cortisol

noun

cor·​ti·​sol ˈkȯr-tə-ˌsȯl How to pronounce cortisol (audio)
-ˌzȯl,
-ˌsōl,
-ˌzōl
: a glucocorticoid C21H30O5 produced by the adrenal cortex upon stimulation by ACTH that mediates various metabolic processes (such as gluconeogenesis), has anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive properties, and whose levels in the blood may become elevated in response to physical or psychological stress

called also hydrocortisone

Examples of cortisol in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Most people’s cortisol dips at night and then increases in the morning. Claire Bugos, Verywell Health, 29 Feb. 2024 Daniel goes on to tell me that chronic cortisol exposure leads to oxidative stress, damaging mitochondria and decreasing their production. Meggen Harris, Forbes, 21 Feb. 2024 Brain cells involved in emotional processing fire rapidly, triggering the adrenal glands in the kidneys to release the stress hormone cortisol. Jocelyn Solis-Moreira, Scientific American, 16 Feb. 2024 Think about incorporating a meditative yoga session into your day or even something simple, like going for a walk or speaking to a friend, which can all help cortisol (the stress hormone) levels drop. Alessandra Signorelli, Vogue, 14 Mar. 2024 In addition to lowering cortisol, a warm bath can calm the nervous system by encouraging the body to release neurotransmitters like serotonin, which contribute to feelings of contentment and well-being. Georgia Day, Glamour, 1 Mar. 2024 According to the National Institutes of Health, Cushing's syndrome is caused by excessive levels of cortisol, known as the stress hormone, and can cause a range of symptoms including a round face, weight gain and weak muscles. Democrat-Gazette Staff From Wire Reports, arkansasonline.com, 27 Feb. 2024 The condition occurs when too much cortisol (the primary stress hormone) is inside one's body for a long time, according to the Mayo Clinic. Ingrid Vasquez, Peoplemag, 24 Feb. 2024 In response, the adrenal glands release more cortisol, the body's primary stress hormone. Meggen Harris, Forbes, 21 Feb. 2024

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'cortisol.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

Etymology

cortisone + -ol entry 1

First Known Use

1951, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of cortisol was in 1951

Dictionary Entries Near cortisol

Cite this Entry

“Cortisol.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/cortisol. Accessed 14 Apr. 2024.

Medical Definition

cortisol

noun
: a glucocorticoid C21H30O5 produced by the adrenal cortex upon stimulation by ACTH that mediates various metabolic processes (as gluconeogenesis), has anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive properties, and whose levels in the blood may become elevated in response to physical or psychological stress

called also hydrocortisone

More from Merriam-Webster on cortisol

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