cortisol

noun
cor·​ti·​sol | \ ˈkȯr-tə-ˌsȯl , -ˌzȯl, -ˌsōl, -ˌzōl\

Definition of cortisol

: a glucocorticoid C21H30O5 produced by the adrenal cortex upon stimulation by ACTH that mediates various metabolic processes (such as gluconeogenesis), has anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive properties, and whose levels in the blood may become elevated in response to physical or psychological stress

called also hydrocortisone

Examples of cortisol in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web

Stress triggers the release of the hormone cortisol, which encourages your body to store more fat, particularly around your belly. Karyn Repinski, Woman's Day, "New Research Links Belly Fat to an Increased Risk of Heart Attacks in Women," 23 Jan. 2019 Mifepristone, the active ingredient in Korlym, helps Cushing's patients by blocking the body's ability to process cortisol. Sarah Jane Tribble, chicagotribune.com, "How an abortion pill turned out to be a treatment for a rare disease," 8 Apr. 2018 Changes in cortisol can affect the body’s insulin levels and its ability to break down sugar. Alice Park, Time, "Working Long Hours Can Raise the Risk of This Disease," 2 July 2018 This effect is amplified when the stress hormone cortisol peaks in the morning. Gretchen Röehrs, Harper's BAZAAR, "The Reverse-Aging Diet (Yes, You Can Have Carbs)," 9 Mar. 2018 This can happen because increased nighttime levels of the stress hormone cortisol cause inflammation that makes your airways swell, prompting asthma symptoms such as coughing that wake you up. Nina Bahadur, SELF, "How Many Times Is It Normal to Wake Up at Night?," 27 Sep. 2018 Mifepristone, the active ingredient in Korlym, helps Cushing’s patients by blocking the body’s ability to process cortisol. Sarah Jane Tribble, Washington Post, "How A Drugmaker Turned The Abortion Pill Into A Rare-Disease Profit Machine," 10 Apr. 2018 And since then, the category has exploded with a wide spectrum of offerings including tinctures, gummies, vape pens, facial serums, and body creams to whittle away at chronic pain and inflammation, as well as high cortisol levels. Lauren Valenti, Vogue, "From CBD to Sex-Positivity, the 8 Biggest Wellness Trends of 2018," 10 Dec. 2018 To do this, Trumble and his colleagues looked at the whales’ cortisol levels, since the hormone can be used as an indicator of how stressed a mammal is. Cathleen O'grady, Ars Technica, "Whales are stressed out by climate change, and it shows in their earwax," 16 Nov. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'cortisol.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of cortisol

1951, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for cortisol

cortisone + -ol entry 1

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Statistics for cortisol

Last Updated

14 Feb 2019

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Time Traveler for cortisol

The first known use of cortisol was in 1951

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More Definitions for cortisol

cortisol

noun
cor·​ti·​sol | \ ˈkȯrt-ə-ˌsȯl, -ˌzȯl, -ˌsōl, -ˌzōl \

Medical Definition of cortisol

: a glucocorticoid C21H30O5 produced by the adrenal cortex upon stimulation by ACTH that mediates various metabolic processes (as gluconeogenesis), has anti-inflammatory and immunosupressive properties, and whose levels in the blood may become elevated in response to physical or psychological stress

called also hydrocortisone

More from Merriam-Webster on cortisol

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with cortisol

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about cortisol

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