dec·la·ra·tion | \ˌde-klə-ˈrā-shən \

Definition of declaration 

1 : the act of declaring : announcement

2a : the first pleading in a common-law action

b : a statement made by a party to a legal transaction usually not under oath

3a : something that is declared a declaration of love

b : a document containing such a declaration

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Examples of declaration in a Sentence

The government has made a declaration of war on its enemies. The case was ended by declaration of a mistrial. You will need to make a declaration of your income.
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Recent Examples on the Web

The Atlantic Charter, a joint declaration from the two, spelled out guiding principles for defeating Hitler in August of 1941. Olivia B. Waxman, Time, "The 'Special Relationship' Between the U.S. and U.K. Is Unlike Any Other Alliance. Here's How It Got That Way," 13 July 2018 Such declarations have typically been treated in Philadelphia as the final word on the matter, the equivalent of an architectural death sentence. Inga Saffron,, "A tale of two historic Philadelphia buildings: One rises from the ashes. The other falls to the wrecking ball.," 12 July 2018 There have been false dawns in this long losing streak, and many declarations that this time will be different. The Economist, "Demography is not destinyBuilding a multiracial coalition is more difficult than it seems," 12 July 2018 Following his proposal, Mr. Trump and NATO’s 28 other leaders agreed to a joint summit declaration that recommitted them to moving toward the 2% target by 2024 and welcomed progress made in raising military spending. Laurence Norman, WSJ, "Trump Roils NATO Allies With Calls to Double Military Spending," 11 July 2018 Scott’s emergency declaration Monday also enlisted a number of state agencies to address the toxic waters. Jim Turner,, "White House backs Everglades reservoir," 11 July 2018 The verification process takes about two weeks, according to a declaration by Jonathan White with the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response. Kristina Davis,, "DOJ says more time may be needed to reunify separated families," 6 July 2018 Eby said his agency plans to meet with FEMA this week to discuss next steps in the disaster declaration application. Sarah Meehan,, "Baltimore City not yet approved for FEMA flood assistance," 3 July 2018 Included in the governor’s declaration were Cameron, Willacy, Aransas, Nueces and San Patricio counties. Daniel A. Flores And Molly Smith, San Antonio Express-News, "Storms slam Rio Grande Valley; hundreds rescued," 21 June 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'declaration.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of declaration

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

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Last Updated

10 Oct 2018

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Time Traveler for declaration

The first known use of declaration was in the 15th century

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More Definitions for declaration



English Language Learners Definition of declaration

: the act of making an official statement about something : the act of declaring something

: something that is stated or made known in an official or public way

: a document that contains an official statement : a document that makes a declaration


dec·la·ra·tion | \ˌde-klə-ˈrā-shən \

Kids Definition of declaration

1 : an act of formally or confidently stating something

2 : something formally or confidently stated or a document containing such a statement the Declaration of Independence



Legal Definition of declaration 

1 : the act of declaring declaration of dividends declaration of war

2a : the first pleading in a common-law action — compare complaint, indictment

b : a statement usually not under oath made by a party to a legal transaction the attorney must later sign an affidavit or declaration stating that he has informed the debtor— J. H. Williamson

c : a statement not under oath being offered as evidence

declaration against interest

: a statement made by someone unavailable as a witness that is against that person's own interests (as pecuniary or property interests) or may subject that person to liability — compare admission, confession, self-incrimination

Note: A declaration against interest is an exception to the hearsay rule. If it is offered in a criminal case and tends to expose the declarant to criminal liability it is not admissible unless supported by corroborating circumstances that clearly indicate the trustworthiness of the statement.

dying declaration

: a statement that is made by a person who firmly believes that he or she is about to die and has no hope of recovery and that concerns the circumstances or cause of the presumed death — compare excited utterance, res gestae

Note: Dying declarations are an exception to the hearsay rule and can be admitted as evidence only if the declarant is unavailable as a witness.

self-serving declaration

: a statement made out of court that is in the declarant's own interest

spontaneous declaration \spän-ˈtā-nē-əs- \

: an excited utterance that is made without time for fabrication

called also spontaneous exclamation, spontaneous utterance

— compare res gestae

Note: Spontaneous declarations are exceptions to the hearsay rule under the excited utterance exception.

3 : something that is declared: as

a : a statement proclaiming the principles, aims, or policies of a group or government declaration of rights — compare constitution, proclamation

b : a statement of the value of property that is subject to a tax (as a duty) also : a statement of the amount of tax estimated to be due (as on property or income) — see also estimated tax — compare return

c : a statement of information (as year, make, and model) regarding the subject (as a car) and coverage of an insurance policy

4 : a statement creating or giving notice of the creation of a legal entity, relationship, or status also : the instrument embodying such a statement

declaration of condominium

: a declaration of the creation of a condominium that includes a description of the common and individual interests and obligations — compare master deed at deed

declaration of homestead

: a declaration by a qualified property owner by which the protection of a homestead exemption is effectuated

declaration of trust

: a declaration by one holding or taking title to property in which he or she acknowledges that the property is held in trust for another

5 : declaratory judgment at judgment 1a

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