cortisol

noun
cor·​ti·​sol | \ ˈkȯr-tə-ˌsȯl How to pronounce cortisol (audio) , -ˌzȯl, -ˌsōl, -ˌzōl\

Definition of cortisol

: a glucocorticoid C21H30O5 produced by the adrenal cortex upon stimulation by ACTH that mediates various metabolic processes (such as gluconeogenesis), has anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive properties, and whose levels in the blood may become elevated in response to physical or psychological stress

called also hydrocortisone

Examples of cortisol in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web

People who self-reported early-life adversity actually had lower heart rates and cortisol levels than other participants. Bridget Alex, Discover Magazine, "What Science Says About Why You're Stressed and How to Cope," 21 June 2019 As of today, her thermogram results are normal, her blood and urine tests are benign, and her hormones, cortisol levels, kidney and liver functions, metabolism and other results are all looking good. Kat Bein, Billboard, "Hannah Wants Talks New Music & Overcoming Health Battle: 'It Turned My Life Upside Down'," 20 June 2019 Impact on dogs The results showed a significant correlation between human and dog cortisol levels across the year. Bronwyn Orr, Quartz, "Your stress is hurting your dog, according to a new study," 9 June 2019 For dog-human partners that trained together for agility competitions, the match in cortisol levels was even more accurate. Maddie Burakoff, Smithsonian, "Keep Calm and Don’t Stress Out the Dog," 7 June 2019 Unlike cortisol levels in the bloodstream, levels in hair don’t vary widely over a day, week or month. Melissa Healy, latimes.com, "Coming home stressed? Your dog is internalizing those bad vibes too, study suggests," 6 June 2019 The researchers also measured the hormone cortisol in the hair of dogs and their owners over a year-long period. Bronwyn Orr, Quartz, "Your stress is hurting your dog, according to a new study," 9 June 2019 To measure just how stressed their participants were over a period of several months, the scientists analyzed hair and fur samples for concentrations of the stress hormone cortisol. Maddie Burakoff, Smithsonian, "Keep Calm and Don’t Stress Out the Dog," 7 June 2019 To discern stress levels in both species over a period of several months, Roth and colleagues measured concentrations of the stress hormone cortisol in their hair and fur. Carrie Arnold, National Geographic, "If you’re chronically stressed, your dog could be too," 6 June 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'cortisol.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of cortisol

1951, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for cortisol

cortisone + -ol entry 1

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Statistics for cortisol

Last Updated

4 Jul 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for cortisol

The first known use of cortisol was in 1951

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More Definitions for cortisol

cortisol

noun
cor·​ti·​sol | \ ˈkȯrt-ə-ˌsȯl, -ˌzȯl, -ˌsōl, -ˌzōl How to pronounce cortisol (audio) \

Medical Definition of cortisol

: a glucocorticoid C21H30O5 produced by the adrenal cortex upon stimulation by ACTH that mediates various metabolic processes (as gluconeogenesis), has anti-inflammatory and immunosupressive properties, and whose levels in the blood may become elevated in response to physical or psychological stress

called also hydrocortisone

More from Merriam-Webster on cortisol

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with cortisol

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about cortisol

Comments on cortisol

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