web: Noun The United States became the world's top destination for asylum-seekers in 2017, according to UN figures, many of them Mexican and Central American families fleeing endemic violence. Mark Sherman, Anchorage Daily News, "Supreme Court boosts Trump administration’s deportation power in asylum cases," 25 June 2020 Ebola is a hemorrhagic fever endemic in animal populations that reside in Africa’s tropical forests and is passed from person to person through contact with bodily fluids. Max Bearak, Washington Post, "Congo declares end of world’s second-largest Ebola outbreak," 25 June 2020 Yang himself pointed to the killing of George Floyd, which was allegedly precipitated by Floyd’s use of a counterfeit $20 bill, as endemic of the economic challenges faced by millions of Americans today. Rey Mashayekhi, Fortune, "Kamala Harris and Andrew Yang lead the call for monthly coronavirus stimulus payments," 2 June 2020 The species hails from Madagascar, along with a whole range of other oddball endemics. Molly Marquand, Good Housekeeping, "5 Of The Easiest Houseplants To Grow From Cuttings," 14 Dec. 2017 Perhaps mow down the forest and focus wholly on traditional conservation of endemics plants. National Geographic, "Mysterious Island Experiment Could Help Us Colonize Other Planets," 8 May 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'endemic.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of endemic

Adjective

1759, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Noun

1926, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for endemic

Adjective

borrowed from French & New Latin; French endémique, borrowed from New Latin endēmicus, from Medieval Latin *endēmia "disease fixed in one locality" + New Latin -icus -ic entry 1; Medieval Latin *endēmia, probably from Greek éndēmos "at home, living in a place, native, confined to one area (of a disease, in galen)" (from en- en- entry 2 + -dēmos, adjective derivative of dêmos "district, country, people") on the model of epidēmia "disease affecting a large number of individuals" — more at demo-, epidemic entry 1

Note: Medieval Latin *endēmia is presumed on the basis of Middle French endemie, occurring in Thomas Le Forestier's Le regime contre epidimie et pestilence (Rouen, 1495) (see Revue de linguistique romane, vol. 36 [1972], p. 231).

Noun

derivative of endemic entry 1

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Time Traveler for endemic

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The first known use of endemic was in 1759

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Last Updated

28 Jun 2020

Cite this Entry

“Endemic.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/endemic. Accessed 5 Jul. 2020.

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More Definitions for endemic

endemic

adjective
How to pronounce endemic (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of endemic

: growing or existing in a certain place or region
: common in a particular area or field

endemic

adjective
en·​dem·​ic | \ en-ˈdem-ik, in- How to pronounce endemic (audio) \

Medical Definition of endemic

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: restricted or peculiar to a locality or region endemic diseases an endemic species — compare epidemic sense 1, sporadic sense 1

Other Words from endemic

endemically \ -​ˈdem-​i-​k(ə-​)lē How to pronounce endemically (audio) \ adverb

endemic

noun

Medical Definition of endemic (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : an endemic disease or an instance of its occurrence
2 : an endemic organism

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More from Merriam-Webster on endemic

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for endemic

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with endemic

Spanish Central: Translation of endemic

Nglish: Translation of endemic for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of endemic for Arabic Speakers

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