de·lib·er·a·tion | \ di-ˌli-bə-ˈrā-shən \

Definition of deliberation 

1a : the act of thinking about or discussing something and deciding carefully : the act of deliberating After careful deliberation, he decided to study medicine rather than law.

b : a discussion and consideration by a group of persons (such as a jury or legislature) of the reasons for and against a measure The jury returned a verdict after a four-hour deliberation.

2 : the quality or state of being deliberate spoke with clarity and deliberation worked with deliberation on the painting

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Other words from deliberation

deliberative \-ˈli-bə-ˌrā-tiv, -ˈli-b(ə-)rə- \ adjective
deliberatively adverb
deliberativeness noun

Synonyms & Antonyms for deliberation


account, advisement, consideration, debate, reflection, study, thought


short shrift

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Examples of deliberation in a Sentence

After hours of deliberation, the council came to a decision. Jury deliberations lasted two days. She spoke to the audience with clarity and deliberation.
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Recent Examples on the Web

The cable giant also is assessing whether strategic investors could help Comcast counter bids by Walt Disney Co., according to the person, who asked not to be identified because the deliberations are private. Gerry Smith,, "Comcast, in bidding war for Fox assets, may partner with private equity investors," 27 June 2018 Executives have discussed the idea of a name change, but no decision has been made, said the person, who asked not to be identified because the deliberations are private., "Trans fats are officially banished," 19 June 2018 After about an hour of deliberation Thursday and three days of testimony, the jury of nine men and three women acquitted Jonathan Hardin of all charges. Matthew Glowicki, The Courier-Journal, "Jurors finds school resource officer in chokehold case not guilty," 31 May 2018 After 10 hours of deliberation last week, a jury found that Newman was not liable in Hill's death and that Mascara was 1% liable. Eliott C. Mclaughlin, CNN, "'Black lives don't matter,' lawyer says after jury awards $4 in police killing," 31 May 2018 Despite the lack of motive and actual evidence, the jury of nine blacks, two whites and one Hispanic returned a guilty verdict after five hours of deliberation. Obaid H. Siddiqui, The Root, "The Unofficial Gag Order of Jamil Al-Amin (H. Rap Brown): 16 Years in Prison, Still Not Allowed to Speak," 30 May 2018 Always a piece of political theater, the deliberations over the multiannual European budget this time around will be a drama within several dramas that were almost inconceivable when the current seven-year spending program was fixed in 2013. Jonathan Stearns,, "Europe Fires Starting Gun for Fight Over Next EU Spending Plan," 2 May 2018 When deliberations began, the jury was divided on Ortega’s guilt. Maureen O'connor, The Cut, "The Jury and the Family Speak Out As the Nanny Trial Ends," 19 Apr. 2018 Save for his Wednesday morning tweet, the president's Syria deliberations have largely been the exception to the chaos engulfing the White House, underscoring the high stakes of a decision, White House officials said. Anchorage Daily News, "Analysis: Trump chooses impulse over strategy as crises mount," 12 Apr. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'deliberation.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of deliberation

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for deliberation

see deliberate entry 2

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Last Updated

12 Sep 2018

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Time Traveler for deliberation

The first known use of deliberation was in the 14th century

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English Language Learners Definition of deliberation

: careful thought or discussion done in order to make a decision

: the quality of being slow and careful


de·lib·er·a·tion | \ di-ˌli-bə-ˈrā-shən \

Kids Definition of deliberation

1 : careful thought : consideration Still, she thought after quite a long deliberation, it was probably all right to tell her children … —Robert C. O'Brien, Rats of NIMH

2 : the quality of being deliberate He spoke with great deliberation.


de·lib·er·a·tion | \ di-ˌli-bə-ˈrā-shən \

Legal Definition of deliberation 

1a : the act of deliberating — compare premeditation

b : a discussion and consideration by a group of persons (as a jury or legislature) of the reasons for or against a measure

2 : the quality or state of being deliberate killing with deliberation

Other words from deliberation

deliberative \dē-ˈli-bə-ˌrā-tiv, -brə-tiv \ adjective

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alleviating pain or harshness

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