de·​lib·​er·​a·​tion | \ di-ˌli-bə-ˈrā-shən How to pronounce deliberation (audio) \

Definition of deliberation

1a : the act of thinking about or discussing something and deciding carefully : the act of deliberating After careful deliberation, he decided to study medicine rather than law.
b : a discussion and consideration by a group of persons (such as a jury or legislature) of the reasons for and against a measure The jury returned a verdict after a four-hour deliberation.
2 : the quality or state of being deliberate spoke with clarity and deliberation worked with deliberation on the painting

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Other Words from deliberation

deliberative \ di-​ˈli-​bə-​ˌrā-​tiv How to pronounce deliberative (audio) , -​ˈli-​b(ə-​)rə-​ \ adjective
deliberatively adverb
deliberativeness noun

Synonyms & Antonyms for deliberation


account, advisement, consideration, debate, reflection, study, thought


short shrift

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Examples of deliberation in a Sentence

After hours of deliberation, the council came to a decision. Jury deliberations lasted two days. She spoke to the audience with clarity and deliberation.
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Recent Examples on the Web

Alibaba’s deliberations come more than four years after the online-retailing giant went public in New York following a record-setting $25 billion stock sale. Julie Steinberg, WSJ, "Alibaba Considers Listing in Hong Kong," 28 May 2019 The committee is next scheduled to meet in late October; Salama was not clear if a special meeting will be called to speed up these deliberations. Helen Branswell, STAT, "China may compete with the West for limited opportunities to test Ebola vaccine," 8 June 2018 The episode was a master class in editing, as the queens interacted with their evil twins throughout the challenge and during the judges' deliberation. Patrick Crowley, Billboard, "'RuPaul's Drag Race': Fans React to Top 5 Elimination Shocker," 7 June 2018 Nissan sought help from METI but in doing so unwittingly opened the door for the government ministry to ensconce itself in the deliberations, according to the person familiar with them. Nick Kostov, WSJ, "Nissan Enlisted Japanese Government to Fend Off Renault Merger," 15 Feb. 2019 But when Bruno asked for an interpreter to assist the juror struggling to understand English and McNair's attorneys expressed concern the juror wasn't actively participating in deliberations, Shaller dismissed her and summoned an alternate. Nathan Fenno,, "Former USC football assistant Todd McNair loses case against NCAA," 22 May 2018 Including lawmakers in the deliberations might have helped ease Jackson's path, according to White House officials and senators. Cliff Pinckard,, "Guns banned from NRA event with Mike Pence: A.M. News Links," 30 Apr. 2018 The six-person jury returned the unanimous verdict Thursday (March 8) following a three-day trial and less than 15-minutes spent in deliberations. Littice Bacon-blood,, "Reserve woman found not guilty of battery for shooting unarmed neighbor," 9 Mar. 2018 In the earlier cases, jury deliberations lasted for weeks as well. Aruna Viswanatha, WSJ, "Ex-Blackwater Guard Goes to Trial for Third Time in Less Than Five Years," 5 Nov. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'deliberation.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of deliberation

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for deliberation

see deliberate entry 2

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Statistics for deliberation

Last Updated

6 Jun 2019

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Time Traveler for deliberation

The first known use of deliberation was in the 14th century

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English Language Learners Definition of deliberation

: careful thought or discussion done in order to make a decision
: the quality of being slow and careful


de·​lib·​er·​a·​tion | \ di-ˌli-bə-ˈrā-shən How to pronounce deliberation (audio) \

Kids Definition of deliberation

1 : careful thought : consideration Still, she thought after quite a long deliberation, it was probably all right to tell her children …— Robert C. O'Brien, Rats of NIMH
2 : the quality of being deliberate He spoke with great deliberation.


de·​lib·​er·​a·​tion | \ di-ˌli-bə-ˈrā-shən How to pronounce deliberation (audio) \

Legal Definition of deliberation

1a : the act of deliberating — compare premeditation
b : a discussion and consideration by a group of persons (as a jury or legislature) of the reasons for or against a measure
2 : the quality or state of being deliberate killing with deliberation

Other Words from deliberation

deliberative \ dē-​ˈli-​bə-​ˌrā-​tiv, -​brə-​tiv How to pronounce deliberative (audio) \ adjective

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Comments on deliberation

What made you want to look up deliberation? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


a tendency to relapse

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