cortisol

noun
cor·​ti·​sol | \ ˈkȯr-tə-ˌsȯl How to pronounce cortisol (audio) , -ˌzȯl, -ˌsōl, -ˌzōl \

Definition of cortisol

: a glucocorticoid C21H30O5 produced by the adrenal cortex upon stimulation by ACTH that mediates various metabolic processes (such as gluconeogenesis), has anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive properties, and whose levels in the blood may become elevated in response to physical or psychological stress

called also hydrocortisone

Examples of cortisol in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web And there’s the stress hormone cortisol, a major component in dream, or REM (rapid eye movement) sleep, says Bryant. Miriam Foley, Good Housekeeping, "I Had a Baby and Started Dreaming About My Ex — Does It Mean I'm With the Wrong Man?," 18 Nov. 2019 If the brain continues to think the danger is there (cue work worries) the body keeps systems on high, triggering the release of cortisol, the body's main stress hormone. Sandee Lamotte, CNN, "Sunday sadness is real. Here's how to battle the pre-workweek blues," 27 Oct. 2019 Turns out spending time with friends lowers cortisol, the body’s stress hormone. Karina Bland, azcentral, "Managing my stress is stressing me out. I found 9 ways to stop," 22 Oct. 2019 Hair samples allow doctors to test levels of cortisol, which are linked to a person’s ability to learn and adapt to stress. Jenny Anderson, Quartz, "The scientific effort to protect babies from trauma before it happens," 22 June 2019 The researchers found that being among nature lowered the concentrations of cortisol, a stress hormone, and also lowered blood pressure and pulse rate. Brittany Anas, The Know, "What’s forest bathing and why are so many people in Colorado doing it?," 19 June 2019 Research mistake Even feeling discriminated against leads to worse health outcomes: higher blood pressure, heart rates and increased cortisol production, to name a few. Talis Shelbourne, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Why are there racial disparities in cancer? Doctor gives clues in Milwaukee presentation," 12 Sep. 2019 Excess cortisol has been linked to an increase in belly fat and weakened immunity. Cynthia Sass, Mph, Health.com, "What Is the Ayurvedic Diet—and Can It Help You Lose Weight?," 12 Aug. 2019 Here’s why: your body responds to stressful situations (like feeling overwhelmed) by producing more cortisol — way more. Madeleine Burry, Good Housekeeping, "7 Self-Help Strategies For When You're Overwhelmed, According to Psychologists," 29 Aug. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'cortisol.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of cortisol

1951, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for cortisol

cortisone + -ol entry 1

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Time Traveler for cortisol

Time Traveler

The first known use of cortisol was in 1951

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Statistics for cortisol

Last Updated

21 Nov 2019

Cite this Entry

“Cortisol.” The Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Inc., https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/cortisol. Accessed 6 December 2019.

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More Definitions for cortisol

cortisol

noun
cor·​ti·​sol | \ ˈkȯrt-ə-ˌsȯl, -ˌzȯl, -ˌsōl, -ˌzōl How to pronounce cortisol (audio) \

Medical Definition of cortisol

: a glucocorticoid C21H30O5 produced by the adrenal cortex upon stimulation by ACTH that mediates various metabolic processes (as gluconeogenesis), has anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive properties, and whose levels in the blood may become elevated in response to physical or psychological stress

called also hydrocortisone

More from Merriam-Webster on cortisol

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with cortisol

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about cortisol

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