noun dec·la·ra·tion \ ˌde-klə-ˈrā-shən \
Updated on: 15 Mar 2018

Definition of declaration

1 : the act of declaring : announcement
2 a : the first pleading in a common-law action
b : a statement made by a party to a legal transaction usually not under oath
3 a : something that is declared
  • a declaration of love
b : a document containing such a declaration

Examples of declaration in a Sentence

  1. The government has made a declaration of war on its enemies.

  2. The case was ended by declaration of a mistrial.

  3. You will need to make a declaration of your income.

Recent Examples of declaration from the Web

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'declaration.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of declaration

15th century

DECLARATION Defined for English Language Learners


Definition of declaration for English Language Learners

  • : the act of making an official statement about something : the act of declaring something

  • : something that is stated or made known in an official or public way

  • : a document that contains an official statement : a document that makes a declaration

DECLARATION Defined for Kids


noun dec·la·ra·tion \ ˌde-klə-ˈrā-shən \

Definition of declaration for Students

1 : an act of formally or confidently stating something
2 : something formally or confidently stated or a document containing such a statement
  • the Declaration of Independence

Law Dictionary


noun dec·la·ra·tion

legal Definition of declaration

1 : the act of declaring
  • declaration of dividends
  • declaration of war
2 a : the first pleading in a common-law action — compare complaint, indictment
b : a statement usually not under oath made by a party to a legal transaction
  • the attorney must later sign an affidavit or declaration stating that he has informed the debtor
  • —J. H. Williamson
c : a statement not under oath being offered as evidence
declaration against interest
: a statement made by someone unavailable as a witness that is against that person's own interests (as pecuniary or property interests) or may subject that person to liability — compare admission, confession, self-incrimination
Note: A declaration against interest is an exception to the hearsay rule. If it is offered in a criminal case and tends to expose the declarant to criminal liability it is not admissible unless supported by corroborating circumstances that clearly indicate the trustworthiness of the statement.
dying declaration
: a statement that is made by a person who firmly believes that he or she is about to die and has no hope of recovery and that concerns the circumstances or cause of the presumed death — compare excited utterance, res gestae
Note: Dying declarations are an exception to the hearsay rule and can be admitted as evidence only if the declarant is unavailable as a witness.
self-serving declaration
: a statement made out of court that is in the declarant's own interest
spontaneous declaration \spän-ˈtā-nē-əs-\
: an excited utterance that is made without time for fabrication called also spontaneous exclamation, spontaneous utterance; compare res gestae
Note: Spontaneous declarations are exceptions to the hearsay rule under the excited utterance exception.
3 : something that is declared: as
a : a statement proclaiming the principles, aims, or policies of a group or government
  • declaration of rights
— compare constitution, proclamation
b : a statement of the value of property that is subject to a tax (as a duty); also : a statement of the amount of tax estimated to be due (as on property or income) — see also estimated tax — compare return
c : a statement of information (as year, make, and model) regarding the subject (as a car) and coverage of an insurance policy
4 : a statement creating or giving notice of the creation of a legal entity, relationship, or status; also : the instrument embodying such a statement
declaration of condominium
: a declaration of the creation of a condominium that includes a description of the common and individual interests and obligations — compare master deed at deed
declaration of homestead
: a declaration by a qualified property owner by which the protection of a homestead exemption is effectuated
declaration of trust
: a declaration by one holding or taking title to property in which he or she acknowledges that the property is held in trust for another
5 : declaratory judgment at judgment 1a

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